PCMLE: Albania’s struggle against the Maoists

From En Marcha, the newspaper of the Marxist-Leninist Communist Party of Ecuador (PCMLE).

The activity displayed by the Chinese was vacillating and contradictory, absent of Marxist-Leninist principles and characterized by opportunism…

The Party of Labor of Albania after facing and fighting the Khrushchev had to expose and fight against a new facet of revisionism, but this time came from the Asian continent and under the hand and the leadership of Mao Tse-Tung.

From 1956, the year in which it is presented the report of the XX Congress of the CPSU, the PTA strengthened its relations with the Chinese. This relationship is girded increasingly deployed by the Albanian struggle against Khrushchev revisionism, but the action led by Mao and his followers degenerated into a pragmatic policy that sought to turn China into an imperialist superpower.

The unfurled the Chinese activity was hesitant and contradictory, which were absent Marxist-Leninist principles and characterized by opportunism, according to Enver Hoxha “… many positions, not only generals, but also personal for Chinese leaders on a series of major political, ideological, military and organizational sometimes ranged to the right and others left. On some occasions were keen, in other swing, from time to time also held positions correct, but in most cases were obvious opportunistic attitudes. China’s policy in general, throughout the entire period that Mao lived, has been faltering, was a joint policy, lacked the spine Marxist-Leninist. One day he spoke in a way about an important political issue, and the next day to another. In China’s policy could not find a stable and consistent thread “to the point that even Mao Tse-Tung stated that his thought can be used by everyone, both the left and right.

While Albania deepened the struggle against revisionism and imperialism, the Chinese action was hesitant becoming more and more, on one hand with the attitude of the Chinese leadership for Khrushchev and his band, the other glaring submission to U.S. imperialism . On several occasions the Chinese tried to seek reconciliation and union with the Russian revisionists under the pretext of forming a common front against imperialism, and immediately afterwards invited Nixon (21 to February 28, 1972) and Ford (December 3 , 1975) to proclaim China’s policy approach and join the imperialists.

Enver Hoxha in the paper entitled “Reflections on China,” said that “the Chinese masquerading as revisionist, but collaborate and expand cooperation with all revisionist trend that has apparent contradictions with the Soviet revisionists. Therefore, in practice together (and are also united ideologically) with the revisionists to fight the Soviet revisionists. The Chinese anti-imperialist posing, pretending to fight the imperialist superpowers (U.S. imperialism and Soviet social-imperialism), but now develop contacts and cooperation with the United States of America against the Soviets. Supposedly exploit contradictions. Not expressly say that the Soviets are the number one enemy of mankind, but suggests that the United States of America are not the enemy number one. “Adding to these criticisms the c. Hoxha maintained their rebuttals saying that China “… to pursue a policy of unprincipled and explode, supposedly, contradictions and joints, can not establish itself as a powerful socialist country, nor the Communist Party of China as a Marxist-Leninist strongly defend the principles. ”

The thought of Mao Tse-Tung was presented as a grade higher than Marxism-Leninism, was preached as the Chinese way of dealing with problems “… full of life and freshness, pleasant to the ear and the eyes of Chinese people,” noting that the Maoists wanted to remove the universal scientific basis of the theory of the proletariat, while looking at fusing elements of Marxist-Leninist theory with theories of ancient thinkers revolutionaries, the jurists and feudal as Lao Tse, Tse Kung, Confucius, and so on.

The main elements that are contrary to the philosophical principles of Marxism-Leninism are about materialist dialectics which mainly refers to the unity of opposites-the revolution (from countryside to city, the devaluation of the working class) and transition from capitalism to socialism (capitalist and socialist line in the party).

Source

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