The Great Soviet Encyclopedia on Benjamin Franklin

Franklin, Benjamin Born Jan. 17, 1706, in Boston; died Apr. 17, 1790, in Philadelphia. American educator, statesman, and scientist. The son of a craftsman of modest means, Franklin went to work at the age of ten, at first in his father’s shop and later in his older brother’s printing shop. In 1723 he moved toContinue reading “The Great Soviet Encyclopedia on Benjamin Franklin”

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia on Alexander Hamilton

Hamilton, Alexander Born Jan. 11, 1757, on the island of Nevis; died July 12, 1804, in New York. US statesman. During the War of Independence (1775-83), Hamilton became famous as an orator and journalist. From 1776 to 1781 he served in the army, and he was a secretary of G. Washington. In 1789 he wasContinue reading “The Great Soviet Encyclopedia on Alexander Hamilton”

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia on George Washington

Washington, George Born Feb. 22, 1732, near Bridges Creek, Virginia; died Dec. 14, 1799, in Mount Vernon. American statesman, commander in chief of the American Army during the War of Independence in North America (1775-83), and first president ofthe USA (1789-97). Washington was born into the family of a rich planter and slave owner. AtContinue reading “The Great Soviet Encyclopedia on George Washington”

Maximilien de Robespierre on Terror and the French Revolution

TERROR IS JUSTIFIED If virtue be the spring of a popular government in times of peace, the spring of that government during a revolution is virtue combined with terror: virtue, without which terror is destructive; terror, without which virtue is impotent. Terror is only justice prompt, severe and inflexible; it is then an emanation ofContinue reading “Maximilien de Robespierre on Terror and the French Revolution”

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia on Oliver Cromwell

Cromwell, Oliver Born Apr. 25, 1599, in Huntingdon; died Sept. 3, 1658, in London. Outstanding figure of the English Bourgeois Revolution of the 17th century; leader of the Independents, and lord protector of England (from 1653). According to F. Engels’ estimate, he was the “Robespierre and Napoleon rolled into one” of the English Revolution (K.Continue reading “The Great Soviet Encyclopedia on Oliver Cromwell”

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia on Maximilien de Robespierre

I’m posting this article from the 1979 Soviet Encyclopedia for May 6th, Robespierre’s birthday. –E.S. Robespierre, Maximilien De  (full name, Maximilien François Marie Isidore de Robespierre). Born May 6, 1758, in Arras; died July 28, 1794, in Paris. Leader during the French Revolution. The son of a lawyer, Robespierre studied at the Collège Louis-le-Grand in ParisContinue reading “The Great Soviet Encyclopedia on Maximilien de Robespierre”

Maximilien de Robespierre on Justice and Terror

“Terror is nothing other than justice, prompt, severe, inflexible; it is therefore an emanation of virtue; it is not so much a special principle as it is a consequence of the general principle of democracy applied to our country’s most urgent needs. “ ‎”The most extravagant idea that can be born in the head ofContinue reading “Maximilien de Robespierre on Justice and Terror”