V.I. Lenin, J.V. Stalin and the Comintern on Alliance with the Bourgeoisie in Colonial-Type Countries

“The Communist International must enter into a temporary alliance with bourgeois democracy in the colonial and backward countries, but should not merge with it, and should under all circumstances uphold the independence of the proletarian movement even if it is in its most embryonic form…” – V.I. Lenin, “Draft Thesis on National and Colonial QuestionsContinue reading “V.I. Lenin, J.V. Stalin and the Comintern on Alliance with the Bourgeoisie in Colonial-Type Countries”

Communist International: Towards the Fifth Congress of the Communist Party of Spain

Communist International, August 1936 The Development of the Democratic Revolution in Spain By J. HernandezI. Economic Sabotage by the Big Bourgeoisie and Landowners In February, 1936, the People’s Front in Spain won a splendid victory. The Azaña government came to power. Two years of rule by a reactionary government had reduced Spain to a stateContinue reading “Communist International: Towards the Fifth Congress of the Communist Party of Spain”

Communist International: The Struggle for Workers’ and Peasants’ Alliances in Spain

Communist International, August 1936 The question of strengthening and organizing throughout the country the workers’ and peasants’ alliances, which are the main buttress of the People’s Front, is now the central point of discussion among the workers’ organizations in Spain. A serious change has taken place in the position of the Left wing of theContinue reading “Communist International: The Struggle for Workers’ and Peasants’ Alliances in Spain”

Communist International: The Spanish Revolution

By M. Ercoli Member of the Executive Committee of the Communist InternationalWorkers Library Publishers New York City First Printing, December, 1936 Second Printing, February, 1937 Third Printing, March, 1937 The Spanish Revolution The heroic struggle of the Spanish people has deeply stirred the whole world. It is the greatest event in the struggle of theContinue reading “Communist International: The Spanish Revolution”

J.V. Stalin on the Withering Away of the State

“We are for the withering away of the state. And yet we also believe in the proletarian dictatorship, which represents the tightest and mightiest form of state authority that has ever existed in history. To keep on strengthening state power in order to prepare the conditions for the withering away of state power – thatContinue reading “J.V. Stalin on the Withering Away of the State”

Anna Louise Strong on the 1936 Stalin Constitution

“Stalin’s great moment when he first appeared as leader of the whole Soviet people was when, as Chairman of the Constitutional Commission, he presented the new Constitution of the Socialist State. A commission of thirty-one of the country’s ablest historians, economists, and political scientists had been instructed to create ‘the world’s most democratic constitution’ withContinue reading “Anna Louise Strong on the 1936 Stalin Constitution”

International Workingmen’s Association, a.k.a. First International on the Vanguard Party

Statements made by the First International or the International Working Men’s Association, endorsed by Marx and Engels, spoke of the need for a vanguard party. In the “Resolution on Working Class Political Action” from the September, 1871 London Conference, reprinted below, they explicitly endorse the idea of an independent working class party. I think this isContinue reading “International Workingmen’s Association, a.k.a. First International on the Vanguard Party”

The Communist League: The Soviet Union and the Spanish Civil War

‘Non-Intervention’? Between ourselves, it’s the same thing as profitable intervention – but profitable only for the other side’. Charles-Maurice Talleyrand (1754-1838) INTRODUCTION In January 1996, the Association of Communist Workers and the Association of Indian Communists held an extremely interesting meeting in the Conway Hall, London, devoted to exposing the slanderous misrepresentation of the Republican forcesContinue reading “The Communist League: The Soviet Union and the Spanish Civil War”

Lessons of People’s War in Spain 1936-1939

Progressive Labor, Vol. 9, No. 5 (Oct.-Nov. 1974), 106-116. The Spanish Civil War was the opening act of the Second World War in Europe. It was the military and political proving ground both for European Fascism, and for class-collaborationist policies that the old communist movement never outlived. In one important respect, however, the Spanish WarContinue reading “Lessons of People’s War in Spain 1936-1939”

Communist Party of Spain (PCE) Denounces the POUM

Originally printed in the newspaper Frente Rojo on 6 February 1937 The fascist Trotskyist party should be dissolved and tried as fascist. The guttersnipe POUM has become desperate now that its infamy has been unmasked, and has unleashed a demogogic campaign against the solid wall of anti-fascist unity at the orders of its foreign masters. We haveContinue reading “Communist Party of Spain (PCE) Denounces the POUM”

Grover Furr: Anatomy of a Fraudulent Scholarly Work: Ronald Radosh’s “Spain Betrayed”

Grover Furr Spain Betrayed: The Soviet Union in the Spanish Civil War by Ronald Radosh (Editor), Mary Radosh Habeck (Editor), Grigory Sevostianov (Editor). Annals of Communism series. Yale University Press, June 2001. 1. Long awaited and published to rave reviews — albeit predictably by Cold War conservatives (Arnold Beichman) and anti-communist liberals (Christopher Hitchens) —Continue reading “Grover Furr: Anatomy of a Fraudulent Scholarly Work: Ronald Radosh’s “Spain Betrayed””

Arthur Landis on the Sectarianism of the POUM

“Dare one ask how long the Viet Minh or the Viet Cong would have lasted, first against the French, and then the U.S.A., the greatest military power in the history of the world, across twenty years of battle, if they had had to contend simultaneously with a F.A.I. plus a combination of quasi-Trotskyists such asContinue reading “Arthur Landis on the Sectarianism of the POUM”

Arthur Landis on the Spanish Civil War

“The electoral victory of the Popular Front Government of Spain in February, 1936, has been argued in many ways; with the figures so juggled in certain analyses of the Right as to prove that the victory was actually theirs. The Left on the other hand—the ‘Left’ in this case being the Popular Front, which wasContinue reading “Arthur Landis on the Spanish Civil War”

Revolutionary Communist Party (PCR): The bourgeois army must and can be destroyed

Brazil Revolutionary Communist Party (PCR) Among many comrades and also among the people, there is a fear of the bourgeois army. Many people think it is impossible to defeat it, and see the army exactly as the dictatorship wants: as something that is above us. Comrades, above all, we must correctly understand that it isContinue reading “Revolutionary Communist Party (PCR): The bourgeois army must and can be destroyed”

V.I. Lenin on Concessions in Relation to the Struggle

“We must bear in mind that the struggle with the government for partial demands, the winning of partial concessions, are only petty skirmishes with the enemy, petty encounters on the outposts, whereas the decisive engagement is still to come. Before us, in all its strength, stands the enemy’s fortress, which is raining shot and shellContinue reading “V.I. Lenin on Concessions in Relation to the Struggle”