In the revolution carried out by the Bolsheviks in October 1917, it was shown that the construction of socialism is possible only provided that the principles of Marxism are maintained and remain firmly.
On October 25, 1917, according to the old Russian calendar, or November 7, the current schedule, the Bolsheviks led and organized armed insurrection, seized power and established the dictatorship of the proletariat.
This was the result of a process of accumulation of forces, in which the masses played an important role. In February 1917 the Russian workers and the people rose up against the power of the czars and gave way to the emergence of a provisional government headed by Kerensky reactionary character, but at the same time came the Soviets.
At the stage of the Soviet seizure of power were early forms of proletarian power, according to Joseph Stalin they “… were fundamental levers of organization that could facilitate the isolation of the Mensheviks and Socialist.” That is why the Bolshevik Party raised the slogan “All Power to the Soviets.”
The provisional government of counterrevolutionary activity against Bolshevik workers’ movement and accentuated. In July, workers’ demonstrations were gunned down, the wording of Pravda was destroyed and gave the order to arrest Lenin, who had to hide.
The Bolsheviks were prepared in March 1917, a political army of workers and peasants which was created in the course of the struggle, as the fighting in class and the masses were convinced, from experience, the correctness of the policy of the proletarian party.
The Party Central Committee (CC) meeting on October 10, decided to build a Politburo responsible for leading the insurrection. On the 16th, the outreach session of the CC of the party decides to place Stalin in front of the Centre Party in charge of directing the insurgency, which would be leading the fight all the days of October.
The Bolsheviks understood the insurgency “… in the broadest sense of the word, is not naturally a purely military in the background, and above all, is a powerful revolutionary movement, a powerful impulse to the proletarian masses against ruling classes, or at least of the active fraction of these masses, even though numerically constitute only a minority of the proletariat. It is an active and resolute struggle of the most active in the turning point in the decisive point. The military operations of the organization of combat must match the height of the movement of the proletariat. Only in these conditions can be successful insurrection. The most favorable revolutionary situation can not, by itself, ensure the victory of the revolution. The insurrection must be organized by a party. The power does not come alone, you have to take it. ”
Understanding these elements on the morning of November 7 Moscow dawned with most of the places occupied, Petrograd was in the hands of the proletariat. Only the Winter Palace and some other point of the city were still in the hands of the Provisional Government during the early hours of the morning.
At night the workers took the Winter Palace. From the cruiser “Aurora” was announced: “A new era for Russia and a new dawn for humanity.” While pointing guns at the Winter Palace. Kerensky fled in disguise and in a car. The U.S. Embassy gave him asylum. The power passed into the hands of the workers and poor peasants. On 9 November, the first organized workers and peasants government.
With the triumph of the great socialist revolution opened a new era in humanity, the era of proletarian revolution and socialism, by which the proletariat must travel around the world.
The Russian Revolution is the most important event of the twentieth century, which led for the first time, the rise of workers, peasants and soldiers to power and the establishment of the first proletarian state in history.
The successful outcome of the proletarian revolution in Russia marked the beginning of a new era and was the validation and confirmation of the biggest historical scientific theory of Marx.
The October Revolution pointed to the possibility of the practical use of socialism, was tested for the first time that this is not just a scientific theory but a social system that can be set and demonstrate its superiority over capitalism.
With what has been done by the Bolsheviks in October 1917, it was shown that the construction of socialism is possible only provided that the principles of Marxism and continue to remain tight.