Category Archives: Cuba

Obituary: Jonas Savimbi, UNITA’s local boy

Jonas Savimbi: Spent most of his adult life as a guerrilla leader. Savimbi was said to run Unita's territory as a personal fiefdom

By Chris Simpson
Former BBC correspondent in Angola

Jonas Savimbi founded his Unita movement in March 1966 in Muangai, in Angola’s eastern province, Moxico.

According to Unita’s own official history, 200 delegates, including dozens of local chiefs, attended.

Muangai supposedly marked the beginning of Savimbi’s career as a guerrilla leader.

Thirty-six years later his corpse was put on display at Lucusse, just 100 kilometres (60 miles) east of Muangai.

Quixotic

Savimbi has died a pariah.

Over the past decade his Unita movement has become increasingly isolated, accused of perpetuating a bloody civil war for its own interests and exposed to international sanctions as a consequence.

Unita’s deteriorating image owed much to Savimbi’s autocratic and quixotic style of leadership.

White House visit

But in his heyday, Savimbi had a formidable selection of allies and acolytes.

Fighting against an Angolan Government which deployed thousands of Cuban troops and enjoyed strong support from the former Soviet Union, Unita’s cause was taken up by apartheid South Africa and by the United States under Presidents Ronald Reagan and George Bush senior.

In 1986 Mr Reagan welcomed Savimbi to the White House and talked of Unita winning “a victory that electrifies the world and brings great sympathy and assistance from other nations to those struggling for freedom”.

African leaders, like Felix Houphouet-Boigny of Ivory Coast and Mobutu Sese Seko of Zaire were open supporters, other presidents cultivated strong diplomatic and commercial ties right until the end.

Savimbi assiduously courted western journalists as well as politicians, presenting his bush headquarters in Jamba in the far south-eastern corner of Angola as the centre of a huge struggle against communism.

Some visitors returned deeply impressed by Savimbi’s leadership qualities and the dedication of his cadres, others hinted at a much darker regime, dismissing Savimbi as a power-hungry propagandist.

Modest beginnings

Jonas Savimbi was born and raised in the province of Bie, a lush, green region of rolling hills and small rivers, now once again devastated by war.

Savimbi made much of his roots in Angola’s Central Highlands. The station-master’s son – whose childhood home can still be found near the town of Andulo – always presented himself as a local boy made good, and later as the region’s representative, champion and leader.

Savimbi’s life breaks into several chapters, with much of the detail still in dispute and many questions unanswered. It was always wise to address him as “Doctor”.

But the PhD in question, supposedly from the University of Lausanne in Switzerland, was probably never awarded. Unita’s own official biography of Savimbi claims he spent two years as a medical student in Portugal, but abandoned his studies to engage in the anti-colonial struggle.

‘Fictitious campaigns’

Savimbi formed Unita after failing to find common ground with other nationalist movements, notably the Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA).

Savimbi’s critics say Unita’s military campaigns against the Portuguese regime were fictitious and later published documents linking Savimbi to Portuguese intelligence, suggesting he was a paid informer.

Savimbi’s first chance of power came with the end of Portuguese colonialism. But though promised a share in a transitional government Unita lost out as full-blown civil war broke out.

Despite the backing of South Africa and the United States, Unita was unable to compete with the Cuban troops and Soviet firepower put at the disposal of the MPLA.

A new government was proclaimed in Luanda, while Unita retreated deep into the interior.

Savimbi, once a self-proclaimed Maoist, described Unita as having embarked on its own “long march” at this point, recovering slowly from defeat and betrayal to rediscover itself as a movement, drawing on the courage of a few dozen survivors.

Peace

But Unita’s survival owed much to its alliance with South Africa, which remained at war with Angola for much of the next 15 years, and to the US.

With the ending of the Cold War and the steady erosion of apartheid, southern Africa became less of a battle-ground and there was an opportunity for peace.

Savimbi and Angolan President Jose Eduardo dos Santos signed a peace agreement in Bicesse in Portugal in May 1991, paving the way for elections 16 months later.

Savimbi returned to the capital, Luanda, for the first time in 15 years and began campaigning for the presidency.

Thousands dead

As the news broke of his own and Unita’s election defeat, Savimbi refused to accept the results and flew to Huambo, Angola’s second city.

The UN, backed by Russia, Portugal and the United States, tried to keep the peace, but in vain.

The conflict which followed was infinitely worse than anything which had gone before, with thousands of civilians perishing.

Savimbi was widely blamed for the catastrophe, particularly after he scuppered a six-week round of peace talks in Ivory Coast in 1993.

But while the UN imposed oil and arms embargoes on Unita and President Bill Clinton formally recognised the government in Luanda, Savimbi laughed off international condemnation, establishing his capital in Huambo.

Unita’s military fortunes dipped as the government reorganised, clawing back territory.

Facing military humiliation, Unita signed a UN-brokered peace deal in Lusaka in November 1994. Savimbi was not there in person, his absence showing a distaste for compromise.

Once again, the UN was mandated to keep the peace, this time with 7,000 troops. Unita agreed to demobilise its forces. National reconciliation became the key objective.

Damning critiques

The peace process limped on for close to four years, marked by endless delays and recriminations.

But despite the offer of the vice-presidency, along with a new house in Luanda, Savimbi remained in the Central Highlands and Angola drifted back to war.

By the end, Savimbi had lost much of his lustre.

Most of the obituaries have been predictably damning. Some of the harshest criticism has come from those who once knew and admired Savimbi, but have since admitted they were duped by his charisma into overlooking serious character flaws.

A former backer in Washington once conceded ruefully: “Savimbi is probably the most brilliant man I’ve ever met, but he’s also dangerous, even psychotic”.

Source

Bolstering Contras Was A Top Priority

January 18, 1987

By GEORGE de LAMA, Chicago Tribune Correspondent
Michael Tackett of the Chicago Tribune contributed to this story.

WASHINGTON — Months before Congress cut off support for the Nicaraguan rebels in October 1984, President Reagan approved an ambitious campaign to encourage private American donors and foreign governments to finance the war against Managua`s Sandinista regime.

The goal: Keep the Contras, as the anti-Sandinista rebels are known, alive and viable as a fighting force until the president could persuade Congress to change its mind and restore U.S. military aid.

Reagan lent the full weight of his office to the private supply effort, casting aside a thin veil of secrecy over the administration`s two-year effort to assist the Contras. When Americans wrote to the White House asking how they could contribute to the Contra cause, the president sent out letters over his signature urging them to donate money to private relief groups aiding the rebels.

Reagan attended a fund-raising dinner for the Contras here in April 1985, gave speeches likening the Central American warriors to the U.S. founding fathers and volunteered at one point that “I`m a Contra, too.“

Support for the estimated 15,000 fighters became a top priority within the administration. The campaign, headed by an obscure Marine lieutenant colonel on the National Security Council staff, Oliver North, rose to the top drawer of White House concerns after Congress forbade the government from giving direct or indirect military assistance to the rebels.

Now the extraordinary White House effort to keep the Contras fighting has become the focal point of the worst crisis of Reagan`s presidency. North has been accused of secretly diverting to the rebels at least $10 million from the sale of arms to Iran. While calling North “a national hero,“ Reagan has said he neither knew about nor authorized the diversion of funds, and North was fired from the NSC.

Even before the alleged diversion, the supply effort North oversaw from the White House basement brought millions of dollars in donations from American conservatives, right-wing Latin American military officers, and such far-off potentates as the Sultan of Brunei and King Fahd of Saudi Arabia, according to administration officials and rebel leaders.

Classified U.S. intelligence reports disclose that at least $22 million was raised for the Contras from “private and foreign sources“ over the last year alone, according to well-placed administration officials. This includes the diversion of the proceeds from the arms sales, the sources said.

But this “privatization“ of the Contra war had its hidden costs, administration officials now acknowledge. It meant that officials at the highest levels of the U.S. government were doing business in the shadowy world of international arms dealers, mysterious fund raisers and assorted soldiers of fortune seeking a piece of the action in the name of Reagan`s cause.

Congressional investigators and federal agents working on the three inquiries about the White House role believe that if serious wrongdoing is found it will grow out of the deals in this private gun-running and fund- raising effort.

Much of the attention centers on the money pipeline overseen by North on behalf of the Contras. The handling of the money is shrouded in secrecy and bereft of clear accounting procedures. Nevertheless, it appears that millions of dollars in donations raised for the Contras apparently never reached the rebels. This includes the money diverted from the U.S. arms sales to Iran.

After weeks of closed hearings, Sen. David Durenberger, R-Minn., at the time the chairman of the Senate Intelligence Committee, late last month had to acknowledge, “We still can`t tell whether one nickel of the money ever reached the Contras.“

Congressional and federal investigators are trying to determine whether the funds were diverted to other anti-communist guerrilla movements in Angola or Afghanistan, lost in misplaced airdrops to the Contras, handed out in kickbacks to military officers in Central America or simply skimmed off the top illegally by middlemen.

The Watergate-style investigative committees in both houses of Congress, an independent federal prosecutor and the Justice Department also will be closely examining allegations of criminal acts involving the Contras and their American backers.

Despite initial denials by the White House, it is clear the clandestine supply network set up for the Contras over the last two years was no secret to key administration officials. Even if North chose not to brief White House colleagues on his operations, well placed sources said, the supply effort was monitored, to varying degrees, by the CIA, select members of the NSC staff in Washington and U.S. diplomats and military personnel in Central America.

Aides to Vice President George Bush even acknowledged that his office was told as early as last August that some Contra backers may have been engaging in illegal activities. Although they admit that many administration officials were aware of the secret arms-supply network, Reagan aides insist that North was solely responsible for the diversion of Iran arms funds to the Nicaraguan rebels.

Whether North acted alone is a key question for the investigators.

It was in late 1982, when most Americans still had not heard of the Nicaraguan rebels, that North began to make regular trips to Honduras. There he met with U.S. Embassy and CIA officials and Contra leaders as they began to map out a strategy for overthrowing the Sandinista regime.

Over the next four years, North made at least half a dozen trips a year to the region. By 1984, when official U.S. support was cut, North had become the dominant outside figure in the Contra movement.

Former Contra spokesman Edgar Chamorro said that after the cutoff, North went to Honduras to reassure rebel leaders that the U.S. government would never abandon them. To meet this pledge, he said, North created a secret network of suppliers, arms dealers, middlemen, ex-CIA employees, and anti- Castro Cuban exiles that came to be known as “Ollie`s army.“

Displaying a penchant for secrecy and braggadocio, North repeatedly told associates that he regularly briefed Reagan on the Contra effort and was doing his bidding. In the Defense Department, CIA and the State Department, the notion that North carried the president`s blessing gave the 43-year-old Marine lieutenant colonel power well beyond his military rank.

White House officials vehemently dispute that Reagan had a private relationship with the colonel. They claim that Oval Office logs show North met with Reagan 19 times over the last two years, and never with fewer than five other people present. Moreover, these officials said Reagan explicitly instructed his staff to stay within the bounds of the law in their activities on behalf of the Contras.

But some of his former colleagues said North may nonetheless have believed he was doing what Reagan wanted.

For help in implementing the clandestine supply network, North turned to experienced hands in covert operations. Foremost among these experts was retired Air Force Maj. Gen. Richard Secord, a onetime assistant secretary of defense and ex-chief of the U.S. military mission in Iran who had extensive contacts in the Middle East.

Secord stepped down from his Pentagon post after he was implicated in the federal criminal investigation of ex-CIA agent Edwin Wilson, who was convicted of illegally supplying arms and explosives to Libya. Secord was never charged in the case. Immediately after resigning, he went into the lucrative international-arms and security-consultant business with an Iranian businessman.

According to administration officials and congressional investigators, North and Secord first met in 1981, when they worked together to lobby Congress and arrange the details on a U.S. sale of AWAC surveillance planes to Saudi Arabia. Secord and his Iranian-born associate, Albert Hakim, controlled a security assistance company called Stanford Technologies Inc., with offices in Vienna, Va.; San Jose, Calif., and Geneva, Switzerland. Sources familiar with the investigation said the company played a key role in arranging arms shipments to Iran and in setting up a secret air-supply operation for the Contras.

Published reports said that Secord, through a corporation known as Lake Resources, had access to one of two secret Swiss bank accounts that received deposits from the sale of U.S. arms to Iran. North reportedly had access to the second account. It was from these accounts that money was to flow to the Contras, the sources said.

Although there is no evidence thus far that the cash or its equivalent in supplies ever reached the rebels, sources said Secord was apparently active in supplying the Contras through yet another financial corporation, General Services Fiduciare, with offices in Switzerland and the Bahamas.

Records also show that Secord ordered the purchase of four light planes from Maule Aircraft Co. of Moultrie, Ga., that later were sent to Central America. The planes were ordered by Secord for a Panamanian company and then shipped to Honduras, Maule company officials said. At least one of the planes wound up with the Contras. Federal investigators have seized records of the transaction.

While Secord was moving small, short-range planes to the rebels, he and North reportedly persuaded the Contras to use the services of Southern Air Transport Inc., a Miami-based cargo carrier owned by the CIA between 1960 and 1973. Congressional investigators see Southern Air as a key link between the shipments of arms to Iran, the NSC and the Contra supply effort. Well placed sources confirm it made deliveries of arms to Israel destined for Iran, and its other connections emerged through interviews with company officials.

William Langton, president of the airline, has confirmed that Southern Air advanced a loan to a Daytona Beach broker to purchase the C-123 cargo plane that was shot down in Nicaragua last Oct. 5. Eugene Hasenfus, a cargo handler on this ill-fated flight, has said he and two other Americans were dropping arms to the Contras on a supply mission that originated at the Ilopango air base in El Salvador. He was sentenced to 30 years in prison by a Nicaraguan court and then released last month.

Langton said the purchaser of the plane did not have sufficient money to pay for it at the time, and that the airline agreed to put up the funds. He would not disclose the identity of the purchaser. Southern Air also had a contract to service the plane and airline officials admit the carrier paid for Hasenfus`s commercial airline ticket to Central America.

An airline with a reputation for secrecy and efficiency in flying to the world`s trouble spots, Southern Air has increased its revenues dramatically in 1986, with much of its business coming from U.S. government contracts.

Southern Air flew five State Department-financed supply missions to the Contras in 1986, delivering “humanitarian“ assistance to the rebels. It also flew several other cargo loads into Honduras and El Salvador, and four secret missions on behalf of the White House NSC, according to airline spokesman William Kress.

But knowledgeable administration sources said the airline was used in a U.S. ruse to save the Contras the cost of moving some military supplies. Southern Air was engaged to fly nonlethal supplies to Central America for the State Department, a public contract let by State Department officials. Once in Central America at State Department expense, the planes were then sometimes used to ferry weapons from El Salvador to the Contras in Nicaragua before the aircraft returned to the United States.

“That way we picked up all the transit costs“ for flying from the United States to Central America, one administration official said. This left the Contras` backers responsible for the less expensive costs of flights within the region.

Coordinating the flights from his suburban Virginia office was Richard Gadd, an associate of Secord and friend of North, according to administration officials. Gadd was contracted by the State Department to deliver more than a dozen “humanitarian“ aid shipments to the Contras, the officials said.

Last summer, Gadd`s clandestine role as coordinator of Contra arms- resupply flights was taken over by retired Air Force Col. Robert Dutton, a business associate of Secord who played a role in arranging U.S. arms shipments to Iran. Gadd and Dutton have refused to comment on the air-supply scheme.

But Kress conceded it was possible that Southern Air pilots might fly a mission to an authorized location, filed on its official Department of Transportation logs, and pick up another revenue flight while at a remote location. “If they fly down there with a load of X, they may try to get some revenue flights,“ Kress said.

Because he could not be everywhere at once, North used a former Senate Republican aide and ex-State Department consultant, Robert Owen, to serve as his chief liaison with the Contras. Owen, a young Stanford University graduate, was North`s “eyes and ears“ in Central America, monitoring “whether the equipment was getting down there and distributed the way it should be“ and reporting Contra leaders` gripes back to the NSC, according to one knowledgeable source.

Owen reportedly had close ties to John Hull, an American rancher living in northern Costa Rica, who is under investigation for his alleged role in gun- smuggling to the Contras. Hull, who has bragged of working for the CIA, has acknowleged providing use of the private airstrip on his ranch to the Contras and their backers.

Another key figure linking the Contra aid network to the White House is a Cuban exile named Felix Rodgriguez, a veteran of the ill-fated Bay of Pigs invasion in 1961 and former CIA employee. Rodgriguez was recommended for his job as adviser to the Salvadoran air force by Bush`s national security adviser, Donald Gregg, who knew the Cuban exile from their days together during the Vietnam war.

Known as Max Gomez — a symbolic nom de guerre immediately recognizable to Latin Americans; it is a play on Maximo Gomez, the famed Dominican-born general who led Cuba`s first war of independence against Spain — Rodriguez served as the Contras` liaison with the Salvadoran air force. From his post at San Salvador`s Ilopango air base, Rodriguez oversaw rebel air-supply missions, including Hasenfus`s final mission.

An associate of Rodriguez believed to have played a vital role in the supply effort was another Cuban exile who went by the cover name of Ramon Medina. Administration officials identified Medina as Luis Carriles Posada, a former CIA contract employee who was implicated in the 1976 bombing of a Cubana Airlines jetliner that exploded while on a flight from Barbados to Havana.

Posada mysteriously escaped from a Venezuelan prison in 1984, and is officially an international fugitive. But he was often seen in El Salvador over the last year, and his real identity was common knowledge to other members of the Contra supply operation, informed sources said.

Gregg has publicly admitted introducing Rodriguez to Bush, and the vice president has met with him on three separate occasions. Bush said their conversations focused on the Salvadoran civil war and denied that they ever discussed aid to the Contras. Both Gregg and Bush have denied ever meeting Medina.

But Bush`s office confirmed that Gregg and Rodgriguez discussed the Cuban`s “concerns about“ the Contra supply effort in a meeting in Washington last August. According to one Bush aide, Rodriguez told Gregg of his suspicions that some of the money collected abroad for Contra aid “was being ripped off.“

Gregg considered the charges alarming enough to convene a meeting in his office of key administration officials, including two NSC staff members, the U.S. ambassador to El Salvador, Edwin Corr, and a CIA official. It is unclear what was decided at this meeting, if anything. The vice president`s office insists that Bush and Gregg had no role in “directing, coordinating or approving“ arms supplies to the Contras.

But two months later, Rodriguez hurriedly placed two calls to Col. Sam Watson, Gregg`s deputy, to report concerns that an old airplane that had taken off from El Salvador was late in returning and may have encountered trouble.

That was how aides to the vice president became the first U.S. officials to know that the cargo plane carrying Hasenfus and arms to the Contras had been shot down over Nicaragua. More than any other single event, the downing of the Hasenfus flight focused attention on the Contra supply effort and raised questions about the Reagan administration`s role in coordinating the secret network.

The plane`s wreckage, thoroughly searched by Sandinista troops, contained intriguing bits of evidence. An identification card issued by Southern Air Transport was found on the body of the dead pilot, William Cooper. Also unearthed was a Swiss banker`s business card with a handwritten number that appeared to represent a secret bank account.

Within hours of the crash, White House officials were asking the CIA whether Hasenfus or any other crew member of the ill-fated flight was working for U.S. intelligence. Agency officials responded that they were not. North, however, did not wait for an answer. Administration officials said he immediately flew to El Salvador, where he went to work ensuring that embarassing details of the operation did not leak. And he began to make arrangements for benefits to be sent to the families of the dead pilots.

Intelligence reports flowing from the CIA to the White House raise serious questions about whether Reagan or others actually knew about the diversion of money to buy arms for the Contras. These detailed reports showed a substantial increase in deliveries of arms last summer, particularly along the so-called “southern front“ near Nicaragua`s border with Costa Rica, despite the unaccounted millions of dollars, the officials said. Hasenfus`s plane was shot down in this region.

In addition, El Salvador`s national telephone company released records that showed numerous calls were placed earlier this year to North`s NSC office in Washington from the safehouse in San Salvador used by Hasenfus, Cooper and their colleagues. Calls also were placed to a CIA agent in Costa Rica and to Secord`s offices in Virginia, the records showed. The Salvadoran telephone company, ANTEL, is controlled by military intelligence officers in that nation, informed sources said.

“If the Salvadorans knew all about it, with their intelligence services, then you can bet the CIA and the NSA had to know about it, too,“ one administration official said. “If they didn`t know, then they were just incompetent.“

Source

PCMLE: Fidel Castro Ruz, the most outstanding soldier of the Cuban revolutionary process

En Marcha, February 27, 2008

The history of peoples is written with the creative action of people and, by driving visionary, honest leaders.

For nearly 50 years, Cuba and Fidel as his most outstanding soldier, wrote one of the most glorious pages of contemporary history of our America, the triumph of the Cuban Revolution in January 1959 was the beginning of a socio – political – historical and cultural background is not in our Latin America.

And is that the triumph of the revolution will forever the destiny of our countries in their struggle for true independence and freedom. Cuba will then forward the necessary referent, the shining beacon that shows that although the enemy is powerful and giant, as a people and their leaders are on the right track, there is no power in the world to destroy their achievements, their dreams, their achievements.

On 18 February this year, Fidel, Commander in Chief, Fidel announced to his people and the world “that does not aspire to nor accept, I repeat not aspire to nor accept the positions of Chairman of the State Council and Commander in Chief. ”

This announcement will mark a before and after Cuba and its revolution with Fidel and after Fidel, is done in circumstances when people since July 2007, when his health began to test the strength of a man of moral and political stature of Fidel, was preparing for this new time because they understood that their Commander in Chief, like all mortals, is a man of flesh and blood, and that his physical body is not eternal, more eternal and transcendent has been and will continue his ideals, his life itself delivered to the noble cause to which I aspire to a man, as is the construction of a just, humane, compassionate, sovereign even the most cruel enemy is just 90 miles from their territory.

Fidel, give up their positions with the firm conviction that his replacement is guaranteed, that the revolution will be continued so that his people so decided about because there are men and women formed and forged in the hard struggle to deal with powerful enemies and because they have the sensitivity, clarity, intelligence to continue making Cuba the country where the average educational level of its population is close to 12 degrees, that Cuba has almost a million university graduates, that Cuba is the great university that has given lessons in development of light, of honor and dignity to the world.

U.S. imperialism, Bush and Cuban-American Mafia based in Miami tried to see him die or resign during his health crisis more acute, but great souls do at the height of its existence and makes Fidel and his words say all: “Later I regain the full control of my mind, the ability to read and meditate a lot, bound by the rest. I was accompanied by enough physical strength to write for many hours. ” These expressions confirm their mental and spiritual glory, the triumph of his being on the physical limitations, a new blow to the pretensions of their opponents.

Men and women of the world who love justice and social equality, we have an obligation to take the baton handed over by Fidel and renew our commitment militant Cuban revolution, with his people, Fidel and other leaders of the Cuban Revolution because we are convinced / as you never give up your dream of a society of full welfare for his people, this is the best way to honor the life and example of this giant of two centuries has been known to take a step back in the right time to ensure that his work will endure over time.

Source

Che Guevara on Young Communists

From Averdade, newspaper of the PCR of Brazil.

“I think the first thing that should characterize a young Communist is the honor that feels to be young Communist. This leads him to honor that show the world their status as young communist, which is not subject to secrecy, not reduce it to formulas, but he expresses every moment, it leaves the spirit, which is interested in demonstrating because it is their symbol of pride.

Along with this, a great sense of duty towards the society we are building with our fellow human beings and all the men in the world.

This is something that should characterize the young Communist. Besides, a great sensitivity to all problems, great sensitivity to injustice; nonconformist spirit whenever there is something wrong that whoever has said. Put everything that does not understand, ask them to discuss and make clear what is not, declare war on formalism, all kinds of formalism. Being always open for new experiences, to fit the large experience of mankind, it takes many years to advance along the path of socialism, to the concrete conditions of our country, the realities that exist in Cuba and think – each and every one – how to go changing the reality, how to make it better.

The young communist must propose to always be first in everything, strive to be the first and feel uncomfortable when something else occupies. Striving to improve to be the first. Of course not everyone can be first, but may be among the first at the leading edge. Being a living example, be the mirror where MIREM his companions that do not belong to the Communist Youth, where they can be the example to target men and women of advanced age who have lost some enthusiasm of youth, who have lost faith in life and that before the stimulus of example always react well. This is another task of the young communists.

Along with this, a great spirit of sacrifice, a spirit of sacrifice, not only for heroic deeds, but for all times. Sacrifice to help members in small tasks, so you can just do his job, so it can fulfill its duty in college, in the study, so that in any way they can improve. Always be aware of all the human mass around you.

That is: what will the young Communist is all that is essentially human, human being so that approaches what is best in man, to purify the better man through work, study, exercise of permanent solidarity with the people and all peoples of the world, developing the most sensitivity to feel anxiety when you murder a man anywhere in the world and feel excited when somewhere in the world to raise a new flag of freedom ( applause).

The Young Communist can not be limited by the boundaries of a territory, the Young Communist proletarian intercionacionalismo must practice and felt it as its own thing. Realize, as we must realize all of us aspiring communists here in Cuba, we are a real and palpable example for all of our America and more than that for other countries in the world who struggle in other continents for their freedom, against colonialism, against neoliberalism, against imperialism, against all forms of unjust systems of oppression, realize that we are always a lighted torch, which are the same mirror that is each of us individually to the people of Cuba, and are the mirror to look that the people of America, the world’s oppressed peoples struggling for their freedom. And we must be worthy of that example. At all times and all hours must be worthy of this example. ”

(Extract from the text What is to be a young communist, Ernesto Che Guevara, Manoel Lisboa Editions)

Source

Cuba makes more reforms to retail sector

By Marc Frank

HAVANA (Reuters) – Cuba will open up more of the country’s retail services to the private sector next year, allowing Cubans to operate various services such as appliance and watch repair, and locksmith and carpentry shops, official media reported on Monday.

The measures are the latest by President Raul Castro in his attempt to reinvigorate Cuba’s struggling Soviet-style economy by reducing the role of the state and encouraging more private initiative.

A resolution published in the official gazette on Monday said the new reforms would take effect on January 1.

Earlier this year, the Cuban government turned over some 1,500 state barbershops and beauty parlors to employees.

Former state employees now pay a monthly fee for the shop, purchase supplies, pay taxes and charge what the market will bear.

Shortly after Fidel Castro’s 1959 revolution, all businesses in Cuba were taken over by the state. But since the former leader handed power to his brother in 2008, the policy has been openly criticized as a mistake.

Ordinary Cubans have long complained about dismal state services, including small retail services, which they say have deteriorated because of a theft of resources and a shortage of sufficient supplies from the government.

Cuba has been moving over the last year to liberalize regulations over private economic activity. Since then, tens of thousands of Cubans have taken out licenses “to work for themselves,” a euphemism used by the government to describe operating mom-and-pop businesses.

Cuba plans to have 35 percent to 40 percent of the labor force working in the “non-state” sector by 2016, compared with 15 percent at the close of 2010.

Raul Castro, faced with stagnating production and mounting foreign debt, has made clear the economy must be overhauled if the socialist system he and his ailing brother Fidel installed is to survive.

Moving most retail services to the “non-state” sector is one of more than 300 reforms approved by the ruling Communist Party earlier this year to “update” the economy.

The measures aim to introduce market forces in the agriculture and retail services sectors, cut subsidies and lift restrictions on individual activity that once prohibited the sale and purchase of homes and cars.

On Monday, the Communist Party daily Granma said the moving of thousands of state retail services to a leasing arrangement would be done gradually throughout 2012.

Economy Minister Adel Yzquierdo Rodriguez told a year-end session of the National Assembly last week the number of state jobs would be reduced by 170,000 next year, with 240,000 new jobs likely to be added to the “non-state” sector.

Thousands of state taxi drivers are expected to move to leasing arrangements next year. Some state food services are also expected to be allowed to form cooperatives.

(Editing by Kevin Gray and Eric Beech)

Source

Cuba decreed official mourning for death of Kim Jong Il

Havana, Dec 19 (Prensa Latina) Cuba’s government today declared official mourning for the death last Saturday by the leader of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK), Kim Jong Il.

According to a note read through the National Television, the State Council established the duel, which will run on 20, 21 and 22 December.

During those days, the Cuban flag shall be flown at half mast on public buildings and military institutions, the statement said.

Kim Jong Il, 69, died last Saturday because of a heart attack while he was working with a trip by train.

Korean leader began working in 1964 at the Central Committee of the Workers Party of Korea (WPK) and in February 1974 became a member of Central Committee Political Bureau. Since October 1980, Kim Jong Il was a member of the Presidium of the Political Bureau, secretary of the WPK Central Committee and member of the Central Military Commission.

In his long political career he was also elected deputy to the Supreme People’s Assembly from 1982 to 1998 and from December 1992 to April 1993, in succession, Supreme Commander of the KPA, and later senior vice president of the Commission National Defence.

On October 8, 1997, Kim Jong Il became general secretary of the WPK and received the honorary title of Hero of the DPRK in 1975 and 1982.

Among many honors and awards, in April 1992 was given the title of Marshal of the DPRK.

Source

Forty years of African Liberation Day! Time to build the Party to complete the struggle

Published Dec 2, 2011

When the first African Liberation Day (ALD) demonstration was held in 1972, the U.S. front of the African liberation movement was reeling from deathblows being delivered by the U.S. government in a counteroffensive that had littered the international landscape with the bodies of murdered black freedom fighters around the world.

Hundreds, perhaps thousands, of others were rounded up at gunpoint and herded into concentration camp jails and prisons in the U.S.

This was the U.S. response to the changing world that was reducing the list of hosts that U.S. and European parasitic capitalism relied on for its existence.

Since the bloody carnage of the second imperialist world war between the U.S. and European powers to re-divide the world, the struggles of the peoples beaten down by imperial white power had escalated to an alarming degree.

The independence of India, which occurred in 1947, was followed by the success of the Chinese revolution in 1949.

Peoples of all countries were demanding freedom from white power.

And although the 1950s saw the temporary success of imperialism in overturning progressive governments in Iran and Guatemala, and defeating the revolutionary resistance movement of the Kenyan Land and Freedom Army, the Mau Mau resistance in Kenya and the successful 1959 Cuban revolution set off a chain of events in South America, Africa and elsewhere that presaged a bleak future for imperialism.

The struggle of African people in the U.S. had seen the ebbs and flows being experienced by freedom movements worldwide.

The second imperialist world war gave impetus to mass movements that were first characterized as democratic or civil rights struggles, eventually shedding their pacifist and reformist skins to raise the true anti-colonial demand for power, Black Power!

It was bloody.

Mobutu Sese Seko and other neo-colonial leaders were installed by the West to undermine proletarian revolution and African liberation

Patrice Lumumba was overthrown and murdered in the Congo in 1961, and Kwame Nkrumah was deposed in Ghana by U.S. imperialism in 1966. In the U.S. Malcolm X was murdered by U.S. agents in 1965.

Martin Luther King Jr. and Fred Hampton both were assassinated in 1968, and in Bolivia, Che Guevara was murdered by CIA-led mercenaries in 1967.

Nevertheless, the 1960s held out the promise of a liberated future for African people worldwide.

Algeria won its independence in 1962 and in Ethiopia, the Organization of African Unity (OAU), a distorted, diversionary response to Kwame Nkrumah’s call for a united continental African state was created in 1963.

It was on May 25, at the founding of the OAU, that it was resolved to make that date African Liberation Day.

Despite that historic declaration, however, liberation struggles of African people remained unresolved in Africa and elsewhere.

At the time of the OAU founding, the struggle within the U.S. was shaking the ideological and political fabric of the country to its core.

Liberation movements were blazing in Rhodesia, southwest Africa, Guinea Bissau, South Africa, Mozambique and Angola. These struggles continued to illuminate our possibilities, even after we had suffered some of our most serious setbacks.

On May 27, 1972, the first ALD mobilizations took to the streets as a direct response to the call of the liberation struggles being waged on the continent of Africa.

It was while organizing for this momentous event that the African People’s Socialist Party was founded, through unification of three mainly Florida-based organizations that came together to participate in the May 27 ALD mobilization.

African People’s Socialist Party Chairman, Omali Yeshitela, was a founding and participating member of the ALD’s coordinating committee, which organized the initial ALD mobilization.

African Liberation Day 2012 occurs on the 40th anniversary of the first ALD mobilization.

It is also the 40th anniversary of the founding of the African People’s Socialist Party.
These are two of the reasons for its historic significance; however, there are other reasons.

Our movement for the liberation and unification of Africa and African people has suffered many setbacks since the heady days of the founding of the OAU and the presumed victories of the 1960s.

The first 1972 ALD mobilization obscured the defeat that had been dealt to the organized African resistance in the U.S. and some other places.

The imperialists succeeded in installing neocolonial puppets in power throughout the world to preside over the looting that keeps a parasitic imperialist world system alive at the expense of the resources, dignity and sovereignty of Africans and others.

Even today the U.S. and NATO, almost the entire organized white world, are wreaking bloody havoc to install a neocolonial government in Libya in North Africa.

But the tables have surely turned, and the future of our people looks brighter than ever, as a desperate imperialism fights for its very life.

White power is on the ropes and nothing it can do will save it.

Not even the ploy of attempting to hide its face behind the black mask of an African president in the U.S., headquarters of worldwide imperialist white power.

Today, a haggard, gun-wielding imperialism staggers through its shrinking domain, weakened by its loss of extorted colonial sustenance and increasingly isolated in a world being changed by the growth of free and rebellious peoples who are declaring that the days of colonial slavery are over.

Today, because of its growing losses, the imperialist world economy is severely broken.

Imperialist “economists,” blinded by characteristic arrogance and unable to admit imperial white reliance–that is to say, dependence–on the resources of the oppressed, cannot correctly diagnose the problem as the resistance of the people.

The imperialists are facing a crisis, the likes of which they have never experienced.

The assumption that this is a typical cyclical capitalist crisis that can be resolved by shifting the burden of the crisis onto the backs of the colonial peoples is a form of whistling in the graveyard.

Precisely, the struggles of the colonial peoples are responsible for the crisis and, hence, the inability of the imperialists to turn to this solution of the past.

And while it is possible the U.S. and its allies will succeed in replacing the current government of Libya with pliant, neocolonial quislings, the crisis of neocolonialism is a part of the overall crisis of imperialism.

Indeed, the existence of Barack Hussein Obama in the U.S. White House is the greatest evidence of the general unreliability of neocolonialism around the world that the U.S. would have to deploy an imperial neocolonialism.

Today, facing the 40th anniversary of the first African Liberation Day mobilization, we do so under the leadership of the African People’s Socialist Party, which has accumulated 40 years of experience and achieved the ideological clarity, political maturity and organizational breadth to lead us to victory, to the liberation and unification of Africa and African people worldwide.

Victory is Imminent!
Forward to ALD!
One Africa! One Nation!

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Hugo Chavez says he is a Social-Democrat

-What is the difference between you and Fidel? “

Chavez said:

– Fidel is a communist, I’m not. I’m a Social Democrat. Fidel’s Marxist-Leninist. I’m not. Fidel is an atheist. I’m not. One day we discussed God and Christ. I said to Castro: “I am a Christian. I believe in the Social Gospels of Christ.” He did not. Simply didn’t believe. More than once Castro said that Venezuela is not Cuba, that we are not in the sixties.

In original Spanish:

–¿Cuál es la diferencia entre usted y Fidel?”

Chávez dice:

–Fidel es comunista, yo no. Yo soy socialdemócrata. Fidel es marxista-leninista. Yo no. Fidel es ateo. Yo no. Un día discutimos sobre Dios y Cristo. Le dije a Castro: “Yo soy cristiano. Creo en los Evangelios Sociales de Cristo”. Él no. Simplemente no cree. Más de una vez Castro me ha dicho que Venezuela no es Cuba, que no estamos en los años sesenta.

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US Ambassador Echoes Cecil Rhodes

By Stephen Gowans
September 24, 2011 – http://gowans.wordpress.com

When in 1916 Bolshevik leader Vladimir Lenin expounded what historian V.G. Kiernan would later call virtually the only serious theory of imperialism, despite its shortcomings (1), Lenin cited Cecil Rhodes as among the “leading British bourgeois politicians (who) fully appreciated the connection between what might be called the purely economic and the political-social roots of modern imperialism.” (2)

Rhodes, founder of the diamond company De Beers and of the eponymous Rhodesia, had made the following remarks, which Lenin quoted at length in his Imperialism: The Highest Stage of Capitalism.

I was in the East End of London yesterday and attended a meeting of the unemployed. I listened to the wild speeches, which were just a cry for ‘bread,’ ‘bread,’ ‘bread,’ and on my way home I pondered over the scene and I became more than ever convinced of the importance of imperialism … My cherished idea is a solution for the social problem, i.e., in order to save the 40,000,000 inhabitants of the United Kingdom from a bloody civil war, we colonial statesmen must acquire new lands to settle the surplus population, to provide new markets for the goods produced by them in factories and mines. The Empire, as I have always said, is a bread and butter question. If you want to avoid civil war, you must become imperialists. (3)

Skip ahead 95 years. Here’s US ambassador to Libya, Gene A. Cretz:

We know that oil is the jewel in the crown of Libyan natural resources, but even in Qaddafi’s time they were starting from A to Z in terms of building infrastructure and other things. If we can get American companies here on a fairly big scale, which we will try to do everything we can to do that, then this will redound to improve the situation in the United States with respect to our own jobs. (4)

New York Times’ reporter David D. Kirkpatrick noted that “Libya’s provisional government has already said it is eager to welcome Western businesses (and)…would even give its Western backers some ‘priority’ in access to Libyan business.” (5)

A bread and butter question. Also a profit-making one.

What Ahmadinejad really said at the UN

Mahmoud Ahmadinejad’s address to the 66th UN General Assembly meeting provided the Iranian president with the usual occasion to make the usual points and the Western media the usual occasion to misrepresent them.

Wall Street Journal reporter Jay Solomon wrote that Ahmadinejad “sought to stoke controversy by again questioning the Holocaust,” (6) reminding readers that Ahmadinejad had once called for Israel to be “wiped off the map”, a distortion that will live on in history through its mere retelling. (What the Iranian president really said was that Israel would dissolve as the Soviet Union had.)

I read the transcript of Ahmadinejad’s address, but found no questioning of the Nazi-engineered holocaust.

Here are his remarks on Zionism and the Holocaust.

They view Zionism as a sacred notion and ideology. Any question of its very foundation and history is condemned by them as an unforgivable sin.

Who imposed, through deceits and hypocrisy, the Zionism and over sixty years of war, homelessness, terror and mass murder on the Palestinian people and countries of the region?

If some European countries still use the Holocaust, after six decades, as the excuse to pay fine or ransom to the Zionists, should it not be an obligation upon the slave masters or colonial powers to pay reparations to the affected nations?

By using their imperialistic media network which is under the influence of colonialism they threaten anyone who questions the Holocaust and the September 11 events with sanctions and military action. (7)

It would have been more accurate for Solomon to have written that Ahmadinejad sought to stoke controversy by again questioning the legitimacy of Zionism and the manipulative use of the Nazi-perpetrated holocaust to justify it.

But these themes are unmentionable in the Western corporate media.

It is common practice to capitalize the Nazi-engineered effort to exterminate the Jews as the ‘Holocaust’, as if there had never been any other holocaust—or any at rate, any other worth mentioning. Even the transcript of Ahmadinjad’s address refers to ‘the Holocaust’ rather than ‘a holocaust.’

The Justice Process

It seems that the only argument US president Barak Obama could muster for why Palestinian Authority president Mahmoud Abbas shouldn’t seek recognition of a Palestinian state at the UN is that the ‘peace process’ would be derailed.

Let’s lay aside the obvious difficulty of Barak the Bomber caring about peace, and that the ‘peace process’ has been off the rails for some time. His objection missed the point. Recognition of a Palestinian state isn’t a question of the peace process but of the justice process, and hardly a very satisfying one at that. What justice is there in Palestinians settling for one fifth of their country? Which is what, in any practical sense, UN recognition of the Palestinian territories as a state would amount to.

But it’s better than the status quo and a starting point.

For Zionists, the peace process is a little more appealing, but is the opposite of the justice process. It means getting Palestinians to settle for even less than one-fifth of their country, and to acknowledge the theft of it as legitimate.

An aside: Over 30 countries do not recognize Israel, among them Cuba, Venezuela, North Korea, Iran and Syria.

Rational Ignoramuses?

Do those who promote what Keynes called the fallacy of thrift (or fallacy of austerity, to give it a contemporary spin) really believe what they preach: that cutting pensions, laying off public servants, raising taxes on the poor, and closing government programs, is the way to avert a deeper economic crisis for the bulk of us?

Do they even care about the bulk of us?

Or is austerity simply a way of bailing out bankers and bondholders by bleeding the rest of us dry?

British prime minister David Cameron, on a trip to Canada to compare notes with fellow deficit-hawk Stephen Harper, the Canadian PM, remarked that “Highly indebted households and governments simply cannot spend their way out of a debt crisis. The more they spend, the more debts will rise and the fundamental problem will grow.” (8)

This was reported with tacit nods of approval in Canada’s corporate press, as if Cameron’s utterings were incontrovertible, rather than the ravings of an economic illiterate (in the view of economists), or the words of a political con artist (in the view of class struggle literates.)

Highly indebted governments simply cannot cut their way out of an economic crisis. The more they cut, the more aggregate demand weakens and the worse it gets. Greece’s continued slide into economic ruin underscores the point. The United States’ inability to drag itself out of the depths of the Great Depression, until arms orders brought the economy back to life, strikes an historical cautionary note.

But recessions are not without benefits for corporate plutocrats. It’s easier to cut wages, salaries and benefits during downturns, and to enjoy bigger profits as a result. Small competitors can be driven out of business. Unions can be weakened. And governments have an excuse to slash social programs that have pushed the balance of power a little too far in labor’s direction. Indeed, all manner of sacrifices can be extracted from most of us if we’re persuaded that debt is the cause of the problem and that belt-tightening is the physic that will cure it.

My bet is that Cameron and his fellow water carriers for moneyed interests are no dummies — but they’re hoping the rest of us are.

Knowing Who Your Friends Are

Here is the widely reviled (by Western governments) Robert Mugabe, president of Zimbabwe, at the 66th session of the UN General Assembly.

After over twenty thousand NATO bombing sorties that targeted Libyan towns, including Tripoli, there is now unbelievable and most disgraceful scramble by some NATO countries for Libyan oil, indicating thereby that the real motive for their aggression against Libya was to control and own its abundant fuel resources. What a shame!

Yesterday, it was Iraq and Bush and Blair were the liars and aggressors as they made unfounded allegations of possessions of weapons of mass destruction. This time it is the NATO countries the liars and aggressors as they make similarly unfounded allegations of destruction of civilian lives by Gaddafi.

We in Africa are also duly concerned about the activities of the International Criminal Court (ICC) which seems to exist only for alleged offenders of the developing world, the majority of them Africans. The leaders of the powerful Western States guilty of international crime, like Bush and Blair, are routinely given the blind eye. Such selective justice has eroded the credibility of the ICC on the African continent.

My country fully supports the right of the gallant people of Palestine to statehood and membership of this U.N. Organisation. The U.N. must become credible by welcoming into its bosom all those whose right to attain sovereign independence and freedom from occupation and colonialism is legitimate. (9)

It’s clear why he’s reviled by imperialists, but also by leftists?

If the Movement for Democratic Change’s Morgan Tsvangirai, favorite of the West, ever becomes president, expect a very different kind of address at future General Assembly meetings.

NOTES:

1. V.G. Kiernan, Marxism and imperialism, St. Martin’s Press, New York, 1974.

2. V. I. Lenin, Imperialism: The Highest Stage of Capitalism, International Publishers, New York. 1939. p 78.

3. Ibid. p 79.

4. David D. Kirkpatrick, “U.S. reopens its embassy in Libya”, The New York Times, September 22, 2011.

5. Ibid.

6. Jay Solomon, “Iran adds Palestine statehood wrinkle”, The Wall Street Journal, September 23, 2011.

7. www.president.ir/en/?ArtID=30573

8. Campbell Clark, “Cameron, Harper preach restraint in teeth of global ‘debt crisis’”, The Globe and Mail, September 22, 2011

9. http://nehandaradio.com/2011/09/24/full-text-of-robert-mugabe-speech-at-un-assembly/

Source

PCMLV: Che – Marxist-Leninist

A year ago we published the article with the name “News of Che and the struggle against opportunism” in our newspaper Revolutionary Steel. Today, we celebrate 4 years of the existence of our glorious party under the motto Marxist-Leninist Che! We feel the need to rewrite, adding some elements that because of time we were forced to ignore or at least playing in lines then general without going into them.

Now, it is necessary to delve into what we consider three cardinal aspects of the attitude of M-L Ernesto Guevara. Their struggle for Marxist-Leninist party building at that time entitled “The anarchists” struggle against revisionism that we called “the Trotskyists” and now added a new chapter called “The Marxist-Leninist philosophy of Che” these being special interest since the various currents neo-rrevolucionarias, neo-Marxist and all sorts of postmodern trash (and old revisions with new hair) lack of historical subject and trying to claim a scientific tool and patented the figure of the Argentine revolutionary.

Che Guevara, is a world figure who was traded by the bourgeoisie to turn it into a harmless icon. Thus, all the streams mentioned in the article, trying to castrate the content of discourse and Che’s Marxist-Leninist revolutionary practice. In this sense, not missing those who distort and decontextualized some phrases, speeches and writings of Che for their benefits revisionists. The literature and practical revolutionary legacy of Che, when we approach from the scientific perspective with a serious study leaves no doubt of his position consistent with the principles of proletarian ideology, which is none other than the Marismo Leninism.

44 years ago, died on guerrilla Ernesto Guevara de la Serna known as “El Che.” Since imperialism through their lackeys in Bolivia, cowardly murdered this great fighter, many misrepresentations have been made about its revolutionary quality. From the anarchists, petty bourgeois, even the Trotskyists have tried to capture the image of Che for opportunistic benefits, so much so that ideologists of Trotskyism integers have written essays on a thick volume called “current of thought and vision of Trotsky Che and Latin America “, in turn alienate the anarchist communism che and try to say it was a fighter for the abolition of any discipline and the spontaneous struggle of the masses.

This October, while commemorating the anniversary of Che’s death, we denounce all revisionist groups, and claim the real Argentine revolutionary ideology of Marxism-Leninism as a genuine. Just read the work of Che to observe its high fidelity to Leninism and Marxism, communist oriented itself exposes all the revisionist nonsense they preach.

Other types of cutting equipment or Armando Néstor Kohan Haart, trying to seize, in patented for himself to this great revolutionary, so does the “arch-Trotskyite” Alan Woods, who (not having anything else to do) is dedicated to write long texts on Che (In line with Trotsky of course), the style of Thomas Aquinas with Aristotle, with its 5-way to nothing included or what is the same as their “permanent revolution.”

To address the design of Che party, we must study about key works, such as speech called “party building”, where he played key issues jettisoned any attempt, not only of the anarchists, but all kinds of revisionists who deny the Marxist-Leninist character must be a revolutionary party if you really want to build socialism. For this reason, in this section called “The anarchists’, we decided to replace the name” The conception of Marxist-Leninist Communist Party of Che, “that we do because we believe that” The anarchists “limits the depth of the subject study and gives a unilateral, that although at that time was necessary for reasons of space, now we have to address, giving a more general, making clear the positions of the Che Marxist Leninist unquestionable.

The same it is necessary to this article is a section devoted to the philosophy of Ernesto Che Guevara. Today fashion has entered the bourgeois philosophical theories of existentialism. Certain currents of socialism in the XXI century are demanding reactionary thinkers like Nietzsche and Heidegger and his so-called “philosophy of life.” The reasons for this mutation was found in the fear of death that pervaded the Venezuelan leader Chavez after an illness.

The philosophy of existentialism is made to attack the man of the bourgeois era with this pessimism and fear of the unknown.

It is here where the reactionaries who run the party and the Venezuelan government have encouraged their “ideologues” or rather, all his sycophants to a gross mismatch between the new man and Che Marxist-Leninist, with the “superman”, individualistic , bourgeois and timid of Nietzsche.

The conception of the Marxist Leninist Communist Party of Che

Now, when large shaking movements throughout Latin America and the world at large, we see how the masses rise up against the neoliberal measures that are trying to carry on the workers the consequences of the crisis of capitalism.

In that scenario, tens of conceptions abound all struggling against capitalism, without horizon clear, historical subject and no scientific theory. Many of them are stuck in struggles merely vindictive, leaving aside the political struggle of the proletariat and the seizure of power, the only solution to eliminate the ravages of capitalism in the villages.

One of those many “new” ideas is called “socialism of the XXI century” which has its highest expression in our country. This so-called Bolivarian revolution is just a bourgeois democratic model center has chosen to various social programs that benefit the masses, has been charged with forming a scaffolding wrapped around a socialist but that denies the most fundamental elements of it.

We will not expose all the features of this model, we confine ourselves to what concerns us, which is the conception of the party. We stop a little in Venezuela and its very nice revolution, because it is awarded as his figure of Che, but in practice is diametrically the opposite.

The United Socialist Party of Venezuela (PSUV), between the figures of Simon Bolivar and Che Guevara Rodriguez lies, ignorance or manipulation ¿? This game is first multiclass scaffolding where there is no clear revolutionary subject and program progress to socialism is even fuzzier. Although there is a departure from the word bourgeois writer Heinz Dieterich, its politics, especially the economic one remains the same as the “intellectual” plasma in his book dedicated to socialism sigloventiunero.

The party of Che Guevara, in his conception is deeply communist and Marxist-Leninist. We will not focus solely on the program or the principles of the PSUV, because we all know and it is not the only party of petty nature in Latin America will try to give an outline broadly opposing party’s conception of Che to the reformist ideas of these parties and organizations (although it sounds paradoxical) anarchists.

Marxist Leninist conduct Guevara, faithfully expresses his theories on how it should be the true party of the revolution. In his speech “party building” tells us: “In the general scheme of design of the Party, puts it firmly at the head of the proletarian state, and guide their actions, by example, with its sacrifices, with the depth of his thought and the boldness of his deeds, each moment of our revolution. “later says:” The militant party of revolution is a Marxist Marxism must know and must consistently apply in its analysis dialectical materialism to interpret the world fully, “” We (told later), we hope that all our people go to a single rate, with a single step, that their vanguard have to fight and walk very fast with many difficulties to overcome our shortcomings. That is our task. ”

These passages cited from Che, pulverize any attempt to find a basis of unsubstantiated theories of spontaneity and discipline does not comply with the anarchists seek to manipulate the figure of Che.

As for the petty-bourgeois parties, would only take a look at Che’s speech quoted above about the match. Che says, “And in this new era we live in the stage of building socialism, where all forms of discrimination and sweep is just as unique and determining the dictatorship, the dictatorship of the working class as a class organized on the other classes which have been defeated, and the preparation of a long road that will be filled with many struggles, many troubles still perfect society is a classless society, a society where all differences disappear, not at this time can support another kind of dictatorship than the dictatorship of the proletariat as a class ”

We know that obviously the bourgeois parties that abound in the processes that are developing in Latin America openly renounce the dictatorship of the proletariat. This is one of the fundamental contradictions of them to the theory of Argentine revolutionary party. This is not only based on those games, but of the “communist” parties traditional most of our countries who still cling to Jhrushevismo and opinions of the XX Congress of the U.S. PC, reject the idea of ​​Marxist-Leninist dictatorship the proletariat and she opposed a “popular state”, a “state of all the people” that is just crazy because, while antagonistic social classes exist, the state repressive apparatus will respond to the interests of one . In a society divided between exploiter and exploited, there is no third alternative, or dictatorship of the bourgeoisie or the dictatorship of the proletariat, the exploiters oppress the exploited or vice versa, those who try to go off on tangents, only justify the current dictatorship, ie of the bourgeoisie.

A game where you mix the interests of the bourgeoisie and the proletariat together is not a revolutionary party that we’re clear, a revolutionary party in the first place, it must be a cadre party, a vanguard where are the best elements of the working class revolutionary party is a fundamental requirement that its members do not live other people’s work and have no great interest to operators.

Open the doors of the party to “anyone who wants to register” is a demonstration of the bourgeois character of the same. From management to the foundation of it will have serious and irresolvable contradictions that can only be overcome with the seizure of power by the working class. For example, if converging operators and their representatives in the party, socialism is not viable, because they hinder one of the fundamental rules to move towards this, which is making the basic means of production, the elimination of private ownership the same, the nationalization of banks, the socialization of the land, industrialization and modernization of the country, eliminating the differences between city and countryside, and so on. What do you get with this?, The test have latent in Venezuela and collided with it every moment: the capitalists and landlords are exploiting, killing and crushing the workers and peasants, protected, supported and applauded by the glorious party here exists.

In it, Che was quite clear and precise. The Cuban revolution at first nationalized the major means of production, something very different has happened in other processes petty bourgeois of our continent.

In the Trotskyist

Another revisionist groups that try to deface the image of Che as a revolutionary, are Trotskyists. In this regard, emphasize discourse and compare the attitude of Ernesto Guevara with Leon Trotsky and even a supposed defense and identification of Che with the revisionist Russia. Nothing could be farther from reality, we must answer this with Guevara’s own words against revisionism, Trotskyism and Leninism claim. In 1966, in a speech said: “I have come to Communism by Stalin Dad, I’ve been reading Marxist Stalin, and nobody can tell me not to read his work. I read it even though it was considered very bad read. And since I am a person not too bright and headstrong also continue reading. “In other words:” My duty as a Marxist-Leninist Communist is to expose the reaction behind revisionism, opportunism and Trotskyist comrades and teaching (both in act as in power) should not accept as valid judgments against Stalin formulated by bourgeois, social or other lackeys of the reaction pseudocommunity whose real purpose is to blow up the labor movement from within. ”

In 1953, Ernesto Guevara wrote: “In crossing over the vast dominions of the United Fruit. Again I could convince me that these miserable capitalists are criminals. On a portrait of old and dear Comrade Stalin, I swore not to give me any rest while the miserable capitalists have been destroyed. In Guatemala I will perfect myself to achieve to be a real revolutionary”

These words of Che enough to descend from the clouds to the revisionists and reflect the character and quality of Ernesto as a true Marxist-Leninist who must serve as an example in our efforts to emancipate the working class from the yoke of capitalism in its imperialist phase . Today Che is more relevant than ever because it is the expression of the classic works of Marxism-Leninism.

For Trotsky, we need to analyze who was this character, his attitude to the Russian revolution, against Lenin’s Bolshevik party and the work of the workers in power to develop the technical and industrial base in the country of the Soviets. To accomplish this analysis meet Che incompatibility with this pro-fascist traitor and called for Russian destruction of the Soviet intelligence services with German and Japanese in the prewar period.

From the moment Hitler took power in Germany, the international counter became an integral part of the Nazi plan of world conquest. In every country, Hitler mobilized the counterrevolutionary forces during the last fifteen years had been organizing in the world. These forces then became “fifth columns” of Nazi Germany, organizations of treason, espionage and terror. These “fifth columns” were the secret vanguard of the German Wehrmacht.

One of the most powerful and important of these “fifth columns” acted within Soviet Russia, headed by a man who was perhaps the most notable political renegade in the history of mankind. His name was Leon Trotsky.

When was the Third Reich, and Leon Trotsky was the head of anti-Soviet international conspiracy which had powerful forces within the Soviet Union. Trotsky in exile plotting to overthrow the Soviet government to return to Russia and assume the supreme power, which had once been almost within reach of his hand. Are documented all meetings of the German command Trotsky and Tukhachevsky, former tsarist general.

This anti-communist name Lev Bronstein, was known within the Bolshevik party as the “Red Napoleon”, the explanations are superfluous. It is known that this character was a bitter enemy of Lenin for over 14 years, the most concrete evidence of this was written called “Our task,” where Trotsky poured a lot of accusations and slander against Lenin, similar to the later use against Stalin. When Trotsky warned that the seizure of power by the Bolsheviks is imminent, in August 1917, joins them in the most opportunistic as only he knew how.

Lenin Trotsky never had confidence, and in more than one occasion expressed views about the opportunist. Here are some comments made periodically by Lenin and Trotsky on their activities in the Russian revolutionary movement:

1911: “People like Trotsky, with his words … they are now swollen condition of the time … everyone who supported Trotsky group supports the policy of lies and deceit … workers Trotsky special mission is to throw dust in the eyes of workers, it is not possible to discuss essential things Trotsky because he has no opinions, we just report it as an argument menial.”

1911: “In 1903, Trotsky was a Menshevik, left the Mensheviks in 1904 and returned to them in 1905, boasting all over with phrases ultrarevolucionarias during that time, and again turned away from the Mensheviks in 1906 Trotsky plagiarism today … the ideas of a fraction, and tomorrow another, and so is considered superior to both … I have to declare that Trotsky represents only his own faction. ”

1912: “This group consists of lack of principles, hypocrisy and empty phrases … all under Trotsky ebcubre revolutionary phraseology that does not cost anything or commit you to anything.”

1914: “the old members of the Marxist movement in Russia are very familiar with Trotsky’s personality and not worth talking about it. But the new generation of workers do not know, and we need to let them know … these guys are characteristic fragments of the historical formations of yesterday, when the mass workers’ movement in Russia was still dormant. ”

1914: “Comrade Trotsky has not yet possessed definite opinion on a single issue serious Marxist, always has slipped through the gap opened by this or that discrepancy and has swung from side to side.”

1916: “Trotsky … as always, completely disagrees with the socialchauvinistas in principle, but brand around with them in practice.”

These are some of the opinions that Trotsky was Lenin in all the time Trotsky, Trotskyists is for today, what Jesus is for Christians in their teens.

We can say the killings are the leaders of the party by the clique that operated within the USSR was led by Trotsky. Dr. Leo Levin, a senior associate of Trotsky, infiltrated the Kremlin, was one of the major medical Bolshevik leaders, this man carried out under the guidance of Trotsky’s assassination and Menzhinsky important personages like Maxim Gorky, just to name two of the most emblematic. After the assassination of Menzhinsky was responsible for the GPU, its successor was Yagoda confessed Trotskyist who led the subsequent assassinations of important leaders, the most emblematic was the murder of writer Maxim Gorky, author of the landmark book “The Mother” with his son Peshkov.

Stanislav Rataichak, Trotsky service agent and head of the central administration of the chemical industry, confessed that when Germany was preparing his army hard mid-30, “three slides were prepared, a deviant act in Gorlovka workshops and two more landslides, one in the Nevsky workshops and other chemicals in the workshops combined Voskressensk ”

Yakov Borbnis, Trotsky group and workshop assistant chief Kamerovo said: “The plant was put district in such a condition that if in accordance with the demolition project was deemed necessary to do so, and gave the order, the mine could be flooded . In addition, we provided a coal from the technical point of view it was inappropriate for fuel, circumstances giving rise to numerous explosions. This was done deliberately … many workers are seriously injured ”

These small examples belong to a long chain of attacks, conspiracies and sabotage by anti-Soviet Trotsky and his group, to subvert the country’s industry and leave workers vulnerable to German attack was being prepared since Hitler and the Nazis took power in Germany in 1933 and was fully aware that Trotsky.

All the anti-Soviet Trotsky plot detailed in a study published in the near future, we are making the necessary investigations for publication. Meanwhile, there is more than shown and in the eyes of anyone who figures Trotsky and Che Guevara are not only incompatible but totally contrary, the first anti-traitor, the second a Marxist-Leninist revolutionary. Asked Thinking of Trotsky and Che? Where?

Marxist-Leninist Philosophy of Che

The philosophical content of Che Guevara was none other than Marist-Leninist philosophy, it does not doubt any serious person who is dedicated to the study of South American revolutionary figure. However, from Venezuela, there has been a wave of charlatans making comparisons of Nietzsche and his “superman” with the new man of Che Guevara. Something that seems ridiculous, but it is extremely worrying, more so because these charlatans control state political spheres of power.

It is trying to manipulate the revolutionary masses to keep them out of Marxism-Leninism and abstracting the bourgeois pessimism expressed in the “philosophy of life” in the existentialism of Sartre, Nietzsche and Heidegger, which by the way, the last two are the parents the ideas of fascism in Germany. Let us study what is the “philosophy of life” or existentialism to draw the respective conclusions.

Existentialism or “philosophy of life” is one of the hottest trends today, irrationalist doctrine maybe more characteristic of the period of general crisis of capitalism, which more accurately expresses the spirit of pessimism and decadence that permeates bourgeois ideology of our day.

The most prominent representatives of this philosophy are, in Germany Martin Heidegger and Karl Jaspers, in France, Gabriel Marcel, Jean-Paul Sartre and Albert Camus, in Italy, Nicola Abbagnano; in the United States, William Barret. Existentialism is the direct successor of the philosophy of Bergson and Nietzsche: His method has taken considerable part of the phenomenology of Husserl. Its basic ideas of the works of Søren Kierkegaard Danish mystic.

In Germany, the philosophy of life began to take shape after the First World War. The exasperation and despair engendered by the defeat of militarism kaiseriano, the fear of the proletarian revolution in Russia and the revolutionary movement in Germany, the dim hopes for a rematch and the hysterical frenzy of fascism gained strength, formed the political and spiritual he grew up “philosophy of existence”.

Existentialism in a nutshell is the fear of the bourgeoisie and its intellectuals to the rise of the labor movement and popular, all this fear was formed in existentialism reasons largely explain their receptivity in bourgeois circles.

After the Second World War, existentialism morphed into the familiar “philosophy of life” and spread throughout the capitalist world. It spread easily because in an individualistic society like the bourgeoisie, this philosophy is focused (and still focuses) on issues concerning the meaning of life, man’s destiny, choice and personal responsibility, the fear of death , all flows in the name of “philosophy of life.”

To those people, infected by all the prejudices of bourgeois society, who have failed to even make your choice and oscillate between the contending forces (bourgeoisie and proletariat), or try to put over them and feel overcome with bright ideas and at the same time, are aware of the sinking of their supports them just goes “philosophy of life.”

We can not imagine a Che Guevara preaching all the absurdities of bourgeois theory and pessimistic, which is nothing but the widow of capitalism, the justification of bourgeois exploitation of the proletariat and, above all, blame the blame for all ills system to the bad practices of individuals, selfishness, etc.., and not capitalism, only guilty of atrocities and the crisis which we live.

In the period of disintegration of bourgeois society and the spiritual crisis that the slab, the mood emphasize individualistic and become breeding grounds for the reaction against the collectivist ideas of the proletariat and Marxist-Leninist philosophy. This is precisely what we see in these times of turmoil, where social movements come to life as capitalism sinks into a gigantic bankruptcy is no coincidence that this philosophy emerges as the answer to Marxism-Leninism which undoubtedly is gaining momentum for its force and as the only tool capable of eliminating the causes of the crisis, ie the bourgeois mode of production. The Superman figure is without doubt the opposite of this “superman” existentialist just described.

We invite all comrades to study and deepen the figure of Che Guevara. We know your image, like that of Stalin has been corrupted and manipulated at the whim of the imperialists and those who make the game, it is our duty to vindicate Marxist Leninist all the characters have really fought for the emancipation of the proletariat.

Fidel Castro on Gorbachev

“I can’t say that Gorbachev played a conscious part in the destruction of the Soviet Union, because I have no doubt that Gorbachev’s aim was to struggle to perfect socialism.”

(Fidel Castro in: ‘Guardian’, 30 May 1992; p. 25).

“Do you think the Soviets are going to create opposition parties inside the Soviet Union? To think that is to delude yourself.”

–Fidel Castro, Havana Television Service in Spanish 0134 GMT 28 Feb 1988

“By moving towards a market, we are not swerving from the road of socialism. What had collapsed [in Eastern Europe] was not socialism but Stalinism.”

 — Mikhail S. Gorbachev: Report to 28th Congress, CPSU, in: Keesing’s Record of World Events, Volume 36; p. 37, 615.

“Communism means the dictatorship of the proletariat, the dictatorship of a class. I have fought my entire life against dictatorship.”

http://www1.lanic.utexas.edu/project/castro/db/1992/19921205-1.html

15. [Merlo] Do you consider Gorbachev a traitor?

16. [Castro] History will pronounce the final judgment on him. I do not want to be Gorbachev’s judge. I can only say that during the time I knew him, he behaved in a friendly manner toward me. He seemed to want to improve socialism, even if the final result was different. He wrote it in his book “Perestroyka” too, making it clear that he was not against socialism, indeed he wanted more socialism. It seems to me, however, that now there is less socialism than ever in the former USSR-and indeed the USSR does not even exist any more. Someone once said that the road to hell is paved with good intentions.

17. [Merlo] What did you say to each other when you met here in Cuba in 1989? What did you foresee? Did you put him on his guard?

18. [Castro] It is difficult to recommend anything to the leader of such an important country. Yes, I remember that I did give him one recommendation, an idea, an opinion. I told him that the USSR had to broaden its relations with
all the political forces and to that end, I advised him to hold a meeting with
the revolutionary, progressive, and democratic forces, and I think he accepted
my suggestion. I also advised him to base the USSR’s influence over other
countries on the quality of ideas rather than on tradition or, worse, on
hegemonic tendencies…. Gorbachev used to talk very frankly with me, he had a
talent for communication. At least at the beginning. It was an excellent
relationship. I believe he wanted to do good things. I never disputed his
intentions; what I can dispute is the results of his action: a tragedy. The
present single-pole world is not to anybody’s liking, no one wants it.

19. [Merlo] It is especially a problem for Cuba.

20. [Castro] Our basic problems are the economic blockade and the
disappearance of the socialist camp. Some 85 percent of our trade was with
those countries and we had reasonable prices, let us say the right prices. The
value of our sugar in fact, balanced the cost of the petroleum we got from the
USSR. Our exports reached 80 billion [currency not stated] or just under. That
trade has almost disappeared with the disappearance of the socialist countries.
We have had to turn to new markets. We have lost imports, credit, and
technology, and sought fuel, raw materials, and drugs elsewhere. Our sugar is
no longer quoted at that price…. To this must be added the fact that we are
under a severe economic blockade from the United States.

23. [Merlo] What is your judgment of Moscow’s current policy? There is talk
there of possible new adjustments….

24. [Castro] I do not want to judge Moscow this time either. I get different
and sometimes contradictory reports. It is true that there is a large number of
people who would like to put the brakes a little on the current policy, which
is having disastrous social consequences. However, one cannot see-it is not
clear what may happen. Over the next few days we will certainly get a clearer
idea. I do not wish to go on speaking of this because I do not want to
interfere in Moscow’s internal matters.

MPD: Che: If you were alive you’d be on our side

You know what? The 8th of October, the cowardly assassination of Ernesto “Che” Guevara turned 44, and although he was murdered, he will never be gone – he is present in the revolutionary consciousness, not those who sing it, name it and then chase and imprison people if they see Che as a role model.

Guevara, your image was not built by those who have tried to use you as a fashion symbol of rebellion without a cause – your image was built when you fought with the Cuban people, with a rifle in your hands, against Batista’s dictatorship. When you gave accurate shots against the henchmen of imperialism, your image was built when you were suffering with the poor of Latin America, when you were driven by the need for a new man, solidarity and fair man stripped of prejudice, able to give their lives for the lives of the poor, the dispossessed, and thus was forged your image.

The image of your life is so great, that’s why October 8th, day of your murder, is the Day of the Heroic Guerrilla, because you understood the necessity of armed struggle for the liberation of peoples, because imperialism and oligarchies do not understand another language, you not only talk about socialism, practically the same and found when looking for death will expand to other sites, for your spirit of internationalism, Latin American, because we understand that imperialism subjugated peoples actually live the same or similar.

I am sure that if you were alive, you’d be on our side, those who today are fighting a government that sing your songs, but that does nothing for the workers, your name is dropped constantly, but does not understand how it is to be the new man because he believes to be new is to have new home, new aircraft, new life, he understands that being a man again, is to be new money, that’s why I say that if you, CHE, if you were alive, you would be with those who fight for the new nation and Socialism, would be with those on foot, with a poncho, with whom we oppose the introduction of a government of persecution and criminalization of social struggle.

I am sure, if you were alive, you would agree with the young people who rise up against the imposition of a single school, your example is still with us, Commander, to always go forward against any injustice.

PCMLE: “The real emancipation of the peoples is the revolution and socialism”

From En Marcha, #1545
Organ of the Central Committee of the Marxist-Leninist Communist Party of Ecuador
August 19 to 25, 2011

As part of the work that the International Conference of Marxist-Leninist Parties and Organizations is carrying out, last July a meeting of the Latin American parties took place. At the meeting were the Revolutionary Communist Party of Brazil, the Communist Party of Colombia (Marxist-Leninist), the Communist Party of Labor of the Dominican Republic, the Marxist-Leninist Communist Party of Ecuador, the Communist Party of Mexico (Marxist-Leninist) and the Marxist-Leninist Communist Party of Venezuela.

After evaluating the work that these parties are carrying out in each of the countries and discussing the most important events that are taking place in the region and the world, the meeting approved a Political Declaration that we reproduce below.

U.S. imperialism and its European allies: France, England, Spain, Italy, are trying to manipulate the just struggle of the Arab peoples, to channel the indignation of the working masses and the youth towards a change of names, maintaining the economic and social structures and the weight of dependency.

After reviewing the latest events in our countries, in Latin America and the world we declare:

1. The stories told by imperialism claiming that there is a recovery from the crisis are falling apart every day, with the increasing numbers of unemployed, the decrease in production, the worsening of the fiscal deficits and the increase in the foreign debt in most of the countries of Europe, in Japan and the U.S.A., which seriously affect the supposed stability of the capitalist system and sharpening its inherent contradictions. This prolonged crisis that is affecting all the countries of the world shows not only the failure of the recovery policies implemented by imperialism, but also the decay of the system, which is mortally wounded and incapable of guaranteeing the well-being and freedom for which humanity is struggling.

2. The struggle of the working class, the working people, the youth and the peoples is spreading all over the world. Tunisia, Egypt, Libya, Jordan, Syria, Yemen and other countries of North Africa and Asia Minor are an example of the struggle against the reactionary dictatorships and governments, who with the applause of the bourgeoisies and the imperialist powers have sunk these peoples into the deepest crisis, hunger and the cruelest misery, despite the immense wealth generated by the exploitation of oil, gas and other natural resources. In addition, with the complicity of the UN they resort to military intervention, to the bombing of the civilian population in Libya, using the pretext of the fight against tyranny, all with the aim of guaranteeing the established order and the continuity of all its profits that are the product of colonization and exploitation of these peoples. We completely reject the foreign intervention in Libya. It is up to the Libyan people themselves to resolve the problems of their country. No more military aggression and intervention in Afghanistan and Palestine! We Communists raise the banner of self-determination, sovereignty, well-being and freedom!

3. Active and valiant opposition to imperialism and the reactionary governments is also alive in Europe. In Greece, Turkey, Italy, Spain, Ireland, France, England and other countries of Europe there has been a general rejection of the reduction in wages, the pension reforms, the increase in taxes, privatizations and the reduction of the budgets for health care, education, housing and in general of all the legislative programs by which the crisis is being placed on the shoulders of the working masses. Numerous strikes and mobilizations are showing an important revival of the working class and youth that is again speaking out for unity and the political initiative to confront the recovery policies and to reject the reactionary governments. The great mobilizations of youths that are taking place in Spain and other European countries deserve particular mention, which show the exhaustion of bourgeois democracy and the search for roads to social liberation.

4. In Latin America the struggle continues, it is showing a greater advance and development. The structural adjustment policies implemented by most of the governments in the last years have not achieved their expected objectives, much less do they represent measures aimed at the well-being of the masses. The different struggles that are developing in our countries calling for higher wages, labor stability, respect for the right to association, negotiation, collective contracts and strikes, the rejection of outsourcing, the demands for health care and education, greater rights and liberties are arousing the ever greater participation of numerous organizations on the continent that do not kneel before the measures of the bourgeois governments and that struggle for political freedom for the people. The student youth in Chile together with the working masses and the Mapuche people are carrying out large mobilizations in defense of freedom, public education and democracy. The desire for change is breaking through in our various countries, large contingents of the masses are participating in the political struggle and are taking up the banner of working for the victory of democratic and progressive governments that really promote the defense of sovereignty, respect of human rights, well-being and political freedom. The democratic and anti-imperialist tendency in Latin America is an unquestionable fact that is opening the way, is growing and offering numerous possibilities for the advance of the revolution.

5. The rise through elections of several democratic and progressive governments in Latin America constitute important steps in that direction. Nevertheless today, the existence and continuity of these governments is threatened by the rightist offensive of imperialism and the local bourgeoisies that have not given up the privileges that they have enjoyed in our countries for centuries. The offensive of imperialism and the oligarchies has reversed the direction of several of those governments, which have been transformed into open defenders of the capitalist system, of foreign domination; into a form of the old ways of governing, into those who carry out repression against the working masses and the youth, into prettifiers of representative democracy and promoters of developmentalist and reformist measures. In fact, these governments and history show that real change, the social revolution and national liberation cannot be carried through to the end under the leadership of bourgeois and petty bourgeois classes and parties. That responsibility belongs to the working class, the working masses, the peoples and the youth, to the revolutionary party of the proletariat, to the genuinely revolutionary organizations and parties.

6. Imperialism, its allies and servants, the local bourgeoisies in all the countries are persisting in their reactionary policies of repressing the struggle of the working masses, of the indigenous peoples and the youth by fire and sword, at the time that they try to co-opt the social movement by means of social welfare policies and one reform or another. One expression of those policies is the presence of U.S. imperialist troops and those of their Latin American servants in Haiti. In the same way it is continuing the trade embargo against Cuba and actions aimed at subverting the Venezuelan process. The persecution, jailing and assassination of social fighters and revolutionaries are irrefutable testimony of the fact that the struggle continues and that repression, however harsh and bloodthirsty it may be, cannot do away with the ideals and the determination to fight for social and national liberation. We emphatically express our solidarity with the comrades who are suffering repression and torture in Honduras, Mexico, Guatemala, Colombia, Paraguay and Peru. In particular we demand the freedom of the Ecuadorean student leader Marcelo Rivera, who remains in prison, accused and condemned as a terrorist by the Correa government, for defending university autonomy.

7. The betrayal by the government of Rafael Correa and the struggle of the Bolivian workers against “the gasolinazo” in Bolivia are making clear not only the real limitation of these governments, but also the need to make clear to the working class and the social and mass organizations what is the real road to social change. Experience shows that neither reformism nor class conciliation can lead to change. Real change, the genuine emancipation of our peoples is the revolution and socialism, which is only possible if there is a revolutionary political vanguard capable of pushing through a genuinely revolutionary program at the head of the struggles of the working class, the working masses and the peoples.

8. The continuity and development of the struggle of the workers, the peoples and the youth in the countries of Latin America is guaranteed by historical tradition and the present combats, the perspective is the developing along the road of the social revolution. Our Continent is and will be the scene of great liberating struggles and we Marxist-Leninist communists will fulfill and affirm our position as shock troops of the revolution and socialism.

9. The strengthening of the right-wing, corporatist and social welfare policies in most of the governments of Latin America will not make us back down from the search for true social and national emancipation. We Marxist-Leninist parties of Latin America reiterate our commitment to link ourselves boldly and decisively to the struggles that the working class, the working people, the peasantry, the youth, the women and the peoples in general are developing, as well as our irrevocable decision to advance in the unity and leadership of their struggles, winning them for the revolution and socialism.

10. We make the words of Lenin ours: “If in the course of the struggle we win the majority of the workers to our side – not only the majority of the exploited, but the majority of the exploited and oppressed – we will really win”.

July, 2011

PCC-ML: The Crisis and Obama

The following is a translated article from the Communist Party of Colombia (Marxist-Leninist)/EPL; a revolutionary Marxist-Leninist Party that has been fighting an armed struggle in Colombia against the forces of reaction since the 1960s. The article “The Crisis and Obama” reflects the Marxist-Leninist sentiment of the Obama victory. Revolutionaries across the world and especially in America must realize that this victory is one in which we should hold no illusions.

THE CRISIS & OBAMA

November 18, 2008

The election of Barack Obama as president of the only superpower imperialist hits the world, primarily because it expresses the electoral defeat of a policy hated by the people and loving forces of progress and democracy that have seen state terrorism razing villages with their bombings and stifling the economies with rampant speculation, worker exploitation and plundering of the environment to squandered natural resources. They are all symbols of the Bush decade, which the defeated Republican candidate McCain sought to prolong.

The idea of “change” was strengthened with some approaches of the president-elect on issues like the Iraq war, human rights in the prison in Guantanamo and in Colombia associated with the discussion of the Free Trade Agreement, as well as the social needs of broad masses of Americans forgotten and beaten by two governments of the Republican Bush.

In similar measure, the victory of the Democrat Obama is associated with the struggles against racial discrimination which applies to global capitalism, while Barack has not been a bearer of actions of the kind that brought fame to Luther King, much less ideas of Malcolm X, both immolated, and use his victory to try to rejuvenate the people between the unworkable “American dream”. From there arise some expectations in Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean.

Obama has said he does have an option to dismantle imperialism, the changes will be announced in the way of saying and doing things. The changes in attitude will have no major impact on the worldwide panorama and in Latin America he will seek a change of ways to halt the progressive, democratic and leftist tendencies which inspire our people.

Obama also has achieved a Democratic majority in Congress, the majority which approved of the imperialist aggression against Cuba and Vietnam in the government of John Kennedy, who fought socialism to death, developed the nuclear arms race and permanently navigated the seven seas of the planet with a fleet of military aggression, among other actions against the sovereignty of peoples and nations such as the “Plan Colombia” by Clinton that leaves us death and misery.

This is another political reality to affirm strongly that the election of Obama does not change the essence of Yankee imperialism in politics, much less in the economy which is already committed to the “bailout” of the Bush administration to encourage the bankers to expense the savings of the American people and keep silent about the findings of the G-20 which in essence are more of the same.

The people and their real leaders will know their advantage in aspects of the government of Obama that benefit their tactics in the struggle for social liberation and national independence, a quite different illusion with the president of an imperialist power based on reason or aspects of his speech or ethnic origin, which in the cases of the hawks Condoleezza Rice and Gen. Colin Powell led to disappointment.

We cannot forget for a moment that the various monopolies have enough experience to not make the mistake of sponsoring and promoting the president who will fight them, unless he is prepared to defend them above all else.

The determined are those class interests which move the party that chose Barack Obama relying on a special time of economic and political crisis that demanded from its people and the world the idea of “if you can change” the surface, hiding the substance remains the same.

Communist Party of Colombia (Marxist-Leninist)

Vlado Dapčević

1917-2001

In Brussels on the 12th of July, in the 84th year of his life died a Revolutionary, Vladimir – Vlado Dapčević.

Vlado Dapčević was born in 1917 in Montenegro. He was accepted into the Communist Party of Yugoslavia in 1933. Because of distributing propaganda material, joining demonstrations and taking part in clashes with the police, he was arrested several times. Together with a large group of volunteers, he tried to get into Spain to take a part in defending the Spanish Republic, but he was arrested and convicted.

He continued his political work at the University of Belgrade, where he was seriously injured during a clash with fascist youth.

In 1941 Vlado Dapčević took part in the people’s uprising in Montenegro against the fascist occupiers. He took part in all the great battles of the Partisan Army for the liberation of Yugoslavia. During these battles he was wounded several times and was twice expelled from the CPY because of criticism of certain decisions of the Party. By the end of the war he had become a lieutenant colonel.

After the war he worked at the Higher Party School, and then he was appointed Chief of Administration of the Yugoslav People’s Army (JNA) for agitation and propaganda.

In 1948, after the Resolution of the Communist Information Bureau opposing Tito’s revisionism, Vlado Dapčević tried to escape the country, but he was caught and sentenced to 20 years in prison.

From 1948 until 1956 he experienced the worst torture at Goli Otok and other concentration camps of Tito’s Yugoslavia.

In 1958, because of the possibility of a new arrest, he fled the country to Albania, and then to the Soviet Union. Because of opposition to the policy of Khrushchev and the CPSU, it was made impossible for him to work politically. He tried to organize a trip of political emigrants to Cuba, and then to Vietnam, but that was made impossible for him by the authorities. Under threat of arrest, in 1967 he was forced to flee the Soviet Union and to go to Western Europe. In Western Europe, until settling in Belgium, he was arrested a few times.

In Western Europe he was engaged in the work of the Marxist-Leninist parties.

In 1975, Yugoslav police kidnapped Vlado Dapčević.

In Yugoslavia he was sentenced to death, but the sentence was commuted to 20 years in prison.

In 1989 after release from prison he was expelled from the country.

In 1990 he was permitted to return to Yugoslavia.

From 1992 he was President of Partija Rada.

During that period, Vlado Dapčević directed all his activities to the fight against war, and for peace among the peoples of Yugoslavia, while the struggle against Great-Serb nationalism and Milosevic’s regime was the main aim of his political activity.

He was an example of how one consistent revolutionary can defend the basic principles of proletarian internationalism. In his brave struggle for the rights of the exploited and oppressed, Vlado Dapčević with his life and work wrote some of the best pages of the revolutionary anti-imperialist movement of the world.

Information Department of Partija Rada.

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