PCMLE: Enver Hoxha – Builder and Defender of Marxism

From En Marcha, the newspaper of the Marxist-Leninist Communist Party of Ecuador (PCMLE).

Enver Hoxha and the Party of Labor of Albania, unmasked and confronted the different types of revisionists, fought against the Yugoslavists, confronted the Titoists and fought the Maoists.

Enver was born in Albanian Gjirokastra the October 16, 1908 and died in Tirana on April 11, 1985, his studies were done at Paris (France), University of Montpellier, a place where he came into contact with Communist circles . Collaborated with the communist newspaper L’Humanité exposing the Albanian monarchy. In 1936 he returned to Albania and began working as a teacher. He fought in the Spanish Civil War, as part of the International Brigades. Thereafter participated in the Albanian opposition to the king Zog I and the Italian invasion of April 7, 1939.

Hoxha communist group joined the “Labor” and actively involved in the formation of the National Liberation Front, which was his first political commissar. After the Italian occupation of the country in April 1939, c. Enver was fired from his job and Korça communist organization sent him to the capital, Tirana, which soon became an important center of the communist movement and the anti-fascist resistance. On November 8, 1941 Communist Party was founded as a product of the merger of several communist groups in this process played an important role Enver, which made him one of the references to 1943, during World War II, was elected leader of the PTA.

On November 29, 1944 Albania was liberated from all the invaders and installed a new government led by Labour Party of Albania, having Hoxha as the main party leader. This was the result of a hard struggle of workers and Albanian peoples, “the Albanian revolution triumphed through armed uprising and the creation of people’s armed forces. In the first phase laid the foundation through core guerrilla detachments and regular battalions, detachments of volunteers, self-defense areas, moral and political preparation of the masses for the armed uprising, in a second phase, the fight became general uprising popular, organized the National Liberation Army, the third phase, the general popular uprising led to the expulsion of the occupants and the complete liberation of the country, the destruction of the organization and the reactionary armed forces as an instrument of the invaders and complete destruction of the state apparatus of the occupiers and traitors. ”

After conquering the power and drive out the fascists in their territory, major changes were made as to nationalize mines, banks and foreign companies and established state control over production and labor, while multiplied consumer cooperatives . In August 1945 began land reform, distributing among poor peasants and laborers nearly all arable land were owned by landlords.

After the victory in World War II solidified a provisional government and Enver Hoxha became Prime Minister. On January 11, 1946 was proclaimed by the Constituent Assembly’s Republic of Albania, abolish the monarchy and beginning the construction of socialism in the country.

On several occasions the class enemy attempted to regain power and to divert the revolutionary path through which marched the Albanian people in that mission Josep Tito, leader of Yugoslav revisionism, played a nefarious role. But discipline and conviction of the PTA confronted and exposed the enemy’s strategy and the July 1, 1948 Albania broke off diplomatic relations with Yugoslavia. During the following months the c. Enver Hoxha and the PTA faced all currents and elements for the government to Titoites Albanian.

With Enver Albania at the head of five-year planning was encouraged to develop production in this country, but at the same time it promoted the building of socialism and got great transformations, the bourgeoisie and imperialism sought every way to hit the block degenerate socialist and revolutionary achievements. Thus, in countries where the communists and the working classes down their guard and kept the revolutionary vigilance and discipline, revisionism and opportunism were able to take over the leadership of communist parties and socialist states.

In that scenario and Enver Hoxha of Albania Workers Party unmasked and confronted the different ranges of revisionists, fought against the thesis of the XX Congress of the CPSU in which the principles were felt Juschovistas, faced the Titoist and fought the thesis of the three worlds of Maoism.

Enver Hoxha’s so leaves an important legacy as a fighter communist, a fighter who faced the reaction and opportunism in all its facets, which exposed the revisionism and fearlessly defended Marxism-Leninism.


Long live the fortieth anniversary of Socialist Albania, N.11 political magazine, pg. 76


Published by Victor Vaughn

Anti-revisionist Marxist-Leninist, monarch of Latveria, owner, National Secretary of the American Party of Labor (APL) and operator of "The Espresso Stalinist" blog.

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