Filipović was a Croatian Partisan who was executed during World War II. He was the commander of the Yugoslav Partisans’ Tamnavsko-Kolubarski unit in Valjevo. He was captured on February 24th, 1942 and subsequently hanged on May 22.
As the rope was put around his neck, Filipović defiantly thrust his hands out and denounced the Axis forces as murderers, shouting “Smrt fašizmu, sloboda narodu!” or “Death to fascism, freedom to the people!” He urged the Yugoslav people to resist and implored them to never cease resisting. At this moment, a subsequently famous photograph was taken.
A member of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia since 1940, he was posthumously declared a People’s Hero of Yugoslavia. The town of Valjevo has a statue dedicated to him.