Category Archives: Communist Ghadar Party of India (CGPI)

Communist Ghadar Party of India: On the Presidential Elections, 2012

The selection of a suitable candidate for the President of India, to be elected in July 2012, has been one of the major preoccupations of the ruling circles of our country in recent weeks.

The issue has gained in importance because of the critical nature of the present political situation, and because of the important role and powers of the President especially in times of political instability, crisis and potential “emergency” situations.

Present Situation

The Presidential election comes at a time of all-round crisis of the existing system. The big bourgeoisie is impatient to move ahead with its program of reforms, which have stalled in the face of very broad and growing resistance among the people, along with opposition within the ruling coalition.

The anger of workers has been steadily rising against the soaring prices, violation of labour rights and intensification of their exploitation. A united workers’ opposition is gaining strength against the privatisation and liberalisation program. Workers in diverse sectors are opposing the proposed new law on pensions aimed at robbing the savings of the working class for the benefit of the capitalists. Bank workers are contesting the need for banks in our country to be driven solely by profit maximisation and “global competitiveness”.

Peasants and tribal peoples have been up in arms against the attempts of big capitalist corporations to grab their land, and the proposed new Land Acquisition Act that is designed to assist this land grab.

There is widespread opposition among workers, peasants and small traders to allowing foreign direct investment in multi-brand retail trade.

Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, after returning from the G-20 meetings, has hinted at tough measures ahead, to end the “policy paralysis”. There is already much talk about the deterioration of India’s balance of payments and fiscal situation, alongside the economic downturn. There are calls for “austerity measures”, meaning further attacks on the living standards of the toiling majority so as to rescue corporate profits.

The mass resistance to the capitalist-imperialist program is fuelling the further intensification of inter-capitalist contradictions. Rivalry among the big monopoly groups fuelled the exposure of one scam after another. Conflicts have intensified between the big monopoly capitalists and various regional bourgeois groups. Regional bourgeois groups are demanding their share and resisting the overriding dictate of the biggest monopoly companies. Various state governments are resisting the imposition of central dictate on many fronts.

The entire system of democracy and its political process is extremely discredited at this time, as are the principal parties in Parliament. In this context, the Communist Ghadar Party of India has been consistently pointing out that the fundamental flaw is that the supreme power, or sovereignty, is vested in the hands of a tiny clique. The Constitution proclaims it as rule by the people, while actually legitimising Cabinet Rule.

The necessity to end the self-serving rule of an exploiting minority and vest sopvereignty in their own hands is being recognised by more and more sections of workers, peasants and progressive intelligentsia.

Faced with all-round crisis and discredit of their much touted democracy, the big bourgeoisie is keen to select a tried and tested politician for the post of President during 2012-17, one who could restore some credibility to the existing system. The big business houses want a President who would facilitate the pursuit of their imperialist aims, help resolve internal conflicts within the capitalist class and also be able to justify fascist measures to suppress the people’s resistance.

Presidential Powers

The Constitution of India vests a wide range of powers in the hands of the President, including executive, legislative, judicial, financial and emergency powers. The exercise of these powers are subject to the overriding condition that the President is bound to follow the advice of the Council of Ministers (the Cabinet) headed by the Prime Minister. The President may return a proposal to the Cabinet once, for reconsideration. If the same proposal is submitted again, he is bound to approve.

It would be wrong to conclude from this that the President is merely a rubber stamp. If the President returns a major Cabinet recommendation for reconsideration, such as the imposition of President’s Rule in a state or the proclamation of a National or Financial Emergency, it would precipitate an acute political crisis.

There are also particular times when the President exercises decision-making power on vital matters. When elections to Parliament results in no clear majority and there are contending claims, the President uses his judgment to decide which party to invite first to demonstrate its majority. If there is a deadlock between the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha on any legislation, the President has the power to summon a joint session to resolve the dispute.

Conclusions

Taking into account the present situation and the turbulent times ahead, the big bourgeoisie has selected Pranab Mukherjee as the preferred candidate for the post of President. This is the reason that in spite of the initial hesitation of the Congress Party and the various alternative names proposed by regional parties, Mukherjee has emerged as the favourite in the race. This is not the result of the activities of political party leaders alone, as presented on TV news channels. It is primarily the result of the guiding hand of the big capitalists that operates behind the curtain.

As far as the working class, peasants and other working people are concerned, there is nothing to cheer in the selection of Mukherjee. He may be well educated and wise, but his knowledge and wisdom are not for the benefit of workers and peasants. He has a proven track record of having consistently served the capitalist monopoly houses of our country.

The Communist Party of India (Marxist) is playing a harmful role in this situation by responding positively to the call of the big bourgeoisie, and canvassing support for Mukherjee among its friends and allies.

Communists must strive to utilise the instability and crisis of bourgeois rule to the advantage of the working class and the cause of the revolution.

The Communist Ghadar Party is striving to utilise the present crisis to build unity around the aim and program of replacing the existing capitalist democracy with a superior system and political process. That superior system is proletarian democracy – a system in which supreme power will be in the hands of the working people, who will control those they elect, and who in turn will control the executive power. The relation between the Union and its constituents will be redefined on the basis of recognising the right of every nation, nationality and people to self-determination.

CPI(M) is doing exactly the opposite of what a Communist Party is duty bound to do. It is rushing to the assistance of the ruling bourgeoisie when it is in crisis. It is pursuing the treacherous road of embracing the capitalist-imperialist program and at the same time claiming to be defending workers’ and peasants’ interests.

The task of communists is not to help the bourgeoisie to stabilise its rule. It is to lead the working class and people to take supreme power out of the hands of the Cabinet and the President in Parliament, and vest it in their own hands, so as to bury capitalism and build socialism.

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Communist Ghadar Party of India: Women must organise and wage united struggle to affirm their rights as women, as workers and as human beings!

Call of the Central Committee of Communist Ghadar Party of India, 1 March, 2012

International Women’s Day, on 8 March, 2012, comes at a time when more and more women are coming out on the streets, in our country and all over the world. They are protesting against their conditions and demanding their rights as women, as working people and as human beings.

Women of India are raising their voices against the increasing economic insecurity and super-exploitation of working women. They are protesting against the growing corruption and violence against them in daily life. Reports of rapes are a daily phenomenon in our country, showing that women do not even enjoy the right to walk on the streets without being threatened with harassment and violence.

Countless numbers of girl children are denied the right to life itself; they are killed before they are born. Those who survive face numerous obstacles to participating in economic and political affairs on an equal footing with boys and men.

Women are denied the right to decide when and whom to marry, how many children to bear and when to bear them. Millions of childbearing women lack access to basic trained care to ensure safe childbirth.

Women and girls in our country continue to be burdened by the weight of the Brahmanical caste system and various religious strictures that limit their role in social life. The growth of capitalism, while drawing large numbers of women out of their homes and into factories and BPOs, has brought forth new forms of exploitation and oppression. It has raised the degree of insecurity, of violence and crimes against women.

The Constitution of the Indian Republic in 1950 did not make a clean break with the legacy of the colonial state erected by the British imperialists for plundering our land and labour. While it extended the right to vote to all adult women and men, it retained the basic foundations of the British Indian state as legalised by the Government of India Act of 1935. The communal definition of the polity was retained, with separate personal laws for Hindus, Muslims and others. Caste based reservation of electoral constituencies, communal organisation of the army and a top-down colonial centralised bureaucracy have all been retained and further perfected by the Indian bourgeoisie.

The Congress Party promised whatever the people wanted while implementing strictly what benefited the big capitalists and big landlords. Nehru declared that a socialistic pattern of society was being created, while in fact the biggest capitalist houses grew rapidly and monopolised the domestic market. They used the State to suppress the toiling masses and take the place of the white man in carrying out the plunder of our land and labour.

A woman in our country cannot seek legal protection for any right by virtue of being a woman and a human being. She first has to specify her religion and caste.

In the process of creating the illusion that a socialistic pattern of society was being created, various laws were passed including some relating to basic rights of women. However, no enabling provisions or enforcing mechanisms were created, leaving the laws to remain a dead letter. For instance, the Maternity Benefits Act of 1961 entitles every woman who has worked for 80 days to maternity leave with pay of at least 6 weeks; but very few women actually enjoy this in practice. On average, women earn only two-thirds of the income paid to men for the same quality and quantity of work, even though there is an Equal Remuneration Act, 1976.

Women’s organisations were among the first to declare that the Nehruvian ‘socialistic pattern of society’ had not delivered on its promises. They pointed to the yawning gap between promise and reality, between various laws and the conditions on the ground.

The ruling capitalist class responded to the rising expectations and demands of working women and men by unleashing the program of globalisation through liberalisation and privatisation. Rather than taking measures for the State to fulfil its duty to all citizens, they advocated the opposite – that the State should withdraw from providing goods and services and leave everyone to fend for himself or herself in the so-called free market. The failure of the Nehruvian model of capitalist growth was presented as being the failure of socialism. The international capitalist propaganda was pushed, that there is no alternative to market oriented economic reforms. Women have been in the forefront of the resistance to this all-round offensive.

Women have played an active role in the struggle against the anti-social offensive of the past 20 years, pursued under the banner of globalisation through liberalisation and privatisation. The economic drive of Indian monopoly capital towards global domination has been accompanied by growing criminalisation of politics, institutionalisation of state terrorism, repeated acts of communal and sectarian violence of all kinds. Women have been vocal opponents of this all-round fascistic offensive.

The life experience of women and their struggles has brought home the realisation that the fundamental reason for the blatant violation of the rights of the vast majority of women and men lies in their exclusion from political power. The key to advance the struggle for the realisation of women’s rights as well as the rights of others lies in the political empowerment of women and men of the toiling majority.

The promise of 33% reservation of seats for women in Parliament and state legislative bodies was made out to be a great concession to women in their struggle for political empowerment. The point, however, is that the existing State is an instrument of capitalist rule. Increasing the number of women in the Lok Sabha and the state assemblies will not change this class nature of the existing political system.

The numerous scandals, from the Radia tapes to the 2G-Spectrum scam, have exposed the fact that what exists in the name of the “largest democracy in the world” is in fact a form of dictatorship of a minority class of capitalists, headed by big monopoly houses. It is a political system designed to ensure that the Tatas, Ambanis, Birlas and other monopoly houses control decision-making power and use it to enrich themselves as rapidly as possible. The monopoly houses finance the major political parties and their electoral campaigns. They select the Ministers for important portfolios and dictate the economic policies.

The Communist Ghadar Party of India believes that women need to fight for a new economic and political system, rather than focusing their energies on getting a few women into legislative bodies in the existing unrepresentative system.

The first practical step in the political awakening of women is to get together, as women, to discuss their common problems and their common struggle. Women need their own fighting organisations to strengthen their political participation, and to articulate and defend their rights, as women and as human beings.

Communist women must actively participate in the effort to build and strengthen women’s organisations, setting an example of uncompromising defence of the rights of women. They must clarify the perspective and vision of that society where women will be emancipated.

Working women have an important role to play in the struggle of the organised working class and in the struggle of women. One-third of all wage workers and salaried employees are women. With the experience of organised struggle of workers’ unions, they have an important role to play in organising women, as women.

There is an urgent need to build the foundations of the new state power, in the form of people’s samitis in the mohallas, bastis and villages. Women have a key role to play in building and strengthening such organs of people’s power.

Women have to be part of leading society out of its present morass. They have nothing to lose and everything to gain from the revolutionary transformation of society from capitalism to socialism. Socialism is a system in which class exploitation is eliminated, along with private property in the means of social production. The process of social production and reproduction will be socially planned, so as to fulfil the rising needs of the population and the need for investments to enhance productive capacity. Such a system of society would be geared to ensure healthy living and working conditions for all women, including guaranteed safe childbirth. Social planning will recognise the necessity for the emancipation of women and their equal participation with men in all affairs of society and the family.

On the occasion of International Women’s Day 2012, the Communist Ghadar Party of India salutes the women of all lands who are fighting to defend and affirm their rights. We call on women to strengthen their organised struggle and unite firmly in defence of their rights as women, as workers and as human beings.

Location
New Delhi

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Grand Celebration of 31st Birth Anniversary of Communist Ghadar Party

The 31st birth anniversary of the Communist Ghadar Party of India was celebrated in grand and colourful style in Delhi on 25th December 2011. The entire program was managed from beginning to end by the youthful comrades of the Party.

The auditorium was overflowing. Many had to stand or sit in the aisles. The vast majority of the audience consisted of high school and college students and young workers between 20 and 25 years of age. There were youth who have become candidate members of the Party and many more who were aspiring to do so.

The program began with a beautiful summary of the history of the Communist Ghadar Party, using narration interspersed with acted out scenes and accompanying music. The inspiring and moving presentation depicted the troubled times the communist movement went through and the conditions in which a small group of staunch Marxist-Leninists initiated the preparatory work in 1977 to reconstitute the vanguard party in which all revolutionary communists can militate. The Communist Ghadar Party was born in 1980, and has since then grown and matured as a party that all genuine communists take seriously, and which speaks and acts consistently in the common interest of the working class. It is today boldly spearheading the struggle to restore the unity of Indian communists, around the aim and program of the working class to become the ruling class and reorganise society to get rid of all forms of exploitation.

There were numerous group dances performed by girls and boys from working class families from different areas. They combined traditional folk art forms and modern group dancing with communist revolutionary content. There were Bhangras, Bhojpuri folk songs and cultural items from different regions of the country.

Brief speeches were delivered by several leading comrades of the Party in between the colourful and exciting cultural program. They called on the youth to rally around the program for the Navnirman of our state and society, to usher in a new India where workers, peasants, women and youth shall be the masters.

The atmosphere was extremely militant throughout the 4-hour long celebrations, inspiring the entire audience with revolutionary optimism about the future. It was a powerful expression of the strength and maturity that Communist Ghadar Party has gained over the years, and of the irresistible attraction of the youth to its revolutionary outlook and political line.

The celebration was a visual treat and a powerful proof that the youthful working class of our country is indeed capable of ruling and running all affairs, if only it is provided with communist education and political training.

The celebrations ended with the singing of the Internationale.

Location
New Delhi

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Communist Ghadar Party of India: Condemn the murder of Gaddafi and the re-colonisation of Libya!

Statement of the Central Committee of Communist Ghadar Party of India, 6th November, 2011

The Communist Ghadar Party of India condemns the cold blooded murder of the Libyan leader Colonel Muammar Gaddafi by the US-led NATO forces, as part of their unjust and criminal aggression and re-colonisation of that country.

The right to judge, reward or punish a political leader belongs to the people of that country and not to any foreign power. The murder of Gaddafi is an act of blatant violation of the right of Libyans to determine their own destiny.

The NATO forces rained death and destruction on Libya and its people from the air for over seven months. They have ruthlessly destroyed the economic infrastructure of Libya, — the schools, hospitals, highways, telecommunication networks, the irrigation and drinking water network. Countless people have been killed in these seven months. The imperialists of NATO armed their agents in Benghazi. They guided mercenary forces through their intelligence agents on the ground and bombings from the air to crush the people’s resistance to the capture of Libya. The final act of the murder of Gaddafi was also masterminded by the NATO forces. They bombed with sophisticated drones and fighters a cavalcade of vehicles of Colonel Gaddafi, which was leaving his home town of Serte. The NATO forces ensured the capture of Colonel Gaddafi followed by his brutal execution by their agents, without any trial of any kind.

For over seven months, Obama of the United States, Cameron of Britain, Sarkozy of France and Merkel of Germany have been calling for the blood of Gaddafi. They arrogantly rejected the proposals of the African Union and various Latin American governments to assist in a negotiated settlement of the Libyan crisis. They have now declared that the murder of Gaddafi marks a “new beginning” for a “democratic” Libya. The peoples of the world can have no illusions on this score.

The peoples of Afghanistan and Iraq have direct experience of the “regime changes” carried out in their countries in the name of promoting “democracy”, through brutal aggression, assassinations and wars of occupation. They have seen the rape and plunder of their land, labour and resources, and the murder of countless patriots in the course of the aggression and occupation. What has happened to Iraq and Afghanistan is what is being promised to the Libyan people under the signboard of democracy. What is going to be implemented is the cold-blooded colonial and imperialist plan to recolonise Libya and establish foreign imperialist control over its rich natural resources, particularly oil. This recolonisation will be carried out through the offices of a puppet regime that is being put into place.

The actions of the US-led NATO coalition in Libya confirm that these imperialist powers do not respect the fundamental premise of the foundation of the UN in the course of the Second World War in which the fascist aggressors were defeated — that the sovereignty of each people and country is inviolable, and each country has the right to follow its own economic and political system, free from outside dictate. The US-led imperialist coalition of NATO has arrogated to itself the right to refashion a new global order in which all countries and peoples must accept their unquestioned dictate.

The imperialist powers are trying to make people accept that the right of nations to self-determination, a principle established and agreed upon internationally in the 20th century, can be violated for “humanitarian” reasons. They use their control over the media to paint whosoever they select as being the biggest threat to humanity, so as to justify blatant aggression and violation of national sovereignty. All political parties and organisations of the working class and peoples must unite in defence of the right of nations and peoples to self-determination. We cannot and must not accept any violation of this right under any pretext.

The murder of Gaddafi and the recolonisation of Libya are a message to the African peoples that the Anglo-American imperialists and other European powers are initiating a new scramble for the recolonisation and redivision of Africa. It poses a grave threat to the freedom and independence of all the African countries.

The peoples and governments in our subcontinent must wake up to the reality and threats to peace and independence in our region, where US imperialism has violated the sovereignty of Iraq and Afghanistan, and is openly threatening Iran and Pakistan.

We must resolutely defend the sovereignty of every state, nation and people, and contribute to the struggle to stay the hands of all imperialist aggressors. An attack on one is an attack on all!

Let us demand that the Government of India must not give legitimacy to the re-colonisation of Libya by western imperialist powers in the guise of building democracy.

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Communist Ghadar Party of India: Working Class View of Twenty Years of the Liberalisation and Privatisation Program


The monopoly corporate houses of our country called it a historic day, the 24th of July, 1991. It was the day when Manmohan Singh, then Finance Minister in the Narasimha Rao government, unveiled in his budget speech the program of globalisation of Indian capital through liberalisation and privatisation. The monopoly capitalists have been propagating through the media that Manmohan Singh must be applauded for initiating this golden period for India.

The working class has an entirely different view of this so-called reform program and its results over the past 20 years. So do the peasants and other sections of the toiling and excluded majority. The views of this toiling majority are neglected by the corporate media.

Starting with this issue, Mazdoor Ekta Lehar will publish interviews with representatives of the working class, of the peasantry and other oppressed sections, to elaborate their views on the past two decades of globalisation of Indian capital; and on their vision for the next two decades.

We begin the series with an interview of Comrade Lal Singh, General Secretary of the Communist Ghadar Party of India. The following issues will carry more interviews with representatives of the working class, peasants and other small business people.

MEL Correspondent: What has been the result of the two decades of the so-called economic reform program since 1991?

Comrade Lal Singh: “The result of implementing this program has been highly uneven and lopsided economic growth. It has led to the intensification of class contradictions within our society.

“If we look at who has benefited the most, we find a miniscule proportion of the population that has amassed enormous wealth in this period. The turnover of the Tata group jumped from Rs. 14,000 crore to Rs. 3,50,000 crore over the past 20 years. That of the K.M. Birla group grew from Rs. 3,100 crore to Rs. 1,35,000 crore. The turnover of the Reliance Group was Rs. 2,300 crore twenty years ago; now it has split into two groups, and the turnover of the Mukesh Ambani group alone is over Rs. 2,00,000 crore.

“Several new names have joined the top circle of monopoly groups, such as the Sunil Bharti Mittal group and Gautam Adani group. The combined wealth of the 10 richest capitalists in our country reached the astronomical level of Rs. 8,40,000 crore in 2008, more than one-fifth the national income. At the other pole, more than 80% of the rural population spent less than Rs. 900 per head every month, according to the National Sample Survey of 2006/07. This is equivalent to just 30 rupees per day. Over 80% of the urban population spent less than Rs. 1800 per month, or 60 per day.

“The monopoly capitalists naturally consider the liberalisation and privatisation program a great success because they have minted money. But India remains the land with the maximum number of poor people. It is the country with maximum number of victims of numerous diseases. Infant mortality and maternal mortality remain high in most parts of the country. Even safe drinking water is not assured for millions of our people. Enormous time is spent every day to fetch a pail of water.

“The Deputy Chairman of the Planning Commission makes the preposterous claim that a working person can live on 30 Rupees per day! It shows that the monopoly capitalists and their spokesmen have no clue about the actual conditions of life of the toiling majority, their needs and aspirations. By defining the poverty line absurdly low, they claim that poverty is being tackled in our country.

“The relatively rapid economic growth, which our rulers proudly applaud, is being achieved through the most ruthless exploitation of workers and robbery of peasants. To make sure that the workers and peasants do not fight back as a united force, all kinds of diabolical acts are carried out, to divert them and set them against one another.

“The economic offensive has been accompanied by a fascistic political offensive in the form of state terrorism, communal violence and other blatant forms of violation of the rights of nations, classes and individual human beings.

“We cannot forget that Manmohan Singh’s maiden budget was followed by the criminal act of demolition of Babri Masjid in 1992, followed by state-organised communal violence. Both the principal parties in Parliament collaborated in these monstrous crimes against our people and their unity. Our Party responded to those developments by taking a historic step in February 1993, of initiating a mass campaign along with numerous organisations, giving birth to a committee for people’s empowerment.

“If we look at the composition of the high rate of GDP growth, we find that the fastest growing sectors of the economy in this period have been services for export markets, banking and other financial agencies, the land market, stock market and commodity futures markets. None of these activities add even one paisa to the real wealth of our country. They do not contribute to the living standards of the workers and peasants. The growth of the stock market and futures markets have enable a few giant gamblers and profiteers to steal the value in the hands of smaller businesses and from the savings of working individuals.

“If we discount the fictitious value addition that is imputed to banking, trade, public administration and defence, etc., the growth rate in the production of material wealth in our country is not as high as our rulers claim. It is obvious, for instance, that not enough is being produced of the various essential food items that working people need, which is reflected in the soaring rate of food price inflation. Food price inflation is being further fuelled by speculative commodity trading and hoarding.

“Ensuring the prosperity of those who toil requires enhanced production of the articles of mass consumption and their adequate availability at affordable prices. This is not being assured at all by the present orientation of the economy and economic policy. Only exorbitant profits in the hands of monopoly capitalists are being assured, through highly lopsided growth.

MEL: What was the context and main thrust of the policy reforms?

Com LS: “By the end of the decade of the eighties, the monopoly capitalists of India had become big enough to handle competition with the biggest corporations of the world in various sectors. They were willing to open the doors to foreign capital in order to upgrade their technological base and to bargain for greater access to foreign markets.

“The old method of developing capitalism, the Nehruvian model, had reached a dead-end. It was no longer appropriate for the big capitalists. The collapse of the Soviet Union and end of the bipolar division of the world meant that India had to redefine her position afresh in a newly evolving global scenario. The big capitalists used this as the occasion for embarking on an aggressive imperialist course.

“The program of globalisation, through liberalisation and privatisation, is aimed at enabling Indian monopoly capitalists to emerge as contenders for big power status on the global scale. It is based on intensified exploitation of labour and robbery of natural resources as the premise. It is an anti-worker, anti-peasant and anti-social program with imperialist aims.

“The Rupee has been devalued from Rs. 18 to Rs. 45 per US Dollar in this period. This has made production for foreign markets more profitable in comparison to producing for the domestic market. It has made investing in India more profitable for foreign companies and banks. Restrictions have been progressively removed from the path of domestic capitalist corporations to access financing from abroad and to acquire companies abroad. The path has been cleared for foreign companies to invest in diverse sectors of industry and services in our country. Speculation is rampant and so are land scandals and various forms of swindling of public funds.

“The capitalist propaganda claims that state control has been replaced by a free market. In actual fact, the competition in the market is highly uneven and monopolistic, with a few big players squeezing the small players dry. One form of control over the state by the monopoly houses has been replaced with another form of control by the same interests, at a higher level of domination and degree of monopoly.

MEL Correspondent: What is your assessment of Manmohan Singh’s role and contribution?

“Manmohan Singh did not design the liberalisation and privatisation program that has been pursued over the past 20 years. It is a program designed by a class of billionaire capitalists, who selected Manmohan Singh as a capable candidate to justify and market this program to the public.

“To justify and promote the program of big monopoly capital, Manmohan Singh claimed that once the wealthy start expanding their wealth at a rapid rate, it will trickle down to the toiling masses. When this did not happen, he claimed that further adjustments to the program would give it a ‘human face’. Then he further claimed that his party would make sure that rapid GDP growth does not enrich only a small minority but is ‘inclusive’.

“The actual results are the opposite of what he and other advocates of privatisation and liberalisation claim. The working class is suffering in all sectors. Wages are not keeping pace with the soaring prices of food and other essential consumption articles. Inflation is also much higher than the rate of interest received on bank deposits, so the savings of working families are falling in value alongside monthly incomes. Peasants are sinking into debt as their net income is not able to cover the debt servicing burden and also provide for health care, nutritious food and other needs of the family.

MEL: What is the alternative orientation and vision of the Communist Ghadar Party for the next two decades, i.e., 2010-30?

Com LS: “Our vision is that the creators of wealth must become the masters and the main beneficiaries of wealth creation. Who creates wealth? Manmohan Singh and other bourgeois economists claim that monopoly houses like the Tatas and Ambanis are creating wealth, and all restrictions must be removed from their path. The truth is that it is human labour, in interaction with nature and with past products of labour, which creates wealth. Workers and peasants create wealth through their toil. The capitalists pocket what others have created. They are the robbers of wealth and not its creators.

“The conditions in our country are crying out for a reorientation of the economy and reconstitution of political power. These together constitute the program for the Navnirman of India that our Party advocates.

“Only if workers and peasants become the decision-makers can they ensure that the economy works for them and not for the robbers of the wealth they produce. With political power in their hands, the workers, peasants and revolutionary intelligentsia will ensure that the economic system provides them with prosperity and stability, that is, it raises their living standard steadily without any crises or shocks.

“Fulfilling the ever-rising material and cultural needs of the population must become the overriding objective of social production, in place of the maximisation of private profits. A country of continental dimension like ours can be largely self-reliant. Imports and exports are needed only in a relatively small scale in some selected commodities.

“We agitate for the formation of a worker-peasant government to begin implementing the reorientation of the economy. We agitate for socialisation of finance, foreign trade and domestic wholesale trade on an immediate basis, to eliminate any scope for private profiteering in these spheres.

“To sort out the unresolved national question in our country and end the brutal violation of rights as in Kashmir, Nagaland and Manipur, we call for the reconstitution of the Indian Union on a voluntary basis, with every constituent enjoying the right to join or not join the union.

“We call for radical changes in the political process, so as to end party rule and establish rule of and by the people, organised in samitis in every constituency. The right to vote must be accompanied by the right to be elected, right to have a say in the selection of candidates and the right to recall the one who gets elected at any time.

“There is an acute clash that is developing between those who desire a radical change and those who want to preserve the status quo. The outcome of this great struggle will determine whether India will stumble along on its present crisis-ridden and dangerous imperialist course, or lift herself out of crisis and advance on the high road of civilisation.

“Our party represents the outlook and standpoint of the working class, which is interested in empowering the toiling majority of people so as to achieve the anti-colonial, anti-feudal, anti-imperialist and anti-capitalist revolution that Indian society needs. Navnirman is the decisive stage of ending the legacy of the past, and laying the foundation for a bright future.”

Location
New Delhi,

Communist Ghadar Party of India: On the tenth anniversary of the invasion of Afghanistan by US imperialism

Anti-Imperialist forces resolve to throw imperialists out of Asia

Anti-imperialist forces organized a public meeting in New Delhi on October 9, 2011. The meeting was initiated by the Lok Raj Sangathan(LRS) and the Jamaat e Islami Hind(JIH). Below we give a report on this event from a correspondent of Mazdoor Ekta Lehar. It was organised to chart out a course of action for the anti-imperialist antiwar forces of our country.

All anti-imperialist forces in India must unite as one to throw the US imperialists and their allies out of Afghanistan, Iraq, and Libya and all over the world. We must develop a powerful anti-imperialist, antiwar movement in defense of the rights of peoples and nations, and of peace and security.

Our brothers and sisters by blood, the people of Afghanistan, are victims of the US led NATO occupation forces. Over 1.3 million people killed as a result of the NATO strikes. Over 5 million Afghans have died as a result of the invasion and occupation. Over three million people are in refugee camps in Iran, Pakistan as well as within Afghanistan.

We have ancient and positive relations with the Afghan people. They have helped us in our moment of need. We can never forget that it was the then ruler of Afghanistan who allowed the Hindostani Ghadar Party to set up in Kabul, the first free Hindostani government during the First World War. The heroic resistance struggles of Afghans to all occupiers — British, Russian, and now American, are folklore. We are proud that Indian soldiers of the British Army faced firing squads for refusing to fight the Afghani people during colonial rule.

We demand that the government of India should reverse its anti-Afghan, anti-Indian, pro-imperialist policy. We demand that it defends the rights of all peoples and nations to determine their own economic and political systems, free from foreign imperialist pressure.

We denounce the decision of the Manmohan Singh government to send the Indian Army to Afghanistan to “train” the puppet Afghan army, set up by the US imperialists, to attack the Afghan people’s anti-imperialist national liberation struggle. We consider this as an excuse to intervene in Afghanistan against our own brothers and sisters.

We believe that the fountainhead of terrorism worldwide is US imperialism.

The revolutionary struggle of the people of Afghanistan, against the occupation forces cannot be called terrorism. We support revolutionary liberation struggles.

The killing of innocent people in bomb blasts in Pakistan, India, and other countries – in trains and buses, masjids and mandirs, courts and market places – is terrorism. We condemn terrorism. We condemn the 9/11 terrorist attacks in the US.

This was the content of every speech in the meeting.

The President of LRS, Shri Raghavan spoke of how over the last ten years, the US imperialists and their allies have sought to overturn all established norms regarding the independence and sovereignty of nations and the right of each nation and its people to pursue the economic and political system of its choice. “Regime change” and installing their lackeys in power, through brutal military intervention, has become the way of advancing imperialist interests in whichever country that does not submit to the dictate of the US imperialists.

Md. Salim Engineer, Secretary, JIH, cited several facts to support his argument that the US state itself was the organiser of the terror attack on the US on September 11, 2001. This was used as justification for the aggression on Afghanistan. He highlighted the danger of allying with the US imperialists. He called on all to stand up in defence of the sovereign right of the Afghan people to decide their own future.

Prakash Rao elaborated on the main features of the present Anglo-American strategy for world domination. Aimed at establishing their imperialist control over the rich oil reserves of Central and West Asia, and check mating all potential rivals, this strategy includes wars of aggression and military intervention in the name of “regime change” for alleged “humanitarian” reasons, coupled with savage attack on the Muslim people all over the world, in the name of “war on terrorism”, and heightened state terrorism.

Tracing the development of events in the region beginning with the Iranian revolution and the occupation of Afghanistan by the Soviet social imperialists in the late seventies. He conclusively established that today US imperialism is the fountainhead of terrorism.

He pointed out that the people of the Islamic faith all over the world are specifically under attack because they have refused to submit to the Anglo-American prescriptions on what form of governance and way of life they choose for themselves.

Elaborating on why Pakistan is being targeted by the US imperialists at this time and what this means for us Indians, he pointed to the mass opposition in Pakistan to the US policy. The people of Pakistan do not want to assist the US imperialists in Afghanistan. Pakistan is also the gateway to China and India and Anglo-American strategy in this region is to block China, India, Russia and Iran.

Prakash Rao condemned the decision of the Manmohan Singh Government to send its army into Afghanistan to train the puppet afghan government’s army to fight the people of Afghanistan . He called on the people of our country to stand with Afghani and Pakistani peoples in these troubled times and to build the unity all the anti-imperialist forces to throw out the Anglo-American imperialists out of Asia.

Dr. Rakesh Rafeeq condemned the growing US imperialist interference in the affairs of India and called for a broad anti-imperialist movement against the designs of US imperialism in this region.

He pointed out that both in Afghanistan and Iraq, Indian state has been collaborating with the US imperialists from the beginning of the occupations and even earlier. India collaborated with the soviet imperialists during their occupation, he pointed out. The infrastructure being built in Afghanistan by the Indian state is to assist the occupation forces. They are not building schools and hospitals for the people.

Those who addressed the meeting included Md. Ahmed, Prof. Ananthnarayan, P.C.Hamzah, Com. Pratap Syamal, Prof. Bharat Seth, Md. Amin Bhat of the Jammu and Kashmir Peace Foundation, Prof. Sheomangal Siddhantkar, Intezar Nayeem. A moving Urdu poem was sung on the theme of the occupation of Iraq.

Manipuri student activists, Malem and Rojesh, denounced the imperialist policy of the Indian state towards the various nations and nationalities and the use of force to deny the peoples their national aspirations. They called for all anti-imperialist forces in our country to oppose the Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA).

Resolutions were unanimously adopted on demanding immediate expulsion of all foreign troops from Afghanistan, condemning the US led war on terror as the biggest threat to peace and well-being of peoples, in solidarity with the people of Pakistan, against the building of close ties between the US and India and for unity with all peace loving and democratic forces to build a strong anti-imperialist movement.

Communist Ghadar Party of India: Petrol price hike is an attack on the living standards of millions of working families!


Withdraw customs and excise duties on oil and all its products, to bring down the retail price!

Statement of the CC of the Communist Ghadar Party of India, 23 September, 2011

The Communist Ghadar Party of India condemns the latest increase in petrol prices announced by the oil marketing companies.

This is the eighth hike since June 2010, when petrol prices were deregulated. In this period, the retail price of petrol in Delhi has risen from Rs 47.93 per litre to Rs 67, an increase of nearly 40 per cent in 15 months! Petrol costs more than Rs. 70 per litre in most other parts of the country.

This eighth hike in petrol prices comes on top of skyrocketing prices of vegetables, fruits, milk and milk products, cooking oil, cooking gas, food grains, pulses, meat and all other essentials of life. Lakhs of crores of rupees have been robbed from our working people through massive inflation in the past two years alone. The hike in petrol prices will hit the daily cost of living for millions of working men and women who travel to their place of work on a two-wheeler or a small car. It will also raise transportation costs and feed into the general rate of inflation.

Whenever the price of petrol or diesel is raised the government claims that it is because of the “unaffordable subsidy”. This is a blatant lie because petroleum product consumption is being heavily taxed in our country and not at all subsidized. The “subsidy” in the central budget is less than one-tenth the total taxes collected from petroleum products. In Rupees terms, petrol costs around 70 per litre in India as compared to 37 in China, 40 in the United States, 39 in Pakistan, 47 in Sri Lanka and 53 in Canada.

While the working class and large sections of our people are outraged by the frequent hikes in petrol prices, Montek Singh Ahluwalia, Deputy Chairman of the Planning Commission, welcomed it with glee. He is reported to have said, “What has happened … is a good news. I regard that as a vindication (and) an increase in credibility of basic part of the reforms strategy.”

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66th anniversary of Hiroshima: A call to end imperialism and war

From the Communist Ghadar Party of India

August 6th, 2011 marks the anniversary of the terrible crime committed by the United States against the Japanese people – civilian men, women and children. 66 years ago, the US dropped atom bombs on two towns of Japan. On August 6, 1945, the atom bomb was exploded over Hiroshima, and on August 9, 1945, over Nagasaki. Nearly three lakh women, men and children died within a period of two months after the dropping of the bombs, half of them on the days of the bombings. The long term effects of the radiation has effected entire generations. The people of Japan and the rest of the world have never forgotten for a moment nor forgiven the US imperialists for this heinous crime against humanity. Nothing can justify this barbaric action.

Yet, even today, the danger of new nuclear wars is still a reality. US imperialism at the head of coalition of imperialist states, is unleashing barbaric attacks against civilian populations in Libya, Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iraq. And the US, along with Russia, possesses about 96% of the nuclear weapons in the world.

Ever since Hiroshima and Nagasaki, peace loving peoples of the world have been protesting against the development and stockpiling of nuclear weapons. While the US and other imperialist states have continued to make a show of proposing and ratifying the Non-Proliferation Treaty to ostensibly agree on a progressive cutback of the number of nuclear weapons, this treaty has actually done very little in this direction. Rather it has been used to arm twist other countries and restrict the development of nuclear technology and weaponisation to selected imperialist states. What is being done is to replace old outdated weapons with new more powerful ones with better technology.

The US state attempts to cover all its heinous acts of aggression against civilian populations the world over, the bombing and torture of innocent people, under concocted pretexts. These facts are kept from the world so that the façade of “peace-keeper” and “defender of humanity” of the US state can be maintained. The American public is kept very much in the dark about all this for fear of vehement protests and rejection of this war-mongering course by them.

The hypocrisy of the US state with respect to its war crimes dates back to those bombings in 1945. US military crews and a Tokyo-based Japanese newsreel company had captured footage of the scene in the two cities. However, the United States governments engaged in airtight suppression of all film shot in Hiroshima and Nagasaki after the bombings. The American public did not see any of the newsreel footage for twenty-five years, and the shocking US military film remained hidden for nearly four decades. The US state did not want the general public to know what their weapons had done—at a time when they were planning on more bomb tests!

Every day new atrocities and their cover up by the US military abroad is exposed. The only way to bring this to an end is for the working class and peoples of the world, the freedom loving countries to step their struggle against imperialism, which is the source of war. The anniversary of the dropping of nuclear bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki is a call to the working class and peoples, to continue relentlessly on the path of struggle against imperialism, fascism and war.

Location
Tokyo

Source

Communiqué of the III plenum of the Central Committee of CGPI – July 25, 2011

The III Plenum of the Central Committee of the Communist Ghadar Party of India was convened in the third week of July 2011.

The Plenum noted that the conditions prevailing in the US and Europe indicate further deepening of the economic crisis in these countries in the coming period. These conditions suggest that the imperialists will resort to further militarization of their economies and wars of aggression, further fascization and attacking the rights of the working masses. The Plenum noted the rising opposition of the working people in these countries to these attacks. The demand that their governments must stop paying the big banks and corporations which are responsible for the crisis, and invest in the well-being of the working masses is gaining support in every country that is facing the crisis.

The Plenum analysed, based on all the events on the world scale, that US Imperialism is preparing for more wars with the aim of getting out of the crisis. The Plenum condemned the savage bombing of Libya by a coalition of 27 imperialist powers headed by the US on “humanitarian grounds” and on the pretext of “danger to global security.” It noted that violation of Libya’s sovereignty is totally unacceptable. Self determination is a question of principle that must be defended.

In actual fact, it is the US which is threatening world peace. Its blatant violations of Pakistan’s sovereignty through its drone attacks in Pakistan and Afghanistan pose grave dangers to peace and security in South Asia. The Plenum concluded that our Party must make our people aware of this threat and mobilize public opinion in our country against imperialist war, and in defence of the sovereignty of Pakistan.

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Information on the Communist Ghadar Party of India (CGPI)

Founded on December 25, 1980, the Communist Party of India Ghadar (CGPI) is the organized detachment of Communists who have dedicated their lives to the liberation of India and the emancipation of labor worldwide.

The CGPI doors are open to all those who wish to make the revolution of the mission of their lives – they agree to implement the program, the work of party organizations and pay monthly premiums.

The CGPI is committed to restoring the unity of all Indian communities.

The CGPI works to unite all communists, regardless of political affiliation, during a leadership class struggle and prepare the subjective conditions for an end to all exploitation of people by the people, for the victory revolution and communism on Indian soil.

The CGPI opposes all forms of social democracy and reconciliation with the idea of ​​a “middle way” between capitalism and socialism.

The CGPI is opposed to all dealers of hope on the State of the Union of India, which is neither democratic nor secular, but the stronghold of colonial heritage, an instrument of capitalist-feudal exploitation and imperialist plunder.

The CGPI opposes those who justify state terrorism in the name of defending “national unity and territorial integrity.”

The CGPI not seek political power for himself. It is organized around the objective of securing power in the hands of the working class and oppressed.

All members of the fixed line and tasks of the party in Congress, which is the highest. The Congress elects the Central Committee to implement the line and perform all the tasks until the next Congress is convened.

The foundation of the CGPI is in its grassroots organizations in factories, workplaces, Mohall, chawls, towns and college campuses – the essential components of the class struggle.

The leading Party organizations at all levels. Party work is carried out based on the principle of collective decision making and individual responsibility.

The CGPI is committed to developing India’s revolutionary theory, a theory that emerges from the conditions of India and suitable for the development of communism here. We invite all the communists and enlightened minds to contribute to this work of theory, based on material balance and rich Indian thought the experience of the labor movement, from the present.

CGPI work is based on the theoretical principles of Marxism-Leninism and guided by contemporary Marxist-Leninist thought. Contemporary Marxist-Leninist thought is the sum, taken generally, the experience of the application of Marxism-Leninism to the conditions of the socialist revolution and socialist construction, the fight against modern revisionism and capitalist restoration, against fascism, militarism, imperialism and medievalism. It is not the final form of Marxism-Leninism in the economy, empowerment of the people and democratic renewal of India.

Come all who are concerned about the fate of the people, our ancient civilization! We will raise the banner of liberation, of profound changes underway! We will build the RUF on this program to fight!

Revolution is our right and duty. To fight for democratic renewal of India is the immediate task.

Let us together take up this task so that the crisis may end and opened the door for the advancement of society!

Inquilaab Zindabad!

CGPI: Condemn state repression of farmers

The Communist Ghadar Party of India condemns the brutal repression unleashed by the state against the farmers of village Bhatta-Parsaul in Greater Noida, and in several other villages along the proposed expressway connecting Delhi via NOIDA to Agra and Aligarh.

Already four people have died, and dozens injured. A reign of terror unleashed by the UP PAC in these villages. Hundreds have been arrested. Entire villages have become empty of menfolk – (either because they have fled fearing repression, or because they have been arrested). The women in the villages are complaining of molestation at the hands of the paramilitary forces.

The farmers are protesting against the way their land has been acquired, and the rates they have been given. It is their right to protest, and the workers and peasants of the whole country are waging a long standing struggle against state terror as well as forcible acquisition of lands.

The question of acquiring land for the expressway is a political problem which needs to be solved harmoniously, through political means. There is no place for the use of state terror in addressing this question.

Location
NOIDA, Uttar Pradesh
India

Communist Ghadar Party of India (CGPI): Video of May Day 2011 Celebrations in Delhi, India