Category Archives: Party of Labour (Partija Rada)

Partija Rada: For the Balkans Without NATO Occupiers! Freedom for the Balkan Peoples!

Today, it is becoming more and more necessary the closer cooperation and solidarity among all of the left, communist forces of the Balkan countries.

For over a decade now, Balkans consists of a field of intense inter-imperialist antagonisms that, by using local chauvinisms and submissive governments, have transformed the area again into a powder-magazine and a war field. War, half a century after the end of the 2nd World War, is today a constant threat. Troops of imperialist forces, under various labels (UN, NATO , USA , etc.), check at Balkan countries, while many Balkan countries have joined or are about to join NATO and Western-European Union. Almost as a whole these countries helped USA and G. Britain during the unjust war in Iraq . Military bases of the USA , NATO and of the other imperialists that are used for the control of the Balkans and for the raids in third countries have been scattered throughout almost all of the countries.

In front of the escalation of the USA aggression against the peoples of the world, and the application of the dogma “whoever is not with us is against us”, we must unite our forces against the preemptive and continuous war, develop the anti-war movement, and express our solidarity with all the struggling peoples, and especially the peoples of Iraq and Palestine.

All, without discrimination, of the Balkans countries’ economies undergo the neo-liberal policies that are imposed by the international economic organizations, integrations and powers (IMF, EU , USA , etc.) resulting to a dramatic worsening of the living conditions for the peoples. Multinational capital and the imperialist forces dominate today like never before in the Balkans, enforcing the further dependence and the robbing of the economies of Balkan countries.

Governments and the ruling classes of the Balkans, none excluded, serve the imperialist planning of the one or the other power; they are the same ones who sow the poison of chauvinism and racism, faithfully implement the policies for the abjection of the working masses that are dictated by international centers, get richer by the blowing up of economies and overexploitation.

On this ground, during all of the previous years, there have been developed various kinds of chauvinisms that confront Balkan peoples and nations with each other and poison the relations between them, serving only the imperialist policy of “divide and rule” and undermining peace, fraternization and solidarity among the Balkan peoples, things that are today more necessary than ever.

No Balkan country inside the war coalitions of NATO and the Western-European Union . All of the foreign military bases, out! No participation of the Balkan countries in the imperialist wars!

Down with the neo-liberal policies of misery that IMF, USA and EU impose!

No to chauvinism – No to national oppression!

Peace and anti-imperialist solidarity among the peoples and the progressive forces of the Balkans and of the whole world!

The only perspective for the peoples: a world without exploitation and war, a world liberated from capitalism and imperialism – such a world is possible and necessary!

Long live Socialism! Long live Communism!

Partija Rada: New terror of the Turkish military regime

Turkish army is on another mission of slaughter in Kurdistan. After the changes in the military top, Turkish regime adopted a new strategy of fighting against Kurdish people and its movement. Economic crisis and imperialist war against people of the world allowed all regimes of the Imperialist Internationale to wage wars of limited character in order to solve their internal issues without condemnation of the worldwide community.

“Chemical” Nejet Ozel is the new commander of the Turkish army, who “earned” his nickname after just a couple of days of military operations, which fits the nature of this filthy war just right.

It’s obvious that the main goal of Turkish army is not only retaliation and attempt of destruction of PKK as the representative political and military force of Kurdish people, but also to control the mass uprising of the Kurdish people who demand their rights of self-determination and national rights.

In the same time, it is the beginning of the new sense of Turkish militarization, which serves not only surpression of national movements, but also regional imperialst interests of the Turkish regime – which are directly connected to the interests of western imperialists in the region (situation in Syria, relationship between western imperialism and Iran etc…)

The new strategy of the Turkish army consists of use of chemical weapons and attacking the villages, which forces the peasants into leaving their homes and cuts the link between people and Kurdish military movement. Military actions in Southern Kurdistan are performed with backing of US army, helped by the puppet regime in Iraq and with collaboration of Iranian army. The numbers of dead civilians and Kurdish fighters are growing every day.

But, this war only strengthens the Kurdish people, and words of solidarity come from all over Turkey, Europe and other parts of the world. The youth of Southern Kurdistan is forming live shields in order to stop the attacks of the Turkish army, and plans for the marches up the mountains where the battles are fought are in preparation. Although Turkish police and army are trying to prevent the rise of peace movements in Kurdistan, “Mothers for Peace” will join the youth and form live shields all over borders with Iraq. Political importance of having peace movements in this moment is crucial, since Turkish regime can use the situation and commit even greater atrocities against Kurdish people.

Solidarity with Kurdish people in their struggle for self-determination!

Down with colonial fascist dictatorship of Turkish state!

Partija Rada on the Dissolution of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia: “The Left & the False Left”

Confusion in the definition of the Left in Yugoslavia culminated in the nineties of last century due to the disintegration of Alliance of Communists of Yugoslavia as a highly revisionist and nationalist party.

Common opinion in Serbia, in that time, was that the Milosevic’s SPS and JUL (which was only a surrogate of SPS), which were the formal successors of Alliance of Communists, were leftist parties. However, practice has shown that they were, actually, nationalists and chauvinists, and JUL has turned out to be just an interest group that wanted only to loot. There are still parties in Serbia today that promote the interests of Russian imperialists, from position of National Socialism, using the leftist form and leftist phrases.

After the demolition of the Milosevic regime, and the penetration and domination of the neoliberal ideology of the West, many antifa-anarcho-communo-anti-authorative groups emerged in Serbia recently, which seek to represent the interests of wide social layers.

This phenomenon would have been desirable (better to have them than the nationalists and fascists), but behind the activities of these groups lies suspicious ideological position that indirectly aligns them as associates of neoliberal regime. The regime, at the same time, tries to reduce the growing resistance of the masses and increase in workers’ strikes in the country with a “carrot and stick” system: with a strong demagogic propaganda and by forming “workers’ parties”, by bribing the leaders of trade unions, proclaiming various “social packages”, and also with permanent strengthening of repression and with introduction of additional prohibitions and efficient suppression of each organized class resistance.

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Vlado Dapčević

1917-2001

In Brussels on the 12th of July, in the 84th year of his life died a Revolutionary, Vladimir – Vlado Dapčević.

Vlado Dapčević was born in 1917 in Montenegro. He was accepted into the Communist Party of Yugoslavia in 1933. Because of distributing propaganda material, joining demonstrations and taking part in clashes with the police, he was arrested several times. Together with a large group of volunteers, he tried to get into Spain to take a part in defending the Spanish Republic, but he was arrested and convicted.

He continued his political work at the University of Belgrade, where he was seriously injured during a clash with fascist youth.

In 1941 Vlado Dapčević took part in the people’s uprising in Montenegro against the fascist occupiers. He took part in all the great battles of the Partisan Army for the liberation of Yugoslavia. During these battles he was wounded several times and was twice expelled from the CPY because of criticism of certain decisions of the Party. By the end of the war he had become a lieutenant colonel.

After the war he worked at the Higher Party School, and then he was appointed Chief of Administration of the Yugoslav People’s Army (JNA) for agitation and propaganda.

In 1948, after the Resolution of the Communist Information Bureau opposing Tito’s revisionism, Vlado Dapčević tried to escape the country, but he was caught and sentenced to 20 years in prison.

From 1948 until 1956 he experienced the worst torture at Goli Otok and other concentration camps of Tito’s Yugoslavia.

In 1958, because of the possibility of a new arrest, he fled the country to Albania, and then to the Soviet Union. Because of opposition to the policy of Khrushchev and the CPSU, it was made impossible for him to work politically. He tried to organize a trip of political emigrants to Cuba, and then to Vietnam, but that was made impossible for him by the authorities. Under threat of arrest, in 1967 he was forced to flee the Soviet Union and to go to Western Europe. In Western Europe, until settling in Belgium, he was arrested a few times.

In Western Europe he was engaged in the work of the Marxist-Leninist parties.

In 1975, Yugoslav police kidnapped Vlado Dapčević.

In Yugoslavia he was sentenced to death, but the sentence was commuted to 20 years in prison.

In 1989 after release from prison he was expelled from the country.

In 1990 he was permitted to return to Yugoslavia.

From 1992 he was President of Partija Rada.

During that period, Vlado Dapčević directed all his activities to the fight against war, and for peace among the peoples of Yugoslavia, while the struggle against Great-Serb nationalism and Milosevic’s regime was the main aim of his political activity.

He was an example of how one consistent revolutionary can defend the basic principles of proletarian internationalism. In his brave struggle for the rights of the exploited and oppressed, Vlado Dapčević with his life and work wrote some of the best pages of the revolutionary anti-imperialist movement of the world.

Information Department of Partija Rada.

Source

Partija Rada on Kosova


The escalation of clashes in Kosova is evidence once again that nationalism and the nationalist evil not only bring pain and suffering to other nations, but are also an obstacle for ones own nation to achieve its freedom and prosperity. The Albanian people in Kosova, after the suffering caused by the Belgrade regime, are in a position to liberate themselves from that regime. However, that liberation cannot be achieved by clashes with the Serbian people living in Kosova, but in the first place by attempts to build a free and prosperous Kosova together with the Serbian people.

Belgrade, whoever has been in power, has taken an extremely reactionary and colonial stance toward Kosova, as if this province had to be governed from Belgrade, treating Albanians as a hostile nation whose people are considered second-class citizens. Even after the arrival of NATO forces in Kosova, the regime in Belgrade postponed solving the question of Kosova, and benefited from contradictions between the imperialists, just to get Kosova back under its administration. By using their emissaries in the Kosova Parliament, by the influence of the secret services, by preventing the creation of a united city of Kosovska Mitrovica, and by pleading for the break up of Kosova into cantons, Belgrade, in fact, is trying to prevent Kosova from gaining independence.

The Albanian movement, after rejecting the ideological platform on which it grew up, and after asking for help from the NATO forces, won its “freedom” at a very high price, by exchanging Belgrade’s oppression for Imperialist oppression. The Albanian movement is now at a crossroads, at which progressive forces within the movement must raise their struggle to a higher level, or they will end up like the Serbian nationalists, as chauvinists and Imperialist servants.

The Serbian people in Kosova have been brought into a situation where they are exposed to the hostility of the Albanian people. This is not only a heritage of the historical past, in which Serbian people in Kosova were in the service of the colonial policy of Belgrade toward Kosova, but it is also a consequence of the non-existence of progressive forces among the Serbian people in Kosova who would build up a different relationship toward the Albanian people, and a different attitude toward their role in building a free and democratic Kosova. The Serbian people in Kosova are led by reactionary forces which are continuing the position of Great-Serbian nationalism, and which are in the service of the authorities in Belgrade. The Serbian people in Kosova now have a historical task: to get rid of the colonial policy of Serbia toward Kosova, and to defeat those forces in Kosova which serve the reactionary regimes in Belgrade. For this historical role of the Serbian people in Kosova it is necessary to give full support to the progressive forces in the Albanian movement.

At the present moment, the regime in Belgrade is using the events in Kosova to strengthen its unitary project, to mobilize the people on a united “patriotic” platform, and to please the Imperialists more than ever, acting as their faithful servant.

The USA will not give up its leading role in creating policy in the Balkans. They want, by incorporating Serbia and Montenegro into the service of NATO, to make it impossible to lose control over Belgrade, so that Belgrade would fall under the influence of Russia, or that the European Union would endanger the influence of the USA in the Balkans. At the same time, the USA will try to continue to control the Albanian movement to achieve its broader aims, and it would try to suppress any sign of anti-American militant Islam, or revolutionary internationalism within the movement.

The current clashes in Kosova, beside the damage which they cause to the struggle of the Albanian people, also prove that the regime in Belgrade, after suffering defeat, is again intensifying its aspirations toward Kosova, which is leading to a split within the Albanian movement, and more than ever there are emerging differences between the Albanian movement and the Imperialist forces in Kosova.

Partija rada is of the opinion that Kosova belongs to the peoples who live there. Partija rada is of the opinion that these peoples must achieve their freedom. That means that the struggle against the policy of Belgrade must develop into a fight against the presence of the Imperialists in the Balkans, and against the Albanian capitalists in Kosova. For such a historical role it is necessary that the progressive sector of the Albanian movement build ties with the Serbian people in Kosova. And not only in Kosova, but with all the peoples in the Balkans.

For the defeat of nationalism in Serbia and in Kosova!

For the freedom of the Kosova peoples!

For joint struggle against the Imperialists and their servants in the Balkans!

Resolution of Partija Rada on the National Question in Yugoslavia


Partija Rada (Party of Labour) is a Marxist-Leninist Party in Serbia. The party was founded in March 1992 by Vlado Dapčević, an anti-revisionist Marxist-Leninist who was a long-time political prisoner in SFR Yugoslavia. He formed it after splitting from the Communist Party of Yugoslavia over what he saw to be its soft stance against nationalism.

“Of all human feelings, the strongest, toughest, and deepest is national feeling”.

This was Lenin’s thought on the best way to express how great an importance does national feeling play in the lives of all humans. That is why revolutionaries have paid great attention to the national question.

Lenin and Stalin contemplated the national question as a revolutionary question and as an integral part of the socialist revolution. The National Question can be rightly and fully solved, only in Socialism:

According to the principle that each nation has a right on self-determination up to the point of separation and of the creation of a independent state.

According to that, we should not mix up “rights” with “duties”. Revolutionaries of oppressor nations should be, unconditionally, for the separation of the oppressed nation(s), and revolutionaries of the oppressed nation(s) be for for the drawing closer of nations and their unification.

Yugoslavia is a multi-national state. By its’ historical conditions, the peoples of Yugoslavia have got so mixed together, till today there is no one Republic which is really nationally homogenous. They are all, by the composition of their population, multinational.

At First, Yugoslavia was shaken from a genuine socialist basis by the national question because of Great-Serb nationalistic oppression; and then Secondly – by repeated attempts of the restoration of a Great-Serb hegemony.

Twice in fifty years – this came to broad fratricidal wars, which brought into question the ethnic survival of the peoples that participated in them.

Because of the great importance of the national question Yugoslavian revolutionaries pay an especial attention to it. After some wandering at the beginning, Yugoslavian revolutionaries adopted Leninist principles and carry them out consistently in multi-ethnic Yugoslavia. Starting on the basis of the internationalist principle of brotherhood of peoples, during World War Two issues on the national questions were solved as a constituent part of the socialist revolution. By the victory of Socialism in Yugoslavia – the national question was solved on the basis of a full equality of all of the peoples.

But, with Titoistic nationalistic-bourgeois counter revolution, the liquidation of Socialism and its’ replacement with state capitalism, with the rule of a bourgeois Party bureaucracy, nationalism burst out in its’ full sharpest forms. The rebirth of a great-state chauvinism and mutual struggle of national bourgeois around territories brought about a series of fratricidal wars and the disintegration of Yugoslavia.

That process is not finished yet. The national question in the territory of the ex-Yugoslavia is still not solved. It can be solved when Serbian and Croatian great-state chauvinisms, have suffered a full defeat and when all the nations of ex-Yugoslavia would be in a position to achieve their national sovereignty.

By the intervention of USA and Western powers using the force of the NATO alliance, a more important factor intervened. This became a potential to solve some matters, not only on the question of Bosnia and Herzegovina and implementation of Dayton agreement, but also on the question of
Kosovo and Montenegro.

In her approach to national question, Partija rada always starts from an internationalist principle. If we look at the past, we can proudly ascertain that PR literally obeyed those principles. Practice irrefutably proved that her analysis and prognosis was correct, that her principal, patriotic, and internationalists position line – was completely confirmed:

PR was from the very beginning was unconditionally against the criminal conquerors’ war of the Great-Serb nationalists in Slovenia, Croatia and
Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Partija rada was persistently on the side of Slovenian, Croatian, and Bosnian-Moslem peoples in their justified defensive wars.

PR was persistently for a united Bosnia and Herzegovina, and she was against the shameful agreement between Milosevic and Tudjman for dividing-up of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and for the creation of a Greater Serbia and Greater Croatia.
PR sharply condemned the criminal war of Tudjman’s pro-Ustasha army against the Bosnian-Moslems. The Party was, and it would be, for a free and safe return of all Serbs in Croatia, for their equality, national and social rights, and for return of all refugees in Bosnia and Herzegovina and for their citizen and national rights.

Partija rada was always on the side of Albanian people on Kosovo and their righteous struggle against Great-Serb occupation and an imposed Apartheid, for their right to bring decisions about their destiny, their sovereignty, and their state.

The Party supported these forces in Montenegro which leads struggle in
defense of sovereignty and state Montenegro, against aspirations of Great-Serb nationalism. The Party supported the struggle for autonomy of Vojvodina, and mercilessly condemned terror and crimes against Bosnian-Moslems from Sandzak and supported their right for political and cultural autonomy.

But, PR did not, nor it would, supported any single national movement in isolation. She treats national question only wholly. If one part is contradictory to the overall and complete solution of the national question, he must be rejected. This Party does not support national movements which helps any imperialists – either the great ones or the small ones – to achieve their wars of conquest.

That is why PR was, and it is, against pro-Ustasha nationalistic movement of Croats in western Herzegovina, not just because of its’ fascistic-mafia character, but before all, because it is extending the hand of a Great-Croat policy, for the further dividing of Bosnia and Herzegovina and for the creation of a Greater Croatia.

Also, PR was against the Chetnik Great-Serb movement in so called Republic of Srpska, because it was an exponent of Great-Serb nationalism, and because it was for the further dividing of Bosnia and Herzegovina and for Greater Serbia.

Partija rada is also against those national movements whose policy was and is in contradiction with the interests of revolution and socialism.

The main goal of members of our Party, who orginate from the oppressor nations is the resolute struggle against great-state chauvinism of their own nations, and for the unconditional right of oppressed peoples on self-determination.

“Nations which oppress other nations, can’t be free”.

Revolutionaries which belong to oppressed nations must fight consistently and persistently against narrow-mindedness, and for coming closer to and unification with, other nations. Main path of development that is marked by history is:

Firstly, full independence of each nation, and then

Secondly, An economic, cultural, and political drawing close to each other; an assimilation and unification in a broader state entirety.

Because of that PR supports the struggle of all peoples from Yugoslavia first for their independence, and then for the restoration of Yugoslavia.

The crazy chauvinist idea that “we can’t live together, without destroying each other” is false as former events already show. Previous experiences clearly teach us – that the former nations of Yugoslavia can either live together in peace or could destroy each other.

All the reasons that had allowed the creation of the first and second Yugoslavia exist even now, even much more than ever before.

A Third Yugoslavia would be unavoidably created, and for this, Partija rada will fight. That Third Yugoslavia will be better from both previous, since this time it would be created only by the full freely expressed will of all nations, and on the basis of absolute equality.

The path toward creation of that goal is traced. Each idea that captures the masses, whether it was progressive or reactionary, became a material force. The idea of nationalism and chauvinism came into the consciousness of the masses in Serbia and Croatia.

Only by decisive, patient, and constant work for the liquidation of nationalistic consciousness, and its replacement with an internationalist consciousness of brotherhood of all peoples, is it possible to achieve that goal.

After the restoration of Yugoslavia, the next goal of PR would be work and struggle for the drawing closer and unification of Balkan nations, so mixed between each other that the national question of the Balkans – which is a geographical, economic, and cultural entirety – can be solved only by the unification of the Balkan peoples in a single united state entirety.

From: “Program and Statute of Partija rada” pp. 84-90