Category Archives: Kurdistan

MLKP: The Turkish bourgeois state made a massacre in Kurdistan with fighter aircraft

01 January 2012 /International Bureau / Stament No: 58

The colonialist fascist regime committed a new massacre in Roboski village of Uludere district in Kurdistan on December 28 with F-16 fighter aircrafts. 35 Kurdish poor peasants who lives on cross-border small commerce between Southern and Northern Kurdistan have been assassinated in a planned and organised manner as a part of the attack against the Kurdish freedom movement. Those killed in the massacre were young Kurdish people between the age of 12 and 28.

The colonialist state that had hidden the civil massacres by the counter-guerrilla after 1990 has been caught red-handed this time, because it carried out this massacre with the unmanned war vehicles and fighter aircraft. Most of the young Kurds killed in the massacre carries the same surname. Therefore, the AKP government was not able to pass over or hide this massacre by presenting it as the punishment of some ” PKK terrorists” or an accident.
Since the general elections in 2011, the war government of AKP continues with the total liquidation attack against the Kurdish freedom movement through dirty war methods. These attacks do not only target the guerrilla forces but also the Kurdish open organisations, Kurdish journalists, lawyers, elected majors and artists. At the moment there are 12 thousands of political prisoners in the prisons of Turkey. Moreover, in addition to setting the forests on fire, eviction of villages and forcing the population to immigration through hydroelectric power plants and by using the earthquake in Wan, the colonialist regime started to utilise from the massacre of civil peasants.

The Kurdish labouring peasants were targeted, because the political and military army of the national resistance is formed by the poor Kurdish youth, labourers and women of the urban and rural areas. Through this massacre, they openly threaten the Kurdish people and try to intimidate them. The Uludere massacre is a new massacre that has been included in the list of hundreds of massacres carried out in Kurdistan by the colonialist forces until now. This massacre has alarmed and created a great anger and pain among the Kurdish people and labourers and the Turkish communist and revolutionary forces. Huge and effective protest movements in all parts of our region target the war government of AKP and the fascist Turkish bourgeois army and put them in a difficult situation.

Our party MLCP has called upon all its forces to increase the fight against colonialism and the dirty war in all political and military fields in face of this crime against humanity, these psychological and dirty war policies carried out by the colonialist fascist regime under the support of the EU and US imperialists.

Our Kurdish people and the guerrilla forces have lost 40 thousand people in the guerrilla war and the serhildan struggles and millions of Kurds were organised and became a political army. Today the achievements and the products of the national freedom struggle is under the siege of imperialist and the colonialist regime. In our region of Anatolia and Mesopotamia, the revolutionary movement and the Kurdish freedom movement is getting organised and growing their action in order to fight back this liquidation attack through united revolutionary struggle.

MLCP called upon the international revolutionary and communist movement, international revolutionary circles and platforms, parties, organisations, groups and individuals who are part of this movement in each country to raise their protest and increase their action against the colonialist fascist regime that provokes war in the Middle East and climbs the dirty war in our country. Let’s take action in front of the embassies of the Turkish bourgeois state. Let’s protest the Turkish Prime Minister, government and the President through telephone, fax, e-mail and similar methods and call them to give up the attacks.
The Kurdish people are not alone!

Long live the international unity of struggle of the proletariat and the peoples!

EMEP: Provincial congresses completed


Who died in the struggle for working-class revolutionaries special honor for the opening speech of the President of the EMEP Istanbul Provincial Trust In fact, the language of the discourses of democracy, the AKP government’s reduction in its policies and vice versa, he said. Who want democracy, for freedom, everyone who is opposed tutuklandığına remarkable fact, noted that 5 thousand prisoners BDP’linin.

The AKP’s own country to bring democracy to neighboring countries which claim to democracy, freedom bombs on the Kurdish people who want real yağdırdığını that the AKP government adopted it as its task to protect the interests of the imperialist powers in the region said.

Vandal’s organize

And workers to increase with each passing day that the attacks against the real, asked to be removed from severance pay, flexible working and asked to apply to the regional minimum wage, he added. In fact, urban renewal and public housing also said that the problem will grow.

All these attacks against the workers, the public-laborers, women, young people and stressed that they have to organize the public the real, the People’s Democratic Congress (NGO) also noted that it is a tool.

Attacks against the Kurdish people but also for workers pointed out that fact, “Anyone who says this is why labor must go with the Kurdish problem,” he said.

SHOULD unite

“In our country, a battle which lasted for 30 years, workers, working people, a bomb on them sending their children to the mountains, who lead the AKP government are faced with,” said Leather-Binali Thai Business Tuzla branch president, said the arrest of freedom, those who want to special prosecutors.

Workers, public workers and Thai people who note that the merger of the squares, Bell and leather workers in trade unions because they are SAVRANOGLU telling their troubles, “I just lived in them for using their constitutional rights. So need to unite, “he said.

Branch Manager Training You No. 2 in the Hasan Soil public sector workers and workers must unite, the contribution of EMEP’in it said it would be great.

Councillor Ibrahim Dogan Kartal Municipality of Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality and also warned the people of urban transformation.


Sabri Topcu, Deputy Chairman of the EMEP, 12 September, the slaughter of thousands of people recalling the name of democracy, “the problem of the system, the layout problem. Article 82, but Sept. 12 changed the Constitution, the laws have not changed. This is why the problem system problem, “he said.

Imperialism would have left their children in case of continuation of such attacks is a beautiful language in the world will not bring artillery, for the people, brought together in a common struggle of the workers should be organized, he said. Artillery, “the class has to make policy for the power of workers. There is only one correct. EMEP is right also. Wherever we were, let’s policy, the party, let us explain to the public, “he said.


Following the speeches of the delegates took the floor guest.

“I started to work as child labor in textile, taken from school at age 12. I was a young woman, I became the mother of textile workshops. Managers bosses have lost my child because of the pressure, the hospital’s been left alone in front of the time, I realized I should have thought about and organized. I joined the Labour Party of such “idea Akgul said textile workers, 5 women murdered each day goes, every year 80 thousand workers spent in work accidents, recorded live in a country where thousands of workers. Akgul, “a working shipyard worker falls jetty, divers searching for it finds the body of another worker. Disorganization such a thing. Even when you have no idea of ​​the happens. EMEP’te organized for it to be meaningful, “he said. 10 trade union formed by the Union Platform Emphasizing the importance of trade union power Union Akgul, “the districts of the trade unions of workers, kıraathanelerine, tea is not going olacaklarına, the opposition can not be birleşmiyorsa with the NGO,” he said. Akgul, EMEP’in said that the first duty should be to organize the women.


EMEP’te is organized for many years, the party who said that school is a dock worker Ali Dogan, “If you are going to be graduating and working as Memet Kılınçaslan olabilmeliyim party,” he said.

The bosses at Tuzla shipyards in reducing the number of workers, Yalova not stop moving the deaths that Dogan, arise where the trade unions with workers ‘struggle, workers’ caucuses and the road next to the workers when there is a problem, he said.

Dogan, Universal newspaper without reading the discussion be done daily, every worker should be taught in the Universal said.

Universal Culture Magazine Editorial Director Nuray Sancar, said the work carried out within EMEP’in intellectuals.

Hunter Revolution lawyer criticized the AKP Government policies regarding women.

Onur Aydin, speaking on behalf of Labour Youth, young people under the umbrella organization of the party struggles to büyüteceklerini said.


Sayyed, who spoke on behalf of the EMEP Istanbul Provincial Organisation Leo gave his speech made the following statements: “The Prime Minister apologized to the people of Dersim. The Prime Minister today that region is cut off people’s suffering knows and them knowing that the apostle of democracy. This is really no excuse for the war policies of the last gonna wish it, to stop the fighter jets, 5 thousand BDP’li politicians free to leave. CHP also have to confront its own history, in the eyes of the AKP fails to do what you do not go one step further in the eyes of the Dersimis. Discharged in the struggle for survival as thousands of workers coming from the village give metropolises. Today, the PKK announced that the workers are being resisted union recognition. It divides the workers at the factory boss. This is why the unions to resolve the Kurdish problem peacefully and on the basis of equality must be a party.”

Those in attendance

Leather-Business Tuzla branch president of the Congress Binali Thai, Harb-business Anatolian Side Branch President Hussein over, Cooperative Thesis No. 5 Branch President-Business Rabia Özkaraca, Road No. 1 Branch-Business President Michael Arcan, the Haber-1 No. ‘lu Branch President Ahmet Karatay, Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality and the City of Eagle Councillor Ibrahim Dogan, President of Branch No. 1 of all Bel-Sen Kadri Sword, No. 2 Branch Manager Training You Hasan soil, EMO, Haber-Sen, the SES Sisli Branch managers also attended.



Organization of the Labour Party in Izmir Province, 6 Congress made the day before the local Victims of Ataturk Stadium Referees. EMEP and EMEP, Deputy Chairman of the General President of the Selma Gurkan Varlı’nın Abdullah also attended the congress, in resisting the demands of the workers took part in SAVRANOGLU and Hugo Boss.

Who participated in the resistance and the concentration of establishments sendikalaşan new congress hall, hung, “Imperialism and the War Against Business, Peace, Freedom” and “not be American Shield” drew attention to the signs.

In his opening speech the President of Congress in Izmir Province Jabbar blacksmith, who teach the AKP’s mercy even in periods of the junta, told everyone to pay obeisance to inhibit. Smith, chauvinism, as the winds of democratic forces in Izmir estirilmeye attempted, to do propaganda for peace and brotherhood, he added.


President of the rostrum chanting slogans from the EMEP Selma Gurkan, acquired rights of the working class all over the world to speak with the crisis began by telling how they received. In Turkey, the dismissals, showing the effect of overtime and slavery working conditions of workers to organize activities to the crisis, stating that in the Gurkan, the working class should be organized as a political or vested rights of the working class at the first time gasbedeceğini stressed the rise of the bourgeoisie. The only way to starting your own power, the working class, union with the Kurdish people’s struggle for freedom and unity of faith to other parts of society, he said. Every segment of society trying to put pressure on the AKP government said Gurkan, “trying to give the Kurds and Alevis setting. Trade unionists trying to parse. Arresting intellectuals. Izmir municipality and trade unionists in the operation, the Prime Minister’s apology in Dersim, the AKP’s ‘I want to Izmir and Dersim’ must düşünmememiz serzenişinden independent, “he said. Democratic Peoples’ Congress (NGO) formed by touching on the importance of unity Gurkan, the words “If you fail to be together, baby Ryan, Ugur Kaymaz and Ceylan Önkol’a conscience that can not pay our debts,” he concluded.

‘Combine the power of the AKP stop’

BDP Council Member Hayri Fever Party, evaluated the developments in the international arena, the AKP government in Turkey through the struggle for democracy and freedom of expression has been asked to being closed. Prime Minister’s apology evaluating Dersim Fire, “the AKP government, has to face in the 80-year history of the republic. Because Dersim, the Kurdish question, and that denial is a product of politics can not be assessed independently. Lighted in the dark on this, “he said.

‘Trade union struggles SİYASALLAŞMALI’

Single Food-Business Advisor to the Governor General Gursel, Kose, adopt the Kurdish problem in these situations, capital, language, religion and attacked anyone regardless of race, he said. “That’s Hugo Boss and SAVRANOGLU resisting. But this fight siyasallaşmalıdır. The trade unions, labor organizations, may be peace without entering into the work? “Said Kose, combative trade union power of trade unions came together and formed a union that fights for the Union, not only economic demands, but also women’s, youth, the environment will fight against the invasion is noted in many fields, such as . Leather-Business Branch Chairman of Maku Alagoz, workers, women, Kurds, Alevis, is the problem of students and unite themselves to the problem by asking what other workers stressed the need for unification. Ramis, Scott BES Izmir Branch President, highlighted the importance of combining political struggle with the trade union struggle.

The speech in resisting WORKERS

Resistance and the Hugo Boss factory in front of the sacked workers Gülten Genghis, the constitutional rights for the use of trade union rights are not unionized jobs have been booted, and now the interior in the direction of his friends said applied pressure.

Aydin Gençaslan SAVRANOGLU workers, the new boss wants to go to get compensation from them, saying, “We passed the size of the work material, we want to work decently. Each one of us with asthma, bronchitis, diseases such as I have. Women have children but treatment can be friends. We live in what era? “He said.

Schneider succeeded in unionization in the working Cihan workers, the next tasks in the industrial region of Cigli organize unorganized workplaces, he said.

DEU AUDIO Workplace Representative Gunseli Ugur, only the right to health care workers gasbedilmediğinden, speaking of the decree law of privatization in health, he said the last strokes.

UNION emphasis came to the fore

NGO Delegate Semra Uzunok Izmir, this congress is a way of salvation, and all the oppressed against the AKP-CHP said they are not without options, it is everyone’s duty to strengthen the unity, he said.

Spokesman of the period in Barka EGEÇEP Ertugrul, he is an American magazine, read an article about Arab baharıyla began by telling. Determinations by Labor Party there, said he wrote much earlier, “So this party, to interpret the world and Turkey. Environment is also the right of the struggle of this party is still here. Capital, energy resources, and the waters are attacking. However, this can not continue like this, “he said.

The Executive Board Member Ozer is EGEÇEP Akdemir, local environmental resistance trapped in the platform must be bridged and HDK’nin revealed a very important opportunity in this regard, he said. Poet and Author, Asim Gonen, buluşturulması art should be pointed out that the class struggle. (Izmir / UNIVERSAL)




Labour Party (EMEP), “Imperialism and the War Against Business, Peace, Freedom” launched şiarıyla and conference process was completed in Ankara.

EMEP Ankara Provincial Organization 6 Congress of South Stage Yilmaz was the day before. The AKP government’s policies and the war continued, both inside and outside workers announced that they would fight for the all-out attack against the laws.
“No to war, long live the brotherhood of peoples”, “Business, peace, freedom” slogans from a large number of trade union congress, was the guest of the democratic mass organizations and political party leaders.

In his opening speech, Deputy Chairman of the EMEP Haydar Kaya, drew attention to the hypocritical attitude of the AKP carried out over the Dersim. Kumar, “Erdogan said Dersimis apologized, today the people of Dersim, continues to rain bombs on the Kurds,” he said.

‘WAR bill paying Workers’

Ankara Provincial Chairman of the EMEP Sağdıç Principle of Light, the AKP government has expressed okuttuğunu grace period of September 12. Government and domestic politics, and foreign policy that uses the language of war Sağdıç, called on to fight together against the politics of war.

Referring to discussions of paid military Sağdıç, 30 thousand dollar bill for the war policies of non-poor people’s children would have to pay with their lives, he added.

Referring to the light on women’s murders, murders of women struggle against the work, bread, drew attention to the importance of presenting the freedom struggle.

Countries in the world and the bankruptcy of capitalism that says Ankara Provincial Co-Chair of the BDP Vuranok Meral, in search of new market capitalism is targeting the Kurds, he said. Now, “I wonder whether today was nobody,” but, “How many people were taken,” he came to a state that asks Vuranok, believed in freedom, peace and called on all forces to fight together.

AKP KHK’lerle function of the Assembly expressed the CAP Provincial Board Member Arif finished Basa, said there were an open lawlessness. Organized attack against the forces of law stated that the Basa, the answer could only be said that the organized forces.

CALL unions

Organized Industrial Zone in Xinjiang working metal worker Unaldı War, touched on the rights gaspları and layoffs. Unaldı, trade unions, “the boss of organized industrial zones, everything between the two lips. Come here to start work, we also let you, “he made the call.

Universal Newspaper, Sultan Özer Ankara representative, the workers and working people taking power through which the growing Evrensel’in difficult process in the country was becoming more and more important, he said. Under the pressure of the organs of power in almost all the newspapers and the press spokesman of the government stating that they are becoming Ozer, Evrensel’in more laborers to be taught to read and made the call. Sağdıç re-elected president of the provincial elections held in the light of Policy. (London / Universal)




Eskisehir Province before the Labor Youth Organization convention, congress delegates and conducted a walk Pandora Wedding Hall, accompanied by slogans.

Speaking on behalf of the management board of the Congress President Abraham Akgun Eskisehir Province, workers and laborers taken mangle, oppression and exploitation increased with each passing day, the shadow of imperialism created the climate of war and the growing chauvinism, work, peace and freedom in the provincial congress in şiarıyla gerçekleştirdiklerini said.

Organising Secretary of the United Fuat Fabric, Metal-strike from the Labor Party and Universal periods in Eskisehir and the other provinces, the newspaper constantly reminding them that they, too, would be with them always stressed that the Labour Party and the Universal newspaper.

6 Organisation of Aydin Province Congress, EMEP, Deputy Chairman Abdullah Varli were present. Many political parties and democratic mass organization representatives attended the congress. Newly elected president of the provincial Attorney Advisor Hicran.

Chairman of the Provincial Congress, a new provincial organization Kirsehir Hasan Altınşık, şiarını all the people in the party congress called on to fight to accomplish more.



Organisation, the speeches delivered in Mersin Province has come forward calls to unity and struggle.

130 days left behind the direnişleriyle Mersin port workers attended the congress. Nedim Koroglu participating in the congress, Deputy Chairman of EMEP, the AKP government period, unemployment, poverty, hunger, said they were facing more attacks such as a raise. Education and health, which expressed to customize the Koroglu, the government now says the severance indemnity diktiğini eye. Referring to Prime Minister Erdogan’s Dersim özrüne Koroglu, “Kurdish problem is the problem of Dersim. No one örtmemeli the top. Apology or something it would not work. The identity of the Kurdish people, culture, mother tongue, is the value of everything he recognizes an apology, “he said.

Van after the earthquake in the urban transformation of government, providing lesson where it stated that proponents of rent Koroglu, “it is used for urban regeneration. Now, with the Decree çıkarıyorlar laws without asking anyone. The result of this, “he said.


Speaking at the congress in Port Worker November Kilic, said not enough support for the ongoing resistance of the port has called for unity. Previous resistance, unions, political parties that had seen them more Sword, Port-Business, criticized the attitude. Addressing the Turkish-Business management, Sword, “There are a lot of Kurdish workers. Whether a day is a pattern of unfair to the Kurds. Peace in the fraternity, as well. Damn you, such as the head of the confederation, “he said.




Member of the EMEP GYK İlbay Ilhan, Gaziantep Provincial Congress in his speech pointed out that the global economic crisis.

Greece, Italy, to rescue the situation after the crises of the imperial states, and until yesterday they received a common attitude of democracy, elections, such as the words were uttered, but the order for the protection of the public will forget everything in two days left unchecked governments, the governments were left technocrat.

Fenugreek Fenugreek strike lasted 74 days old worker, Mehmet Celik recalled, “He knew that after the strike, reach a point, only the working class by fighting within the law. This is why working class of Turkey will never sacrifice the power struggle, “he said.

Speaking on behalf of the youth labor Sezin Ugur, youth riots took place in the world and in Turkey, but Turkey, noting that this situation occurs very unorganized manner, all segments of the youth around their own demands of organized labor in his youth called for a fight.




6 organization EMEP Adana Province Altıhan music hall was the usual convention. Speaking at the congress, President of the Seville City Tool, the AKP trying to intimidate the opposition and said that war against each segment. Adana, anti-democratic practices are widespread in the tool that transfers, in every action, the sound is cut and the penalties that everyone said that these groups are asked to be kept under pressure and called for struggle against oppression.




The Labour Party Kayseri 6 Hall of the Provincial Congress, Provincial Directorate of Culture was the usual. Approximately 150 people attended the Provincial Congress, delegate of the NGO Tacer Isaac, Egitim-Sen Branch Chairman Unsal Sadat, Haci Bektas-i Veli Association President Kenan Akpinar, Kayseri Province Alevi Cultural Centre and SDP President Sadat Arrow Representative Armanç Lightning also made a speech.

Text metal worker who spoke at the congress Stars, “I make prayer, worship as a Muslim I am a worker makes. AKP supposedly defending Islam, but ‘give workers the right to sweat dries.’ Called even if it does not fit. Theirs Müslümanlıksa, I communists,” he said.

Labor Party Member of GYK Aslandogan Jacob, the Wall Street invasions, Europe, strikes and riots in the Arab world should be read correctly, in the light of developments in all of Turkey’s oppressed segments of the parties to act together HDK’yı care about the request, he said.

After speeches of the delegates, the annual report and financial report, unanimously acquitted, the elections were made available. Provincial elections held re-elected as President Ismet Gümüşoluk. EMEP’in Kayseri Provincial Administration occurred the following names: Ismet Gümüşoluk, Adile Flower, Action Sarioglu Aslandogan, Metin Yıldız, Murat Arpaci, Hope Eagle, Veli Sahin.


Marxist-Leninist Communist Party (Turkey): The duty of defending the Kurdish freedom movement has international character!

23 October 2011 / International Bureau / Statement No: 57

The Turkish bourgeois state represented by the AKP (1) government has been choked by the heavy losses resulting from the extensive guerrilla operation of the HPG (2) units on October 19. What they try to conceal under the oaths of revenge, racist provocations, lynching attempts and bringing the bourgeois media to line through the briefing of Prime Minister Erdogan is the reality that the denial and assimilation policy has suffered a heavy defeat once more in front of the Kurdish freedom movement.

Right after the general elections, the Turkish bourgeois state had put the total war plan called “new concept of war” into operation against the Kurdish freedom movement. Within the context of this wave of attacks, the Turkish colonialist fascism, the reactionary states of the region and the imperialist forces carried out important negotiations directly related to the Middle East politics, including the deployment of the NATO antimissile shield in Turkey. While the military operations, predominantly in the form of air attacks, continue in Southern and Northern Kurdistan uninterruptedly, they try to intimidate the Kurdish people through the attacks of extensive and massive arrest and imprisonments against its democratic organisations and cadres.

Within the same context, 7 fighters including Rustem Cudi, member of the Council of KCK (3) , and Cicek Botan and Aliser Kocgiri, members of the Military Council of HPG, were killed in an air attack against the guerrilla zones of Xakurke and Xinere in Southern Kurdistan on October 10. This massacre, which was carried out under the technological support of imperialism and Zionism, and the on-going preparations of the Turkish colonialist army for a land operation were responded by the HPG with the Operation of Martyr Cicek on October 19. HPG announced that 81 soldiers were killed and tens of soldiers were injured in the operation against 18 different military targets in and around Cukurca.

Being one of the most extensive operations carried out so far by the Kurdish guerrilla forces, the Cukurca operation is a turning point for the latest military-political expedition of AKP. The “new war concept”, too, has failed in face of the resistance of the Kurdish people based on the guerrilla and the serhildans (4). The discord in the ranks of the Turkish bourgeoisie about the possibility of solving the Kurdish question by military methods has deepened even further.

Among the Turkish workers and labourers, there is a developing tendency for peace and a reaction against the fact that their sons are being garbed in military uniforms and sent to die in attacks of occupation, of which they have no benefit. This tendency has not yet turned into the conscious of defending a just peace on the basis of the democratic solution of the Kurdish question; however, the demand of “stopping the blood shed” is growing. Although the Turkish bourgeois state tries to suffocate and disable this demand through media manipulation and lynching provocations, the demand for peace has inevitably taken its place in the agenda of the Turkish workers and labourers and this will undoubtedly turn into the conscious and action of democratic and just peace as a result of the struggle of the progressive and revolutionary forces.

It is a duty of international character to defend the Kurdish freedom movement which is one of the important centres of resistance in the world in such period where the armed resistance forces through ideological, political and military attacks are tried to be liquidated and the people’s rebellions and the resistances from North Africa to Europe and from Asia to Latin America are tried to be manipulated and suffocated. The operation for the liquidation of PKK (5) and the Kurdish freedom movement is a covert NATO operation. In this sense, solidarity with the Kurdish freedom movement means resistance against the imperialist terror organisation NATO. It means resistance against the Middle East policies of the USA and Israel. It means resistance against the ideological and political attacks claiming that the peoples, the working class and the labourers have no will and power to make history.

We call upon all the progressive, revolutionary and the communist forces of the world to keep alive the memory of the immortal martyrs of the Kurdish freedom movement, to stand against the military operations of the colonialist fascism supported by the US and other imperialist forces and to defend the Kurdish people’s organisations which are exposed to political genocide through arrest and imprisonments.

We salute the operation of Cukurca by HPG, who, using their right to resist against the colonialist yoke, oppression and violence, carried out this action in memory of the martyrs of Xakurke-Xinere against the preparations of the colonialist fascist Turkish state for land operation.

We salute with great respect the martyrs of the Kurdish freedom movement in the name of our comrades-in-arm Rustem Cudi, Cicek Botan and Aliser Kocgiri, the dedicated guerrilla commanders, each of whom have many years of experience in war, and the 4 HPG fighters and the 7 immortal fighter who turned into martyrs in the operation of Cukurca. Their memories will live forever in the free, democratic and just peace of the Turkish and Kurdish people, in the victory of the Kurdish people’s freedom movement and in the victory of socialism in our region.

Rustem Cudi, Cicek Botan, Aliser Kocgiri and the martyrs of freedom of the Kurdish people are immortal!

Down with the colonialist fascist dictatorship! Peace, equality, brotherhood and freedom for the Kurdish nation!


1) Justice and Development Party

2) People’s Defence Forces (HPG) are the armed forces of the PKK.

3) Kurdistan Democratic Confederation

4) ‘Uprising’ in Kurdish language. This word has become a symbol for the Kurdish people’s mass uprisings, such as the meaning of ‘intifada’ for the Palestinian liberation movement.

5) Kurdistan Workers’ Party


Marxist-Leninist Communist Party: Chemical Massacre at Kazan Valley

Through a statement made on October 30, the Central Command of HPG (1) announced that the colonialist fascist Turkish army has carried out a chemical massacre. Following the Martyr Cicek Revolutionary Operation of HPG on October 19 in Cukurca, the Turkish army had launched extensive air attacks and military conflicts in Geliyê Tiyarê (Kazan Valley) on October 22-25. After the military operations, it was announced that there are 24 bodies at the morgue of Forensic Medicine Institute of Malatya. A delegation of BDP (2) members and human rights activists went to Malatya for investigations, where they announced that the bodies are unrecognisable.

HPG cleared the situation by its statement on October 30. According to the statement, they suffered disconnection with their units in the region consisting of 35 guerrillas. It has turned out that 24 of them turned into martyrs and their bodies are in the morgue of Malatya. There is no connection at the moment with the other 11. HPG stated that they have not clarified which 24 of the 35 guerrillas have been definitely killed and taken to Malatya, so they decided to announce the identities of 35 guerrillas: Mizbah Kızıler, Ali Hasan Pervizi, Cevdet Örtaş, Sultaneli Julide, Behice Bedro, Giyasettin Kaval, Şilan Ergün, Minnan İsmail Akkaş, İkram Kara, Çetin Modanlar, Saniye Mustafa, Geylani Reşidi, İpek Çiçek, Suna Özdemir, Gülistan Koç, Ebru Muhikancı, Ayşe Amra, Derviş Özkan, Leyla Halimi, Emine Altun, Oktay Çelik, Ahmet Mirza, Aziz Balıkçı, Sezar Arslan, Gulale Yusufi, Cemil Erol, Reşat Aslan, Enver Akçay, Mahmut Bor, Abdurrahman Enüştekin, Ümit Ramazani, Sevcan Algünerhan, Bereket Aşan, Aynur Kırbaş, Belkız Yeşilyurt.

HPG also informed that the Turkish army, after failing at breaking the resistance of the guerrilla forces, intensified its attack with Cobra helicopters, howitzers and mortars and used napalm bombs, and the HPG units who made investigations in the region found signs of use of chemical weapons. After the announcement, some of the martyrs’ families went to Malatya to identify their sons and daughters. 15 of them could not identify the bodies since some of the heads were cut off and the bodies were destroyed. One of the martyrs, Ebru Muhikancı was sent to eternity on the same day by more than one thousand people including some MPs of BDP.

A delegation of IHD (3) and BDP members went to Kazan Valley for investigations about the use of chemical weapons.


1) People’s Defence Forces (HPG) are the armed forces of the PKK

2) Peace and Democracy Party. Party of Democratic Society (DTP), the legal and legitimate party of the Kurdish national struggle, was banned and closed down by the Turkish burgeois state in November 2009. After that, BDP was established as an expression of the will of the Kurdish people in this field.

3) Human Rights Association

EMEP: The Country is still governed with the zeal of a diktat!

We left behind a referendum campaign full of lies, threats and dirty tricks, forced on the people by the AKP (Justice and Development Party) government, and resulted in a patchwork style amended constitution which was originally imposed by the 1980 military coup. In an effort to strengthen its own power and assert its status quo this government, which represents the repressive and exploitative capitalist order, managed to get people’s approval for its amendments on the constitution. In order to maintain its rule for another term the government manipulated people’s aspiration for democracy and change. For the same purpose, they initiated discussions for preparing a new constitution. Yet, after the referendum country’s same immediate problems and need for democratisation remain to be resolved, not by the AKP government or the forces of the bourgeois order but by the initiative and intervention of the workers and the working people.

Constitutional amendments did not receive the support of the majority.

The AKP government, its supporters and the bourgeois media in its service have portrayed the referendum results as a big success with popular support, with some going as far as to say that the people have seized power.

Despite government’s propaganda based on dirty tricks, threats, lies and manipulation only 58% of the voters voted Yes, with a remaining 42% saying No, and 23% of the electorates not participating. This explains why in the eyes of the public this constitutional amendment, which was initiated by an illegitimate government and parliament, would not be considered legitimate because it did not get the approval of a reasonable majority. The fact that those who did not seek public consultations for their amendments and who subjugated people by use of power and money call these referendum results as a manifestation of “free will” shows how barefaced and zealous they are for a diktat.

It is not a case, as suggested, of higher level of democracy or popular gains.

There have always been discussions about our country’s democratisation problems and, in conjunction with this, the need for a new and democratic constitution. However the changes proposed through the referendum of 12 September were not concerned with any of this. Demands from the workers for the urgent need for democracy were not regarding how the members of the Constitutional Court or of the Board of Judges and Public Prosecutors would be elected. These were the demands of the power hungry AKP and capitalists seeking full hegemony and stability.

These arrangements would, without a doubt, serve further unbridled and aggressive exploitation, through a plundering and ranting system. Yet, the masses demand for democratisation were evident in many fields: removing obstacles to political and trade union organisations of workers; a constitutional guarantee for the demands of the Kurdish people regarding their identity, language and equal rights; a genuine secular state ending discrimination on and manipulation of the freedom of religion and conscience. Unless these demands are met it will not be possible to talk about a democratisation process. For this reason, this referendum did not contribute to the democratisation process or the improvement of people’s conditions. The winner is the repressive and reactionary capitalist rule and as long as the AKP government is ruling, a popular gain will not be possible.

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PCOF: Polemic on the Gulf War

Polemic from La Forge, January 1-15, 1992

“Polemic.” A lively general debate between different or contradictory ideas and positions.

Polemics serve to make dynamic the exchange of points of view, to submit them to close criticism, to advance correct ideas. It requires the taking seriously of the points of view which it is proposed to criticize, and excludes all anathema, distortion or simplification. This is our ambition in today beginning this column in our paper. It will deal particularly with political and ideological questions… concerning the positions of the parties and organizations which consider themselves Marxist-Leninist. These differences are known by all those who have access to the publications of the parties, that is to say, they are widely known publicly (especially by the bourgeoisie!). They coexist without a real public polemic having been engaged in by the Marxist-Leninist parties and organizations, with the goal of clarifying, deepening and finally arriving at correct formulations. We have assessed that this situation is all the more harmful because today it is more than ever necessary to revive Marxism-Leninism, to go over the criteria with the fine-toothed comb of experience and to submit them to the fire of practice and of the actual development of the class struggle on a national and international level.

For a long time it has been the custom within what is called the international communist movement (a notion that, in itself, deserves a full analysis) of “not displaying our differences an front of the class enemy.” The result: the class enemy knows perfectly well these differences while the parties prohibit public polemics among themselves. This attitude has contributed to a certain sclerosis of Marxism-Leninism, of which one can today measure the dangers and the damage. It has also been able to create a certain extra distance between the parties which consider themselves Marxist-Leninist and all those who are interested in Marxism-Leninism, for whom Marxism-Leninism is a reference, but who, for different reasons, are not members of a Marxist-Leninist party.

We begin this column with an article about the differences that appeared concerning the Gulf war.

Polemic Concerning the Gulf War

The “new world order” is being built with fire and blood. The war in the Gulf has been a macabre illustration. The “war itself” was nothing other than a slaughter, with aerial bombardments of towns, of Iraqi soldiers buried alive by U.S. bulldozers. The Iraqi population is the principle victim of the blockade that the great powers are continuing to carry out against this country which has been destroyed economically.

This war has led to the taking of different positions among the forces and parties that consider themselves Marxist-Leninist. These differences are essentially about the attitude to adopt towards the regime of Saddam Hussein.

The first one advocates support to this regime against the imperialist coalition. [Translator’s note: the text here has a bad typo, saying “the anti-imperialist coalition.”] It stems from the idea that the policies and actions of S. Hussein weaken the world imperialist system by damaging the interests of the great imperialist powers, particularly those of American imperialism. It is the reaction of these imperialist powers themselves that, according to the partisans of support for S. Hussein, furnish proof of the correctness of their position. This support is presented as a tactic comparable to that of the CPSU during the time of Lenin and Stalin, when the Bolsheviks supported Sultan Kabous of Afghanistan against the imperialist powers of that time, particularly England.

We have defended a different position, taking as our target the imperialist coalition and working to develop a popular opposition to this reactionary war, without creating illusions about the regime of S. Hussein and therefore without calling for supporting him.

The existence of these differences has, among other consequences, made it practically impossible to carry out a coordinated action of the Marxist-Leninist forces. But if we return to this question today, it is because this problem will inevitably arise again. In effect, the “new order” of world imperialism is characterized by a profound disruption of the relationship of forces, of alliances and of zones of influence among the imperialist powers.

The breaking up of the USSR, the deepening of the crisis in the world capitalist imperialist system which is functioning at present along one model (symbolized by the notion of a “market economy”) is sharpening the contradictions among the different imperialist countries, between the imperialist countries and the less developed capitalist countries. The end to the bi-polarization of USA-USSR is disrupting the zones of influence and is creating “voids”. These provide opportunities for the imperialist states to redraw or consolidate their zones of influence, and for capitalist countries with a certain economic and military development to cut out a regional zone of influence. This is necessarily done against the interests of other states, particularly against those of the imperialist powers, but still within the framework of the imperialist system. This is the case, among others, of Turkey, India, Brazil, China… This is what S. Hussein dreamed of realizing in annexing the petroleum riches of Kuwait, which would have increased his economic and military power within this strategic region of the planet (major petroleum deposits and main known petroleum reserves). He could believe that the imperialists would let him do it. The USSR and France had over-armed him during eight years of the reactionary war with Iran, and the USA had given proof of a great understanding in this regard (see insert).

That his calculations failed and that he served up on a silver platter a pretext for the imperialists to intervene and break his back, does not change the problem at all as to knowing what interests S. Hussein was pursuing in annexing Kuwait.

To this question we answer: that of a bourgeois who aspires to a bigger piece of the pie, of a bourgeois who wants to have a greater share within the framework of the world imperialist system.

Iraq is a link in the imperialist chain, a country largely dependent on the imperialist great powers, particularly in the domain of the supply of arms, but also in the economic plane (imports of agricultural products, construction of means of communications…). The Iraqi bourgeoisie aspires, as does every bourgeoisie, to develop itself and to exercise its domination, at first regionally. The instrument of its politics is a militarist and police state and the only party in power: the Baath party. As so many other regimes in Africa and the Middle East, it has kept a socialistic speech, basing itself on a real economic development, a social politics particularly in the realm of the struggle against illiteracy and on the secular character of the state. Compared to the reactionary, obscurantist and corrupt regimes in the region, it could have passed all the more easily as a “progressive” regime which had the support of the USSR. But its class nature is openly manifested in two areas:

– The policy of brutal repression against the opposition of the left. In 1978, S. Hussein distanced himself from the USSR in order to draw closer to the emirs of the Gulf with the hope of playing the role of gendarme in the region in place of Egypt (discredited by its policy of conciliation with regard to Israel). So it eliminated the militants of the Iraqi CP. The prisons are full of opponents, particularly those who opposed the Iran-Iraq war. The Kurdish population has been the victim of many military operations, including, in 1988, the use of poison gas.

– The policy of military aggression against Iran, ordered and sustained by the imperialist powers who wanted to liquidate the anti-imperialist struggle of the Iranian masses. At that moment in 1980, the struggle in Iran between the anti-imperialist forces and the reactionary mullahs had not yet been settled. S. Hussein played the role of the military arm of imperialism. That war plunged the Iraqi people into misery, and served to squelch every form of internal struggle.

Among the reasons which S. Hussein had to invade Kuwait, there is clear evidence of the desire to divert the anger of the Iraqi population weary after eight years of war, of deprivations and of the absence of democracy. The popular surge on which S. Hussein counted did not take place, far from it. The imperialists by means of their barbaric war, the economic blockade and all their interference after the military phase (particularly in Kurdistan), have in the final analysis contributed to maintaining the regime of S. Hussein, preventing a democratic, progressive and anti-imperialist alternative from being formed.

We know well that imperialism utilizes the question of human rights to try to justify their reactionary policies of domination and destruction, although its spokespeople are the last to be able to give lessons in democracy. But should that lead the revolutionaries, the communists to refrain from denouncing the violation of bourgeois democratic rights by the Iraqi regime, under the pretext that it is today in the gun-sights of the imperialist powers? This would mean abandoning to imperialism and reaction the terrain of democratic liberties with all that follows, such as falsifications and manipulations. This would bring grist to the mill of all the anti-communists, who have not ceased to claim that communism is the antithesis of democracy and who have been able to draw from numerous examples from the image given by the revisionist countries.

The argument according to which the support for S. Hussein is a purely tactical question, relies on a confusion full of consequences. In effect, in the elaboration of its tactics, a communist party takes account of its forces, of its capacities and the means to put them into operation. Concretely, in the era of Lenin and Stalin, the CPSU and the USSR had a considerable weight in all fields, which permitted them very bold tactics in relation to the governments of dependent countries. Now, the least that can be said is that, for a long time we have not had that!

In other words, what weight, what pressure could the Marxist-Leninist movement — much less the Marxist-Leninist parties taken individually — exercise so that their support to S. Hussein could lead to a reinforcement of the interests of the peoples, of the revolutionary and anti-imperialist movement? Frankly, this support could not be anything but “lost money.” And very logically, those who supported S. Hussein would feel and present his failure as a failure for the workers and popular movement, reinforcing again a little more the idea that it is very difficult to fight, and even more so to overturn imperialism.

It would be dangerous if tomorrow, either there or in another region of the world, another Saddam Hussein would engage his people in the same bloody adventure and the forces who consider themselves Marxist-Leninist would come to his aid.

The Iran-Iraq War

Iran and Iraq bought about $65 billion dollars worth of arms between 1981 and 1988. This war caused 1,250,000 casualties. 41 countries supplied the arms, of which 21 supplied them to both countries at the same time.

Among the public suppliers of arms are the great French arms manufacturers: Dassault-Breguet, Aerospatiale (missiles, Matra-Manurhin (shells), Thompson (electronic equipment)…

From April 28 to May 5, 1989 a big fair was held in Baghdad in which 200 exhibitors participated. Besides the suppliers of heavy and sophisticated equipment one notes the presence of manufacturers coming from medium-developed countries, such as Avibras (Brazil), which concluded a deal for missiles and launch-missiles (SS-60s) of a million dollars, and the Chilean company Cardoen.

MBB, the large German consortium, was also very much present, notably in the area of missiles and the production of poison gas.

The array of products sold ran from troop transport trucks (Iveco-Magirus, Daimler-Benz…) to ground-to-air missiles “Roland” (MBB-Euromissile) to Alphajet helicopters (Dornier-Dassault), not to mention engineering for the enrichment of uranium, the production of munitions and trucks (more than 100 companies involved). The financing and the guarantees were assured on the German side, by Deutche Bank and Hermes.

As to the USA, if it did not officially supply arms to Iraq, it largely supported the war effort. During this period Iraq was crossed off the “black list” of terrorist states, which permitted the farmers in the Mid-West to sell large quantities of wheat and other agricultural products.

At the end of the war, the Iraqi debt reached $70 billion, leading to the greater and greater reluctance of the suppliers to deliver the new arms insistently demanded by S. Hussein.

The Suppliers of Arms to Iraq (between 1970 and 1989) in millions of $s in percent (1985 value)

USSR 19,237 61%

France 5,538 18%

China 1,664 5% (1)

Brazil 1,121 4% (1)

Egypt 1,108 4%

Czechoslovakia 703 2%

other 2,166 6%

Total 31,537

Source: SIPRI (Sweden) 1990

(1) These two countries are known to have greatly increased their sales of arms on an international level between 1982 and ’87. Brazil went from $670 million for the period 1976-81 to 2.6 billion (for the period 1982-87). As to China, it went, in the same periods, from $1.25 billion to $7.8 billion. As a point of comparison, North Korea, Israel and South Korea each exported between $2.1 and $2.4 billions in arms.

Besides these figures it is necessary as well to take into account the type of arms sold. The large suppliers often sold expensive and sophisticated weapons (planes, heavy tanks, electronic material…), the middle level suppliers are more specialized in the area of light arms (automatic machine-guns, anti-guerrilla arms…) used in particular to maintain internal order and to fight against resistance movements.

How could the Iraqi regime pay for all these arms, and for what were they used. Because the debts had accumulated, the regime paid its suppliers. This was done very evidently to the detriment of the Iraqi masses, at the price of a terrible training of the population by the army, the different police forces and the Baath party, the only party in power. Among the “chief events” of the regime of S. Hussein, we note the liquidation of the members of the Communist Party of Iraq, following a reversal of international alliances (S. Hussein distanced himself from the USSR to reconcile himself with the emirs of the Gulf). Let us also recall the gassing of the Kurdish population in March, 1988, in the region of Halabjeh.

Partija Rada: New terror of the Turkish military regime

Turkish army is on another mission of slaughter in Kurdistan. After the changes in the military top, Turkish regime adopted a new strategy of fighting against Kurdish people and its movement. Economic crisis and imperialist war against people of the world allowed all regimes of the Imperialist Internationale to wage wars of limited character in order to solve their internal issues without condemnation of the worldwide community.

“Chemical” Nejet Ozel is the new commander of the Turkish army, who “earned” his nickname after just a couple of days of military operations, which fits the nature of this filthy war just right.

It’s obvious that the main goal of Turkish army is not only retaliation and attempt of destruction of PKK as the representative political and military force of Kurdish people, but also to control the mass uprising of the Kurdish people who demand their rights of self-determination and national rights.

In the same time, it is the beginning of the new sense of Turkish militarization, which serves not only surpression of national movements, but also regional imperialst interests of the Turkish regime – which are directly connected to the interests of western imperialists in the region (situation in Syria, relationship between western imperialism and Iran etc…)

The new strategy of the Turkish army consists of use of chemical weapons and attacking the villages, which forces the peasants into leaving their homes and cuts the link between people and Kurdish military movement. Military actions in Southern Kurdistan are performed with backing of US army, helped by the puppet regime in Iraq and with collaboration of Iranian army. The numbers of dead civilians and Kurdish fighters are growing every day.

But, this war only strengthens the Kurdish people, and words of solidarity come from all over Turkey, Europe and other parts of the world. The youth of Southern Kurdistan is forming live shields in order to stop the attacks of the Turkish army, and plans for the marches up the mountains where the battles are fought are in preparation. Although Turkish police and army are trying to prevent the rise of peace movements in Kurdistan, “Mothers for Peace” will join the youth and form live shields all over borders with Iraq. Political importance of having peace movements in this moment is crucial, since Turkish regime can use the situation and commit even greater atrocities against Kurdish people.

Solidarity with Kurdish people in their struggle for self-determination!

Down with colonial fascist dictatorship of Turkish state!

The Marxist-Leninist Position on Kosova – A Statement of the NCMLU (Britain)

Kosovar Albanian refugees crossing the border into Albania after being forced to flee their homes by Serb forces, 1999; Tom Stoddart--Hulton Archive/Getty Images

The NCMLU opposed the NATO imperialist aggression against Yugoslavia whilst also supporting the Kosovars. However, in revisionist circles, and also in circles claiming to be opposed to revisionism, this position was declared to be somehow “pro-imperialist”. This false claim was in fact used as a cover for the expulsion from the eGroups-based Marxist-Leninist-list of members from the NCMLU and Alliance (North America).

To arrive at this conclusion, these circles have had to discard the Marxist-Leninist principle regarding the right of nations to self-determination under imperialism.

Belgrade in flames after NATO bombing

The contradiction confronting Marxist-Leninists, which the revisionists ignored, was that while Serbia was fighting a just war against NATO, they were at the same time conducting an unjust, racist war against the people of Kosova. This type of contradiction is nothing new, and Marxist-Leninists must learn to deal with it. For instance, in the early nineties, when imperialism started its aggression against Iraq, while defending Iraq’s stand against imperialism, those who came together to form the present committee pointed out that, though Iraq was opposing imperialism, the regime was also waging an unjust war against the Kurdish people.

The duty of Marxist-Leninists was, in both cases, to oppose imperialist aggression and at the same time to expose the unjust wars against the Kurdish and Kosova peoples respectively.

TDKP: Kurdish movement’s direction of development

The Turkish bourgeoisie’s war threat to Syria with the support of US imperialism, the driving of the PKK leaders out of Syria, and the bringing of A. Ocalan to Turkey through an international operation -all these events have inflamed discussions about the Kurdish question both in Turkey and in the international arena. Although it is not the first time it appeared on the agenda, the question which arises now is: “What will happen next?” Besides their declarations about the “importance of co-operation against terrorism”, the leaders of the US, the EU countries, Russia, the Arab and Balkan states expressed their views that “Turkey should utilise this opportunity to recognise the cultural rights of the Kurds”. It was obvious that they all were concerned about their own bourgeois imperialist interests and objectives, and that they were making plans as to how and to what extent they could benefit from this question.

The ruling classes of Turkey have chosen to use the “Apo operation” (Apo is the nickname for Abdullah Ocalan) as an instrument to conceal the Kurdish question and the country’s social problems. The authorities, including the Military General Council, the President and government officials, claimed that there is no such thing as a Kurdish question, and intensified propaganda about the “elimination of terror”. Military and police attacks have been intensified and the state of emergency has been spread over the whole of Turkey.

Following Ocalan’s flight from Syria with the intervention of US imperialism and his arrival in Rome, the Turkish authorities sought to create a “national mobilisation” with the propaganda that Italy and Germany as well as Syria and Greece “support separatist terrorism”. Chauvinist and reactionary propaganda was designed to promote reactionary prejudices amongst the most backward sections of the working people and to cover up the attacks and repression on the Kurds. The collaborator bourgeoisie and the top officials of the dictatorship too knew well that the “Apo operation” would in no way keep the Kurdish question out of the agenda.

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TDKP: The Latest Attack Directed at Iraqi Kurdistan: Turkey Takes a Further Step towards Middle-East Quicksand

In the second half of March, the collaborator ruling classes of Turkey launched a large scale attack on Iraq-Kurdistan. According to official statements, this attack aimed “to eradicate the PKK in this region”. Turkish troops would withdraw “when this mission was completed”. However, as evidenced by these vague statements, the authorities have been making contradictory announcements about the duration of the presence of Turkish troops in this region. The spokespersons and defenders of the dictatorship are also calling for the “power vacuum” in the region to be filled by Turkey. All Establishment parties, from the most reactionary to the social democrats, have the same view on this matter. However, close examination of the regime’s justifications reveals more. The fact is that the aim of this attack is not limited to extermination of the PKK but directly linked to US imperialism’s policy in the Middle-East.

For example, it was claimed that the attack was “exclusively in the form of a raid”. However, the fact is that everybody was aware of the military deployment on the frontier which began many days before the attack. Thus, it was not a “surprise raid”, the most effective form of counter-insurgency military action. More elaborate and drawn out operation enable the guerrillas to re-position themselves and to disperse into the field in small groups. In fact, two days before the attack, a PKK radio broadcast in that area speculated about a possible operation by the Turkish army and announced that the organisation would withdraw into “inner regions”. Even if some PKK forces could not withdraw from this region, there is no reason to suppose that these remaining forces would be “eliminated totally”. Similar operations have been taking place in Turkey-Kurdistan for years. Their results are well-known. The PKK continues to exist and fight. Also, the effectiveness of PKK does not depend on its military capacity or skill but on the policies it pursues. PKK’s dilemmas are fundamentally a result of these policies.

Undoubtedly, the reactionary forces of Turkey did not decide on this latest attack themselves, as was claimed. However, it certainly represented a great opportunity for the ruling classes to launch this operation immediately after the explosion of accumulated anger of the labouring people in the Gazi district of Istanbul against fascist massacres. Reactionary forces attempted to cover up internal problems through this military operation. No matter how well it is concealed, the truth is that in reality US imperialism planned and directed this occupation. US imperialism obviously now gives a greater role to the Turkish ruling classes in the Middle-East. Through this operation, the reactionary forces of Turkey are getting ready to be one of the most important “cat’s paws” of US imperialism in this region. This operation has also provided an answer to the debates around the need for “a more mobile army with a high striking power” and on “taking part in the imperialist operations in the region”. These questions have been on the agenda for some time. In other words, the ruling classes are practising for their expansion in the region. That is why this operation seemed a sort of military “manoeuvre”.

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Brief Information About the TDKP

The Revolutionary Communist Party of Turkey (TDKP) announced its foundation at its First (Foundation) Congress held on 2 February 1980. However, the roots of the communist movement in Turkey and the process of the TDKP’s construction go very far back.

The TDKP was founded in an ideological struggle against the opportunist heritage and tradition. TKP (The Communist Party of Turkey) was the first communist party in Turkey. It was founded in 1920 as a branch of the Communist International. A short while after its foundation, the founders of the party, under the leadership of Mustafa Suphi were murdered as a result of a plot by the Kemalist movement. Although TKP remained as a member of the Comintern in the following period, it followed a compromising-opportunist and bourgeois-tailist policy.

What remained in the name of communism in Turkey was the TKP’s opportunism until the late 1960s when the People’s Liberation Army of Turkey (THKO) and other radical revolutionary organisations were founded.

The TDKP developed from the THKO. It was founded by Deniz Gezmis, Yusuf Aslan and Huseyin Inan, who were executed on 6 May 1972, and by some other revolutionary youth leaders. It was an organisation of struggle against imperialism and the fascist dictatorship. It was founded as a reaction against the compromising passivist tradition of revisionism. It represented the disillusionment with revisionism. However, on the other hand, it remained as a Guevarist petit-bourgeois organisation which could not go beyond the platform of revisionism in the ideological sphere. It was eventually subjected to the blows of the dictatorship. Its leaders and militants were murdered either on the gallows or in the mountains.

In 1975 a new process started with self-criticism and continued until the foundation of the TDKP in 1980. This was the Party’s construction process in which it was orientated towards the working class and Marxism-Leninism. It was also a process in which an intense struggle was carried out as a part of the International Communist Movement led by comrade Enver Hoxha and the Party of Labour of Albania against Krushchevite modern revisionism, petit-bourgeois revolutionaries and Maoism. Also in this period tens of thousands of workers, labourers and youngsters were organised and mobilised for the struggle against fascism. Within this foundation process, our organisation lost about 200 martyrs in this struggle.

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Is the New Ottoman Empire Possible?


The executives of AKP (Justice and Development Party) have been designating The Ottoman Empire as an enviable ‘model’ for a while; and comparing the policies of Turkey with the power and impression of self-confident Ottoman. The Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan, has just stated: “We have to bring the Republic to that position.” by referring to the Empire. Additionally, Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu relates their government with the omnipotence of ordering the region. Fetullah Gulen who has close relationships with the Turkish governors as well as the US government, preached Turkey to follow policies over “the credit inherited from the Ottoman Empire”. There was an emphasis of “mighty Turkey” on the General Basbug’s speech in Mardin (A Kurdish city in Turkey). Previous statements exemplifying Turkey as a powerful and “modal” country of the region has also been made by the governors of the USA and NATO. As it was stated that Turkey has become “the pivot country”, USA Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, recapitulated that Turkey is “the strong country of the region.”, when she was in Turkey.

These statements that emphasize the “power” of Turkey in accordance with its future role in the region are supported by diplomatic, military, politic and some economic approaches. “Negotiation traffic” with countries in the region has become frequent in recent years. A number of deliberation with Iraq, Iraqi Kurdistan, Iran, Syria, Palestine, Azerbaijan, Georgia has been done in short periods. Despite the tension related to “Karabakh Problem” and ” the genocide”, first steps has been taken for improving relations with Armenia and for opening borders. The policy of keeping Azerbaijan on “little brother” chair continues. “Patronage” to Geoargia has been held in cooperation with the USA. Relations with Iraq and Iraqi Kurdistan Federal Government have been amended in consideration of “eliminating” Kurdish resistance in Turkey, capitalizing energy resources, and getting a share of the cake as being transportation route towards Western markets. Agreements have been signed. A role has been taken in “the reconstruction of Iraq and Kurdish region.” The Foreign Minister declared that “they work like a government” and that their goal is “complete integration.” Visa practises in Syria border have been abrogated. “Bilateral friendly relations” between Russia and Iran and negotiations regarding the extention of the scope of trade agreements are being pursued, etc.

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PKK Defend Against Turkish soldiers

The guerrillas of the Workers Party of Kurdistan, the PKK claimed the lives of 13 dogs from Turkish oppression and wounded six others in an ambush in a rural area of ​​the province of Diyarbakir in southeastern Turkey. Is the action that has caused more casualties since 2008 that killed 13 other soldiers.

In February he announced his return to arms after a six-month truce. To the Turkish state does not leave the guns? That’s it. On Wednesday kidnapped two people per night in Tunceli, and last week two soldiers and a doctor.

The Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan Islamist has called a meeting with senior army, intelligence services and the interior minister to launch an operation supported by fighter jets inetnción whose end is to end the Kurdish resistance.

Keep up the pulse fascist state of Turkey from Ankara holds the PKK since 1984 when the PKK decided to take up arms in the struggle of the Kurdish people for independence and cultural identity. Recall that in Turkish Kurdistan 15 million Kurds live with rights to the second division, compared to those who have Turkish citizens.


Syria: Anti-Imperialism Needs the People

Communists protest Syria's government

Democratic rights will strengthen the Arab revolution

From Anti-imperialist Camp

Syria remains the only Arab regime which maintains some anti-imperialist traits: its support to Hezbollah and the political space it offers to the Palestinian resistance movement – to name only the two most important ones. However, cementing its absolute, even dynastic powers, Bashar al-Assad is not helping the anti-imperialist cause. On the contrary, the people need fresh air to breathe, to mobilise, to prepare for the overall Arab liberation struggle against western neo-colonialism ahead.

As revolutionaries we need to think big. If we do not want to invest politically, if we shy away from necessary risks, we are doomed to lose. Right now we are witnesses to the crumbling of the imperialist architecture of the Arab world, one of the most neuralgic points of the global order. In general and especially now we need to be definitely more audacious than the imperialist elites, not less, not just clinging to hollow gains of the past. In this context we cannot bind the faith of the revolutionary anti-imperialist struggle to figures like Assad let alone Qaddhafi who only defends his own interest.

The Egyptian people have brought down the most important western puppet dictator of the region. Certainly his regime remains in place, but it is at least shaken and definitely cannot do business as usual. The popular masses just started to move. So the next period will be marked by struggles, including struggles of class character.

One setback for the Arab popular democratic movement is Libya, where the leadership consented to being hijacked by imperialism, inviting neo-colonialism to one of its notorious “humanitarian” military interventions.

Trough its Libyan operation, the west tries to inverse the general paradigm of their decades of support for the regional tyrants. They want to be seen as supporters of democracy. However, they seem to understand that they should not overstretch it to Iraq, where their “export of democracy” backfired badly. Beside the very fact that for the time being there is no harvest for imperialism in sight in Libya, that Maghreb country is a small particular in the overall Arab general where the imperialist design is questioned.

It is enough to take a glimpse at the popular fermentation in the Gulf where the Bahraini revolt is only the tip of the iceberg. There are also massive protests in Oman, in the Yemen and within the head of the serpent, the Saudi kingdom. All of these dictators are heavily protected by their imperialist creators and masters, including connivance for the bloody repression as seen in Bahrain, which is both the base of the US navy as well as the most articulated leftist movement in the Gulf.

It is in this broader context of a popular movement attacking the imperialist setup of the region that we should not fear a popular mobilisation in Syria. To put it clearly: only democratic freedom and popular mobilisation will in the long run be able to defeat imperialism—not bureaucratic, ossified, autocratic anti-imperialism, which too often sold out faster than one could realise. The Arab people will be forced to lead a prolonged and combined popular uprising and resistance war, for which none of the remnants of past elite leadership is qualified. We can put it as follows: the future is Hezbollah, not Assad.

It is obvious that in reality this polarity does not appear so clearly. It is Assad who supports Hezbollah, who embodies some anti-imperialist momentum of the past. And we definitely need to defend that. But we should not close our eyes before the very fact that his regime has become hollow and is lacking popular support. Assad has carried out a whole series of liberalist economic reforms, including privatisations and cutting welfare, which have increased the social gap. Unemployment and poverty are widespread. The people need democratic rights and social justice also for the anti-imperialist struggle. They are right to take to the streets for these demands and even to turn violent. Assad is wrong to play games, to promise the end of the state of emergency but not to commit to a date. Will he eventually come out with some concessions when the masses have demobilised? This is exactly what Assad wants. For the Ba‘ath elite, the popular masses are a danger, even a greater danger than imperialism.

Let’s have a brief look into history. There is not only the paradigmatic betrayal of Pan-Arabism by Anwar as-Sadat after the death of Gamal Abd an-Nasser, based on the defeat inflicted by Israel on Nasser in 1967. What was defeated was hollow, rhetoric anti-imperialism of an elite that was unwilling and unable to mobilise the popular masses and build upon them. The Assad dynasty has been virtuously playing this game ever since, as the Golan Heights have not been returned to them. They display their steadfastness against Israel as their credentials to the Arab people.

But we should not forget the Syrian military intervention in the Lebanese civil war in the 70’s, against the left and against the Palestinians, as the Syrian regime feared their victory the most. And we can never condone their support for the western aggression on Iraq in 1991, which won them the United States’ tacit OK for their continued military presence in Lebanon.

It is not by accident that faced with the first outburst of public protests, which was met with fierce repression, Assad could secure the soft support of the imperialist hierarchy. While the neo-cons linked to Israel were renewing their calls for regime change, US foreign secretary Hillary Clinton called Assad a “reformer”. King Abdallah of Saudi Arabia also gave him backing, despite the fact that Assad is allied to their arch enemy—Iran! The reason is simple: they fear a popular uprising in one of the main Arab states more than they are afraid of Assad. It would tremendously fuel the Arab revolution, which they have great difficulties to contain.

As in Egypt one can assume that the main opposition force in Syria is the Muslim Brotherhood. They still have an account to settle for the Hama massacre in 1982, when tens of thousands of civilians were slaughtered by Assad senior. Besides that it is fully legitimate to hold the Assads accountable for the massacre, what is to be expected of the Muslim Brotherhood?

One can see the opportunist role they play in Egypt. They jumped on the band-wagon of the movement against Mubarak only after is seemed unstoppable. And they are longing for a compromise with the military in which they get the role of the political administration of the former system. In this sense they supported the constitutional referendum which should stabilise the military regime while granting elections in return – which the Muslim Brotherhood might gain. A new government with the Brotherhood’s involvement will need both to keep more distance to imperialism and respect the democratic aspirations of the masses. In any respect such a setup will definitely be better than Mubarak. The Brotherhood cannot go against the masses. On the contrary, there will be and there is already a massive democratic contagion. The vast majority of the poor and middle classes are both democratic and Islamic. While a full-blown counterrevolution under the current conditions is unlikely, as the west cannot politically afford it, its main forces are the army and the remnants of the old regime linked to it, and not the Muslim Brotherhood, which is strongly connected to the people.

The Egyptian left and the global anti-imperialist movement need to push them ahead on this track and contain the conservative elements which were dominant within the Brotherhood. A western-type secularist approach would mean on one hand the death of the weak left, and on the other hand the strengthening of the conservative and reactionary grip on the popular masses. The left, however, can play the role of the thorn inside the movement, pushing it ahead and also enforcing class struggle, which the Brotherhood wants to avoid. Here the left got a possible power base the Brotherhood’s leadership cannot easily silence and control.

Back to Syria: The conditions there are different in the sense that the Assad regime seems to continue to enjoy the support of significant parts of the Alawi and Christian sects. It did mobilise demonstrations by hundreds of thousands which Mubarak and Ben Ali could not even dream of. (Mubarak had largely lost the Coptic support he once had wielded.) The Syrian Muslim Brotherhood on the other side has a strongly sectarian record. So in Syria there is indeed the danger of a sectarian conflict, which must be avoided by the anti-imperialist forces at all cost.

Despite the past of the Syrian Brotherhood, which was marked by close co-operation with the Saudi political bloc drivin Sunni confessionalism, the Brotherhood cannot frontally go against the popular aspirations which will be very much in line with the overall Arab stream.

Given these specificities and in difference to the states of the region guarded by western puppet regimes, the immediate demand right now should not be to bring down the regime altogether. The centre of gravity must be that full democratic rights are granted and social justice implemented. Assad cannot remain deaf if he wants to survive.


MLKP: Actions for the 10 Guerrillas Killed in Kurdistan

The armed forces of the colonialist Turkish bourgeois state killed 10 guerrillas in Sirnak within the framework of the uninterruptedly continuing military operations in Kurdistan.

The People’s Defence Forces (HPG) announced that 10 guerrillas have fallen away and 8 Turkish soldiers have died in the conflict in Sirnak-Uludere that continued from May 12 to May 14.

The chief of the Turkish army had alleged that 12 guerrilla were killed in the operations and had not mentioned the losses of the Turkish army.
In Kurdistan, ten thousands of Kurds participated in the funerals of the fallen guerrillas. In Hakkari, thirty thousand people gathered in the funeral of Ahmet Askan, one of the Sirnak-Uludere martyrs, shouting slogans such as “Erdogan, the killer!” and “The martyrs are immortal!”