Yugoslavia’s Hoxha Vs. Albania’s Hoxha

YUGOSLAVIA’S HOXHA Vs. ALBANIA’S HOXHA

Munich, March 21 – (Stankovic) — TITO has chosen Enver HOXHA’s
namesake in Yugoslavia, Fadil HOXHA, a member of the Presidency of the
Socialist Alliance’s regional executive in Pristina, to counteract
“the slander campaign by Albanian leaders against Yugoslavia.” (See
CNR items D-115, D-116, and D-117 of March 20.)

At the plenary meeting of the Yugoslav front organization of
the autonomous Kosmet (Kosovo & Metohia) region Fadil HOXHA attacked
Enver HOXHA’s speech of Feb. 13 which charged that the Yugoslav
leaders have pursued policy of destroying national character of the
Albanian minority in Yugoslavia.

Following his speech the plenum passed a resolution protesting
against the assumption by Enver HOXHA of the right to represent the
interest of the Albanians in Yugoslavia and expressing loyalty to
the Yugoslav federal government. Fadil HOXHA also said that the
anti-Yugoslav campaign in Albania was aimed at causing distrust among the
Albanains in Yugoslavia toward TITO.

[In his speech before the plenary session of the Central Committee
held between Feb. 13 and 17 in Tirana, Enver HOXHA said that “the
Yugoslav rulers have taken a chauvinist and anti-Marxist attitude
towards the people of Kosovo.” He added that “a wretched situation
prevails in that region, with the Yugoslav leaders pursuing a policy
of destroying the people’s national character. Tens of thousands of
citizens from Kosovo have had to give up their land and homes to
emigrate to Turkey. Yugoslavia is trying to transform Kosovo into
a base for action against Albania. Day by day the Yugoslav press of
Kosovo and Metohia are unleashing slanderous propaganda against our
party and our people’s democracy…” This is the reason why Enver
HOXHA suggested to the Albanian newspapers that their “internationalist
duty” was ” to enlighten the Albanians of Kosovo so that they do not
fall for the chauvinist anti-Marxist propaganda (of the Yugoslav
Communists).”]

In his answer to Albania’s (Enver) HOXHA, Yugoslavia’s (Fadil)
HOXHA said that his namesake’s “stories about denationalization
have no other aim but to cause distrust among the Albanians in
Yugoslavia toward the socialist country in which they live. ” Fadil HOXHA
Then enumerated all the advantages which the Albanian minority in Yugoslavia enjoys, especially the progress being achieved in the
economy and in culture. He sharply rejected Enver HOXHA’s allegations
about “tens of thousands of citizens from Kosovo” having emigrated
to Turkey because of the alleged “Yugoslav leaders’ pursuing a policy
of destroying the people’s national character.” Fadil HOXHA said that
out of 524,500 Albanians living in Yugoslavia only 291 have
moved to Turkey,” mostly people who have their breadwinners or families
in Turkey, or dispossessed beys, agas and merchants.”

[It is interesting to note that Fadil HOXHA speaks only of
524,500 Albanians as living in the region of Kosovo and Metohia.
According to the latest Yugoslav data the population of the Kosmet
was 880,000 on June 30, 1956. True, there are about 200,000 Serbs
among them (again according to the same statistical data) but in
any case there should be at least 680,000 Albanians in the area
rather than 524,500. The difference between these two last figures
is obviously not 291.]

After adopting a resolution “refuting the allegations about State
affairs in this region made by Enver HOKHA,” the popular front
Plenum of Kosovo add Hetohia lent “full and solid support to the
Federal Executive Council (of Yugoslavia i.e. the Government) in
taking measures against this and similar acts of the Albanian
Government, which sonstitute gross interference in the domestic
affairs of Yugoslavia and an attack on the territorial integrity and
Sovereignty of Socialist Yugoslavia” – the words taken from the
Feb. 26 speech of Koca POPOVIC, Yugoslav State Secretary for Foreign
Affairs, made at the Yugoslav National Assembly.

The resolution further “vigorously protests against the assumption
by Enver HOXHA and his associates of the right to represent the
interest of the Albanians of Kosovo and Metohia.”

As could have been foreseen, the section of Enver HOXHA’s Feb.
13 speech dealing with the Albanian minority in Yugoslavia provoked
TITO’s anger more than anything else. This was the first open attack
by an Albanian Communist leader on the “wretched situation” allegedly prevailing in that part of Yugoslavia, and constituted a full-fledged
declaration of propaganda warfare on TITO.

In the above-mentioned speech of Feb. 26 Koca POPOVIC said that
“Albania is the only country of the Socialist camp with which,
though no fault of ours, our relations have never been really
normalized…” Politika of March 15 added to this extent that
Albania’s “22 anti-Yugoslav attacks” between Dec. 1, 1956, and
March 15, 1957, have “in point of ‘gravity’ even surpassed Soviet
propaganda” with its 33 major attacks on TITO and Yugoslavia within
the same period.

Albania’s offence is all the greater in TITO’s eyes since the
Albanian Communist Party owed its information in 1941 to the aid
and initiative of Yugoslav Communists. Before 1941 there were only
a few Communist groups in Albania, the most important group being
in Kor�e. To this group belonged Enver HOXHA, then still an
insignificant teacher at the Korce grammar school. (See S. Skendi’s “Albania”,
published by the Mid-European Studies Center of the Free Europe
Committee, Inc. – New York, 1956.)

Some months after the attack of the Soviet Union by Nazi Germany,
two emissaries of TITO, Miladin POPOVIC and Dusan MUGOSA, members
of the regional committee of the Yugoslav CP for Kosovo and Methohia,
arrived in Tirana entrusted with the task of forming an Albanian
Communist Party. In a short time they succeeded in uniting the various
groups and in creating a single party on November 8, 1941. They
stayed on in Albania throughout the war and were the real leaders
of the Albanian party, Miladin POPOVIC as political organizer, Dusan
MUGOSA as military organizer. However, as the number of Yugoslav
“advisers” in Albania later increased, so did dissatisfaction among
the Albanians, both Communists and fellow-travelling members of the
Communist-led “Democratic Front”. They all resented control by the
Yugoslavs, and suffered ruthless persecution at the hands of the
pro-Yugoslav Koci XOXE, Minister of the Interior, head of the Secret police
and Secretary of the party, who with the backing of the Yugoslavs
became the most powerful man in the Party.

After TITO’s expulsion from the Cominform, however, the
anti-Yugoslav elements in the Albanian CP, backed by the Kremlin
and led by the Premier Enver HOXHA (subsequently Party secretary),
took sole power into their hands, began to treat Yugoslavia as an
enemy country and secured the execution of Koci XOXE in 11949. This
attitude has remained constant to this day and it seems that
Albania will, for a long time to come, be “the only country of the
socialist camp”, in POPOVIC’s words, with which Yugoslavia’s
relations have not been “really” normalized and which is “obviously”
not anxious to secure their normalization.

Source

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