Tirana, October 7 (EFE) .- The last communist president of Albania, Ramiz Alia, died today at age 85, according to medical sources.
Alia was hospitalized for several days in a sanatorium in Tirana due to lung disease.
Born in Shkodra, in northern Albania, Alia was a partisan leader who led the fight against the Nazi occupation of the country during the Second World War.
He graduated from Institute of Marxism-Leninism and was the successor to Enver Hoxha in the Communist Party.
After Hoxha’s death in 1985, he became the leader of communist Albania, occupying the post of first secretary of Central Committee of the Party of Labor of Albania.
From 1982 to 1992 he was also chairman of the NPC and thus head of state, a function at which he resigned after winning the 1992 parliamentary elections against the opposition Democratic Party.
In early 1990 introduced limited reforms towards a capitalist economy, announced a broad amnesty for political prisoners and called first multiparty elections in 1991.
In 1994 he was sentenced to prison for genocide and crimes against humanity, charges of which he was acquitted in 1997. EFE