V.I. Lenin on the International and World War I

“An International does not mean sitting at the same table and having hypocritical and pettifogging resolutions written by people who think that genuine internationalism consists in German socialists justifying the German bourgeoisie’s call to shoot down French workers, and in French socialists justifying the French bourgeoisie’s call to shoot down German workers in the nameContinue reading “V.I. Lenin on the International and World War I”

James Connolly on Socialism and Nationalism

“If you remove the English army to-morrow and hoist the green flag over Dublin Castle, unless you set about the organisation of the Socialist Republic your efforts would be in vain. England would still rule you. She would rule you through her capitalists, through her landlords, through her financiers, through the whole array of commercial andContinue reading “James Connolly on Socialism and Nationalism”

Friedrich Engels on Morality

“We therefore reject every attempt to impose on us any moral dogma whatsoever as an eternal, ultimate and forever immutable ethical law on the pretext that the moral world, too, has its permanent principles which stand above history and the differences between nations. We maintain on the contrary that all moral theories have been hithertoContinue reading “Friedrich Engels on Morality”

V.I. Lenin on Slogans

“Kautsky is pursuing a characteristically petty—bourgeois, philistine policy by pretending (and trying to make the people believe the absurd idea) that putting forward a slogan alters the position. The entire history of bourgeois democracy refutes this illusion; the bourgeois democrats have always advanced all sorts of “slogans” to deceive the people. The point is to test their sincerity, toContinue reading “V.I. Lenin on Slogans”

Michael Parenti on “Pure Socialism”

“[R]eal socialism, it is argued, would be controlled by the workers themselves through direct participation instead of being run by Leninists, Stalinists, Castroites, or other ill-willed, power-hungry, bureaucratic, cabals of evil men who betray revolutions. Unfortunately, this ‘pure socialism’ view is ahistorical and nonfalsifiable; it cannot be tested against the actualities of history. It comparesContinue reading “Michael Parenti on “Pure Socialism””

Friedrich Engels on Scientific Socialism

“But the old idealist conception of history, which was not yet dislodged, knew nothing of class struggles based upon economic interests, knew nothing of economic interests; production and all economic relations appeared in it only as incidental, subordinate elements in the ‘history of civilization.’ The new facts made imperative a new examination of all pastContinue reading “Friedrich Engels on Scientific Socialism”

Enver Hoxha on the Era of Proletarian Revolution and Socialism

“The epoch of proletarian revolutions has just begun. The advent of socialism represents an historical necessity which results from the objective development of society. This is inevitable. The counter-revolutions which have been carried out and the obstacles which emerge can prolong the existence of the old exploiting system to some extent, but they are powerlessContinue reading “Enver Hoxha on the Era of Proletarian Revolution and Socialism”

Guy Endore on the French Revolution

“The whole famous Reign of Terror [of the 1790s] in fifteen months guillotined 2,596 aristos. The Versaillists [the anti-Communards of 1871] executed 20,000 before their firing squads in one week. Do these figures represent the comparative efficiency of guillotine and modern rifle or the comparative cruelty of upper and lower class mobs?” – Guy Endore,Continue reading “Guy Endore on the French Revolution”

Frederick Schuman on Kulak Destruction of Crops and Livestock

“Their [kulak] opposition took the initial form of slaughtering their cattle and horses in preference to having them collectivized. The result was a grievous blow to Soviet agriculture, for most of the cattle and horses were owned by the kulaks. Between 1928 and 1933 the number of horses in the USSR declined from almost 30,000,000Continue reading “Frederick Schuman on Kulak Destruction of Crops and Livestock”

Engels on the Dialectics of Nature

“It is, therefore, from the history of nature and human society that the laws of dialectics are abstracted. For they are nothing but the most general laws of these two aspects of historical development, as well as of thought itself. And indeed they can be reduced in the main to three: The law of theContinue reading “Engels on the Dialectics of Nature”

Jules Humbert-Droz on Nikolai Bukharin and the Use of Individual Terror Against Stalin

“Before leaving I went to see Bukharin for one last time not knowing whether I would see him again upon my return. We had a long and frank conversation. He brought me up to date with the contacts made by his group with the Zinoviev-Kamenev fraction in order to coordinate the struggle against the powerContinue reading “Jules Humbert-Droz on Nikolai Bukharin and the Use of Individual Terror Against Stalin”

Molotov on Marshal Tukhachevsky

“CHUEV: Now some think you appointed such untrained people as Pavlov, but if it had been Tukhachevsky…. MOLOTOV: Take someone like Tukhachevsky. If trouble started, which side would he have been on? He was a rather dangerous man. I doubted he would have been fully on our side when things got tough, because he wasContinue reading “Molotov on Marshal Tukhachevsky”

General Vo Nguyen Giap on Democracy in the People’s Army

“In leading the building of the army, our Party has firmly stuck to the principle of democratic centralism. That is the organisational principle of our Party; thereby it has taken care to build the army with a genuine inner democracy and also a very strict conscious discipline. Completely different from all types of armies ofContinue reading “General Vo Nguyen Giap on Democracy in the People’s Army”

Karl Marx on how the Value of Labor Power is Determined

“We must now examine more closely this peculiar commodity, labour-power. Like all others it has a value. How is that value determined? The value of labour-power is determined, as in the case of every other commodity, by the labour-time necessary for the production, and consequently also the reproduction, of this special article. So far asContinue reading “Karl Marx on how the Value of Labor Power is Determined”

Karl Marx on Labor Power as a Commodity

“By labour-power or capacity for labour is to be understood the aggregate of those mental and physical capabilities existing in a human being, which he exercises whenever he produces a use-value of any description. But in order that our owner of money may be able to find labour-power offered for sale as a commodity, variousContinue reading “Karl Marx on Labor Power as a Commodity”