Karl Marx on Religion

“The foundation of irreligious criticism is: Man makes religion, religion does not make man. Religion is, indeed, the self-consciousness and self-esteem of man who has either not yet won through to himself, or has already lost himself again. But man is no abstract being squatting outside the world. Man is the world of man – state, society. This stateContinue reading “Karl Marx on Religion”

Karl Marx on the Fundamentals of Human Existence

“The first premise of all human existence and, therefore, of all history, [is that humans] must be in a position to live in order to be able to ‘make history.’ But life involves before everything else eating and drinking, a habitation, clothing and many other things. The first historical act is thus the production ofContinue reading “Karl Marx on the Fundamentals of Human Existence”

Karl Marx on the Ruling Class and Ruling Ideas

“The ideas of the ruling class are in every epoch the ruling ideas, i.e. the class which is the ruling material force of society, is at the same time its ruling intellectual force. The class which has the means of material production at its disposal, has control at the same time over the means ofContinue reading “Karl Marx on the Ruling Class and Ruling Ideas”

Karl Marx on Materialism, Base and Superstructure and Relations of Production

“In the social production of their existence, men inevitably enter into definite relations, which are independent of their will, namely relations of production appropriate to a given stage in the development of their material forces of production. The totality of these relations of production constitutes the economic structure of society, the real foundation, on whichContinue reading “Karl Marx on Materialism, Base and Superstructure and Relations of Production”

Karl Marx on Abolishing Private Property

“You are horrified at our intending to do away with private property. But in your existing society, private property is already done away with for nine-tenths of the population; its existence for the few is solely due to its non-existence in the hands of those nine-tenths.” – Karl Marx, “The Communist Manifesto”

Frederich Engels’ Speech at the Grave of Karl Marx

On the 14th of March, at a quarter to three in the afternoon, the greatest living thinker ceased to think. He had been left alone for scarcely two minutes, and when we came back we found him in his armchair, peacefully gone to sleep — but for ever. An immeasurable loss has been sustained bothContinue reading “Frederich Engels’ Speech at the Grave of Karl Marx”

Karl Marx on the Labor Process

“Labour is, in the first place, a process in which both man and Nature participate, and in which man of his own accord starts, regulates, and controls the material re-actions between himself and Nature. He opposes himself to Nature as one of her own forces, setting in motion arms and legs, head and hands, theContinue reading “Karl Marx on the Labor Process”

V.I. Lenin on the Distortion of the Legacy of Great Revolutionaries

“What is now happening to Marx’s theory has, in the course of history, happened repeatedly to the theories of revolutionary thinkers and leaders of oppressed classes fighting for emancipation. During the lifetime of great revolutionaries, the oppressing classes constantly hounded them, received their theories with the most savage malice, the most furious hatred and theContinue reading “V.I. Lenin on the Distortion of the Legacy of Great Revolutionaries”

Karl Marx on the June Revolution

“The February revolution was the nice revolution, the revolution of universal sympathies, because the contradictions which erupted in it against the monarchy were still undeveloped and peacefully dormant, because the social struggle which formed their background had only achieved an ephemeral existence, an existence in phrases, in words. The June revolution is the ugly revolution,Continue reading “Karl Marx on the June Revolution”

Karl Marx on Class Retribution

“It goes without saying that in the bloody conflicts to come, as in all others, it will be the workers, with their courage, resolution and self-sacrifice, who will be chiefly responsible for achieving victory. As in the past, so in the coming struggle also, the petty bourgeoisie, to a man, will hesitate as long asContinue reading “Karl Marx on Class Retribution”

The Communist League: Marxism and Class: Some Definitions

A paper from the COMMUNIST LEAGUE (Britain) The Concept of Social Class The concept of social class as “a division or order of society according to status (‘The Oxford English Dictionary’, Volume 3; Oxford; 1989; p. 279) is a very ancient one, the English word ‘class’ being derived from the Latin ‘classis’, meaning each ofContinue reading “The Communist League: Marxism and Class: Some Definitions”

Marx on Hindusim

“Now, sickening as it must be to human feeling to witness those myriads of industrious patriarchal and inoffensive social organizations disorganized and dissolved into their units, thrown into a sea of woes, and their individual members losing at the same time their ancient form of civilization, and their hereditary means of subsistence, we must notContinue reading “Marx on Hindusim”

Mikhail Bakunin on Marx and the Jews

“Well now, this whole Jewish world which constitutes a single exploiting sect, a sort of bloodsucker people, a collective parasite, voracious, organized in itself, not only across the frontiers of states but even across all the differences of political opinion—this world is presently, at least in great part, at the disposal of Marx on theContinue reading “Mikhail Bakunin on Marx and the Jews”

Karl Marx on Colonialism and the Beginnings of Modern Capitalism

“The discovery of gold and silver in America, the extirpation, enslavement and entombment in mines of the aboriginal population, the beginning of the conquest and looting of the East Indies, the turning of Africa into a warren for the commercial hunting of black-skins, signalised the rosy dawn of the era of capitalist production. These idyllicContinue reading “Karl Marx on Colonialism and the Beginnings of Modern Capitalism”

Karl Marx on his Contributions

“… And now as to myself, no credit is due to me for discovering the existence of classes in modern society or the struggle between them. Long before me bourgeois historians had described the historical development of this class struggle and bourgeois economists, the economic economy of the classes. What I did that was new was toContinue reading “Karl Marx on his Contributions”