On the anniversary of 75 years, Clara Zetkin received a unique gift. A greeting of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, who was addressing “the fearless spokesman of the proletarian revolution, the friend and companion of the working masses of the USSR and a fighter for the liberation of the working woman,” saying, “Companion of Weapons of Engels, lutastes tirelessly against opportunism in the Second International and the full force of your great intelligence and your passion revolutionary ye have erected against the views of Bernstein, against revisionism. In the days that sparked a world war, when leaders of the Second International shamefully left tow the car of imperialism, you, in the company of Lenin in the company of Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht, raise high the banner of proletarian internationalism. Were with us in the days of October and in the days of the civil war when the world was trying to stifle counterrevolution first State of the World Proletariat. Selfless friend of the USSR, there find you always in the combat outpost when the enemy threatens the land of the Soviets. The Central Committee of Communist Party (b) of the USSR expressed their good wishes and firm conviction that lutareis for many years in the first ranks of the Communist International.”
Master of the Proletarian Revolution
The great revolutionary is touched to receive such honor. His life unfolds like a movie screen memories. She was born Clara EISSN on July 5, 1857, a period of ferment in Germany. Only nine years had passed the days of 1848.
Adhered to Marxism to finish the Magisterium, when joined to a Study Circle organized by Russian revolutionaries. She married a member of the group, Ossip Zetkin, who inherited the surname.
Prioritized in the socialist movement, the organization of international women’s movement. He advocated equal rights, but differed from the bourgeois feminism as the struggle of women connected with the fight of the proletariat in the capitalist system.
In the 80’s to escape the repression of the Socialists, lived 10 years in exile, being hosted in Switzerland and France. Actively participated in the Second International Congress in Paris in 1889, when he met Engels (Read The Truth, No). Returning to Germany after the Congress, is the Social Democratic Party (SPD) in crisis, with the formation of three trends: one on the right, led by leaders such as Edward Bernstein, George and Edward David Vollmar, a, center, with August Bebel and Karl Kaustki and third, left, who was ahead of Rosa Luxemburg, Karl Liebchnet and Franz Mehring, Clara joins them.
Inspiring the International Women’s Day
It was Clara Zetkin proposed that the celebration of International Women’s Day on March 8, adopted at the Second Congress of Socialist Women in 1910. The following year, one million women took to the streets in his day, in Europe and the United States.
In 1915, it triggered the First World War, held in Bern (Switzerland), an international congress of women against war, against his own party, who had betrayed the international proletarian movement, approving the war credits in parliament. In Congress, Clara proclaimed that “No one sees a mass movement for peace without the participation of women proletarian, and peace will be assured only when an overwhelming majority of working women around the world join the fight for the cause of peace, the cause of freedom and happiness of mankind, under the slogan of “War on War.”
For its militancy for peace, Clara was arrested by the end of the war. Along with Rosa Luxemburg, Karl Liebchnet, Franz Mehring and other comrades of the Left, broke with the SPD and founded the Spartacist League, which later became the German Communist Party.
He was elected to the German Parliament (Reichstag), the PCA and its parliamentary action has always been vibrant, with complaints of oppression, to support the international communist movement. In 1932 the opening speech of the parliamentary session and a strong statement against Nazism on the rise. With the victory of Hitler in 1933, moved to Russia, where he died shortly afterwards.
Building Socialism and spreading
Unconditionally supported the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917, noting that “The example of the Great October Socialist Revolution, the victory over foreign intervention in the years of civil war and socialist construction that develops successfully, testify to the fact that the proletariat already think mature to build a new society, socialist, free from exploitation of man by man. ”
Clara was repeatedly and for long periods in the Soviet Union, where he participated in numerous activities, collaborating with the construction of the Soviet state, and researching the changes in the behavior of women after the Revolution, especially within the areas of Muslim influence, partying removal of the veils, witnessing to the joy of women to practice this symbolic act of liberation.
A friend of Lenin, was with him long and fruitful conversations, which recorded the work Memories of Lenin. Nadjeda Krupskaya, a militant Bolshevik leader’s wife and most of the Soviet people, and referred to Clara: “A convinced Marxist revolutionary, active and inflamed that dedicated his entire life to fighting for the cause of working class struggle for the victory of socialism in the world.”
Clara Zetkin died in Moscow on June 20, 1933, close to completing 76 years of age. She was taken to the grave by Soviet leaders Stalin, Molotov, Voroshilov and Ordjonikdzik, which demonstrates the importance of their support for the consolidation of socialism in the USSR and its spread across the planet.
The urn with the ashes of this example of revolutionary woman was placed in the mausoleum of Lenin in the Kremlin-deserved honor and made only two foreigners: Clara Zetkin and John Reed, American Communist journalist who covered the Bolshevik Revolution to the Western press and wrote the famous book “Ten Days that Shook the World.”