The Revolutionary Communist Party of Turkey (TDKP) announced its foundation at its First (Foundation) Congress held on 2 February 1980. However, the roots of the communist movement in Turkey and the process of the TDKP’s construction go very far back.
The TDKP was founded in an ideological struggle against the opportunist heritage and tradition. TKP (The Communist Party of Turkey) was the first communist party in Turkey. It was founded in 1920 as a branch of the Communist International. A short while after its foundation, the founders of the party, under the leadership of Mustafa Suphi were murdered as a result of a plot by the Kemalist movement. Although TKP remained as a member of the Comintern in the following period, it followed a compromising-opportunist and bourgeois-tailist policy.
What remained in the name of communism in Turkey was the TKP’s opportunism until the late 1960s when the People’s Liberation Army of Turkey (THKO) and other radical revolutionary organisations were founded.
The TDKP developed from the THKO. It was founded by Deniz Gezmis, Yusuf Aslan and Huseyin Inan, who were executed on 6 May 1972, and by some other revolutionary youth leaders. It was an organisation of struggle against imperialism and the fascist dictatorship. It was founded as a reaction against the compromising passivist tradition of revisionism. It represented the disillusionment with revisionism. However, on the other hand, it remained as a Guevarist petit-bourgeois organisation which could not go beyond the platform of revisionism in the ideological sphere. It was eventually subjected to the blows of the dictatorship. Its leaders and militants were murdered either on the gallows or in the mountains.
In 1975 a new process started with self-criticism and continued until the foundation of the TDKP in 1980. This was the Party’s construction process in which it was orientated towards the working class and Marxism-Leninism. It was also a process in which an intense struggle was carried out as a part of the International Communist Movement led by comrade Enver Hoxha and the Party of Labour of Albania against Krushchevite modern revisionism, petit-bourgeois revolutionaries and Maoism. Also in this period tens of thousands of workers, labourers and youngsters were organised and mobilised for the struggle against fascism. Within this foundation process, our organisation lost about 200 martyrs in this struggle.
With the military fascist coup that took place seven months after the TDKP’s First Congress, our country underwent the darkest years of intense reaction in its history. The Party was subjected to the attacks of the enemy. As a result of this and of its shortcomings it suffered heavy blows.
These blows of the enemy were accompanied by the inner-party liquidationist-opportunist offensive. The Party was on the verge of liquidation. The process of re-organisation of the Party and mobilisation of its forces began in 1987.
With the cleansing of the Party the liquidationist groups that had emerged as a reflection of intimidation and submission in the face of the anti-socialist winds blowing in a world scale and of the terror of fascism and which had tried to seize the Party centre, the TDKP opened the way to resume its fundamental tasks.
The Party’s First General Conference of February 1990 constituted a platform on which this process was re-evaluated and the necessary conclusions were drawn. Also the revolutionary tasks on both the national and international scale were set and various decisions on political, organisational and tactical themes were made.
Under the heavy oppression of fascism, the TDKP is entirely organised illegally. Its main fields of work are the industrial centres where the proletariat is concentrated. It is working among the youth and other working strata in the towns and the working class, poor peasantry and the youth in Kurdistan. The TDKP is making further efforts to become a mass party, composed of strong workers’ organisations which represent the most advanced elements of the working class and which has roots within the class.
The Revolutionary Communist Party of Turkey is struggling against imperialist plunder, heavy exploitation and oppression, national oppression and the fascist dictatorship which is the form of the hegemony of the bourgeoisie and the big land owners in Turkey and Turkey-Kurdistan. It is struggling to establish a revolutionary-democratic people’s power and to build socialism.
As the Turkey and Kurdistan branch of the International Communist Movement TDKP is acting with the perspective of proletarian internationalism and of world revolution.