Category Archives: Benin

Joint Communiqué of the Revolutionary Communist Party of the Ivory Coast and the Communist Party of Benin

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On 23 February 2014, a meeting was held in Cotonou between the PCRCI [Revolutionary Communist Party of the Ivory Coast] and the PCB [Communist Party of Benin] related to the events organised by the INIREF [International Institute of Research and Training]-Benin for the celebration of the International Day of the Mother Tongue and the peoples of Benin.

The two parties exchanged views on the international situation and the respective national situations and identified the tasks they imply.

I. On the international situation

1) The global capitalist crisis began in 2008 and its effects continue to worsen the living conditions of the proletariat and the peoples of the world. This leads them around the world to wage different forms of struggle for their liberation.

2) The arrival on the world stage of new so-called emerging powers, whose known core is made up of the BRICS group: Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa, increasing the inter-imperialist rivalries with the multiplication of local clashes concerning domination; this constitutes the elements of a world war by proxy.

The first counter-offensive by the classical imperialist powers to stop the rise of the “emerging” countries was launched against Libya. They succeeded in regaining control with this counter-offensive, directed against China and Russia, as well as against the African peoples. At the end of the war France would have won 35% of Libyan oil. The second counter-offensive was against Syria; they have bitten the dust faced with the determination of the Syrian people but also with the policy of Russia and China. It is the same with the evolution of the situation in Iran.

II. On the African continent

1) Africa is the focus of all world contradictions: an abundance of untapped wealth, crying misery of the majority of the population, greed of the imperialists, cultural domination, military aggression against the peoples, installation of military bases in some countries to serve as Advanced Operational Bases such as Ivory Coast and Djibouti. The fight is fierce between the old powers and the new so-called emerging powers. This rivalry is the basis of all the conflicts of which the African peoples are the victims.

2) To protect its neo-colonial “backyard,” French imperialism resorts to the policy of direct military occupation of its former colonies. The military infrastructure of imperialism (French and U.S. – Africom – etc.) aim at criss-crossing Africa with assault troops through their military bases in Djibouti, Chad, Gabon, Ivory Coast, Sahel, Gulf of Guinea, etc. So from now on, Abidjan will officially serve as a rear base to attack the peoples of the sub-region.

The latest military intervention to date is the one taking place in the Central African Republic. Any excuse is good to intervene in the African countries: “Hunting a despot who refused to recognise the election results” for the Ivory Coast; “To help the Libyan people in revolt against the dictator Gaddafi” for Libya; “To fight the jihadists and restore the territorial integrity” of Mali; “To restore security and order and stop the massacres” for the Central African Republic. The tactics of imperialism are the same: To set a fire to give a pretext to intervene to put it out. However, we now know that it is the French intervention in Central Africa that is exacerbating the ethno-religious relations in the country disarming the Seleka and covering up the crimes of so-called Christian militias.

The PCRCI and PCB declare that French imperialism and its military forces are the only ones responsible for the current massacres of Central African citizens, particularly those of the Muslim faith and therefore for the ongoing genocide in that country.

The PCRCI and PCB denounce and condemn the military aggressions of international imperialism and particularly French imperialism, which is hiding behind the UN forces and behaves like a pyromaniac fireman to maintain its African backyard.

They pay tribute to all Africans who fell victim to the bullets of the French interventionist aggressors, whether in Libya, Ivory Coast, Mali, Central Africa, etc. And they declare them heroes and martyrs of African patriotism.

3) The PCRCI and PCB welcome the victories of the fraternal people of Tunisia under the leadership of the Workers’ Party and the Popular Front of Tunisia for Democracy against Islamist obscurantism, and for a democratic constitution.

They also greet the fraternal people of Niger who fought bravely against the plundering of the mineral resources, particularly uranium, which is the object of the AREVA group and for the sovereignty over its natural resources.

III. The situation in Benin and the Ivory Coast is characterised by the unchallenged domination of French imperialism whose monopolies control large parts of the national economies (ports, banks, energy, etc.).

1) In Benin, Yayi Boni, having ransacked the economy and finances of the country, aims to restore a fascist dictatorship of another age. It is against this that all the people are rising up to oppose him and establish the power of the workers and peoples. The PCRCI firmly supports the ongoing struggles of the Benin workers and youths in the struggles for their total emancipation and wish them a successful result.

2) In the Ivory Coast, under the false pretext of development after the disaster of the war period, the Ouattara authorities are confiscating the state media, stifling freedom, trying to ban student organisations and put in their place puppet structures. The Communist Party of Benin supports the struggles of the Ivorian people and the Revolutionary Communist Party of the Ivory Coast in their struggle against French imperialism and against the anti-democratic regime of Ouattara to liberate the Ivory Coast from neo-colonial dependency.

3) The Revolutionary Communist Party of the Ivory Coast (PCRCI) thanks the Communist Party of Benin (PCB) and the INIREF-Benin for inviting it to the events for the commemoration of the International Day of the Mother Tongue and the celebration of the peoples of Benin.

The PCRCI and PCB send the proletariat, the peoples, the democrats and the youth the following call:

* NO TO MILITARY INTERVENTION AGAINST THE PEOPLES!
* NO TO FOREIGN MILITARY BASES OF AGGRESSION ON AFRICAN SOIL!
* IMPERIALISM OUT!

Cotonou, February 23, 2014

For the PCRCI: Yokore Gnagnon.
For the PCB: Philippe Noudjenoume

Source

Communist Party of the Workers of France: No to French military intervention in Mali, No to the “sacred union” to support the war!

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Position of January 12

The French government has decided to send French troops to Mali.

After the Ivory Coast and Libya, now it is Mali. This is a decision that involves France in a war in a former French colony.

This option was the only one that has been used since northern Mali has been in the hands of armed Islamist groups.

Since the beginning, [French President] Francois Holland asked the UN to give the green light to an international military intervention, in which the French General Staff and diplomacy would organize the concrete arrangements.

Men like Ouattara, put in place in the Ivory Coast by military intervention in which France played the lead role, Compaore, the head of Burkina Faso, who has continued to serve the interests of French imperialism in the region, regardless of the government in Paris, or Yayi Boni, an autocrat in Benin, serve as an “African” screen for this military intervention. Who can believe that ECOWAS would be able to set up a military force independent of the French army? On the contrary, it is clear today that the whole of the French military deployed in Africa has been mobilized for this intervention.

The justification for this French military intervention is the fight against armed Islamist groups who control part of the territory of Mali. They threaten the integrity of Mali and carry out a reign of terror in the areas they control. But their presence and the ease with which they are deployed reflect the existence of profound social, economic and political problems that the ruling regimes in Mali have not resolved, when they are not aggravated by their management of the country. This means that a military solution, let alone a foreign military intervention, will not resolve any of these problems, quite the contrary.

The Malian forces have denounced this situation and have from the beginning rejected a foreign military intervention; they stated that the question of the territorial integrity of Mali should be the responsibility of the Malian army. They were not listened to.

The military operation is complicated and can take time to mobilize the greatest resources. The victims are mainly Malian civilians caught in the crossfire.

The reinforcement of the “Vigipirate” plan is part of the strategy of tension and conditioning to convince the people of our country that they may be the target of attacks, whose perpetrators are linked directly or indirectly to Islamist groups acting in Mali. It is part of the government’s desire to create a climate of national unity, while it is carrying out an aggressive policy of austerity that strikes the masses.

Behind this intervention is the control of an area rich in strategic raw materials, particularly uranium that [the French company] Areva is exploiting in neighboring Niger and is also found in the subsoil of Mali.

For all these reasons, and because the war in the Ivory Coast, Afghanistan and Libya have amply shown that their justification by the fight against terrorism and the defense of democracy is a big lie, we express our total disagreement with the military intervention of France in Mali.

We reaffirm the need to put an end to the policy known as the “French-Africa,” a policy of economic domination and political and military intervention.

We affirm that it is up to the people of Mali, its democratic and patriotic forces, to find ways for a political solution to the crisis in their country.

Paris, January 12, 2013
Communist Party of the Workers of France

Source

Communist Party of Benin: Press for Activists and Supporters

PRESS

Activists and supporters

At the initiative of the Union is the Nation, a consultation took place on the political situation in Benin in connection with the excesses of autocratic President Yayi Boni. This consultation took place CODIAM Cotonou on 13 June 2012 under the leadership of the Honourable IDJI Kolawolé.

The PCB was invited and participated. Most participants who spoke expressed concern about serious violations of freedoms and Yayi Boni’s Slide of the national economy.

The PCB reiterated its position on the autocratic power of Yayi Boni need to hunt here and now if we want to see the country preserve its democratic achievements and initiate development. In support of this position, the roadmap of the Government Transition Patriotic indicated by its secretary Philippe Noudjènoumè 1 since March 10, 2012.

The PCB said that each organization, whether political parties, trade unions, organizations defending human rights, civil society must be encouraged to be clear in defending the interests of the people against the excesses observed . This through public statements, various events (statements, marches, strikes, etc..). After these concrete actions in the mobilization and organization it will be possible to build alliances to fight to achieve the objective of the hour: Yayi Boni be from.

Cotonou, 13 June 2012

The Communist Party of Benin

Source

Communist Party of the Workers of France: Death of the First Secretary of the Communist Party of Benin

We learned of the death, on April 5, Comrade Fantodji Pascal, a founding member and first secretary of the Communist Party of Benin (PCB). Such a loss is a blow comrades in Benin. We insist on showing them our communist solidarity by sending them the message below:

Communist Party of Benin

The Central Committee

To all militants

Dear comrades,

We would like to express to all the militants of PCBs our sincere condolences for the sudden death of your former secretary, Comrade Pascal Fantodji.

We did not know he was sick, and the announcement of his death surprised us. We measure the demise of this mean for your party comrade and the communist and revolutionary movement of your country. We also drove our condolences to his family, leaders and activists of the International Institute for Research and Information (In.I.RE.F), of which he was president.

We joined the call for you to release all communists, revolutionaries and patriots of Benin in order to redouble efforts to achieve the purpose for which the revolutionary comrade Fantodji fought. The people of Benin and the PCB can count on our commitment to overthrow French imperialism, our common enemy.

With fraternal greetings,

Central Committee of the Communist Workers Party of France

Source

Address of the Communist Party of Benin (PCB) to the people of Benin

Youth in Benin, Friday, November 4, 2011, 15:47

Since the last presidential and legislative elections, marked by the electoral hold-up as everyone knows, events of unusual severity assail your daily life. The slump in the vendors market, torture recurring the academic for parents with its share of problems, education destroyed by the devastating ravages of NPE, the factories that are closing due to lack of raw materials (textile mills , oil factories of all kinds), the abrupt rise in the prices of basic commodities following the implementation of the famous seals Import Verification Program and the misery that entails for the vast majority of the population, unemployment that hits all the youth, many of bullying soldier diplomacy failed, and so on. this is known. And complaints from markets, shops, fields, offices, lecture halls, barracks, resound from all sides and come to me.

But what is even more notable since the last hold-up is where the climbing starts Boni Yayi power for the establishment of a tyranny to Ben Ali or Eyadema Father. It is the frontal attack against the fundamental freedoms that are so far the pride of people of Benin and the adoption by the authority of an array of laws autocratic nature.

This is the area I want to talk about today.

In an address to the Deputies on 27 September 2011, I wrote: “Recently, a spate of projects or legislative proposals are laid before you in the National Assembly to be voted. The common feature of these projects and proposed legislation is the restriction if the liquidation of the fundamental freedoms gained popular struggles of 1989 and consecrated by the National Conference. It is as a combination of actions to each other from the government from the presidential majority in parliament. All have one goal: to muzzle the people and return to the dark period of the despotism Kérékou-PRPB. ” The momentum after the adoption of the law prohibiting strikes by customs and other officers, that the proposed referendum law which has just been made and soon it will be the law on strikes in fact an anti -strike, that is to say, the practice of prohibiting the strike to all workers.

In this regard, the final decision of the Constitutional Court Decision DCC 11-067 of 20 October 2011 by which the Constitutional Court ruled the compliance of the Organic Law on conditions for a referendum, is a milestone that sounds like a culmination of the plot of placing the gag completely to our people.

This decision is announced in newspapers of Monday, October 25, 2011 a strong positive feedback. “The Court shows its independence vis-à-vis YAYI” (The Morning). “The Court frustrates supporters YAYI” “The Court sent a strong signal to the presidential majority in Parliament,” etc.. Much that is written emphasize the ignorance of the authors in the field, or are sponsored by the very people who are interested in make-up of this thing that has committed so many crimes against democracy and the people of Benin.

Let us look at the famous decision. Apart from the additions to the Referendum Act which are also rewriting the statute, the essential element that is the subject of media stream of praise is the rejection of Article 6 of the law passed, declaring it contrary to the Constitution and redrafting. I quote: “Considering that the review of the law shows that Article 6 is unconstitutional in that it does not cite all the basic options of the National Conference of February 1990 and are included in sections 42, 44 and 54 of the Constitution, it is the number of presidential terms, the age limit for candidates in the presidential election and the presidential nature of the political system in our country that the Article 6 should be reworded as follows:

“May not be the subject of questions to submit to referendum the basic options of the National Conference of February 1990, namely:

– The republican and secular state

– The attack on the integrity of national territory

– The presidential term of five years renewable once

– The age limit of at least 40 years and 70 years at most for any candidate in the presidential election;

– The type of presidential system of government in Benin “(Emphasis added)

Such a decision raises the following questions:

1 – The Constitution of Benin did she stay silent on issues that can not be subject to review? Certainly not. It was formal. She deals with Article 156 which provides: “No amendment procedure may be commenced or continued when he damaged the integrity of the territory. The republican and secular state can not be revised. ” Where the Court of Holo-Dossou she pulled the other elements not subject to review such as: – the presidential term of five years renewable once, – the age limit of at least 40 years and 70 years more to any candidate for the presidential election – the presidential form of political regime in Benin? Of his imagination. Even the issue of territorial integrity is not a question in such terms directed by the Court decision. The issue of territorial integrity arises only when a condition of non-revision of the Constitution and is to be attached to an annexation of territory by foreign military action. What is said in the Constitution is that it can not initiate constitutional revision when part of the national territory is occupied by foreign forces. The case of transfer or gain of territory by the border delimitation agreement between Benin and its neighbors such is not considered here as the loss by Benin to the island of Lete before the ICJ is not a constitutional issue.

Where the Court of Holo-Dossou is she went to get these other things? The “fundamental options of the National Conference of February 1990 and which are set by Articles 42, 44 and 54 of the Constitution.” Yet among these famous elements of “basic options of the National Conference of February 1990,” one finds that have never been discussed at the National Conference, which were introduced only later with the High Council of the Republic (UNHCR). Some of these superimposed as for example the question of the conditions for age 40 and 70, were the subject of controversy to the point that the UNHCR had to introduce a third question from the “yes” and “no “with the” yes but “in the constitutional referendum. How the issue of presidential system, the age for presidential candidate, the presidential term, such questions are they not subject to revision by the people? France, which adopted a parliamentary system in 1958 did she not changed by referendum in semi-presidential system in 1962? And recently has it not changed by constitutional amendment the term of 7 years to 5 years?

First conclusion: The Court of Holo-Dossou which is an organ of the Constitution, gets over it, for the use of false rewrite their own way.

2 – Where is the sovereignty in the state? All first-year student of law knows that the state sovereignty belongs to the people and is therefore called “the original constituent.” The people can delegate the exercise of that sovereignty to the parliament which is so called “derived constituent.” Section 4 of the Constitution expresses this as follows: “The people exercise their sovereignty through their elected representatives and by referendum …” with the understanding that the issue of the popular uprising that led to the advent of the Constitution remains current. And if the Constitutional Court is already forming a flange from, of course that is derived for the constituent parliament and a review by parliament will be subject to the same limitations.

But according to the principle of democracy and republican expressed in Article 4 above cited, no limits, no bridle, no muzzle can not be put to the people in the exercise of that sovereignty. The people must be free to revise any provisions allowing the exercise of this sovereign right. It is well understood that the two items excluded from review under section 156 namely “The republican form and secularity of the state” are intrinsic to the exercise by the people’s sovereignty, for a royalty for example, the sovereignty belongs to the monarch and not the people. Besides these two there can be no limit to the people.

Second conclusion: By expanding the areas excluded from review, the Court of Holo-Dossou, which has already assumed the exercise of sovereignty delegated to the Parliament (by replacing the national representation in its legislative role), has so Finally, assume for the benefit of popular sovereignty at the expense of the people.

Thus, the Associate Professor of Private Law, Joseph DJOGBENOU which is “reassuring” such a decision described by him as “wise” and “bridge between the people and the National Conference of active forces of the nation” consciously or unconsciously falls in the game of plotters. Body of the Constitution which usurps the sovereignty of the people by defining the limits of this extra-constitutional sovereignty? That is the sad reality to what the people are facing. The anti-people approach of the Court is of diabolical duplicity. The people want the departure of Boni Yayi and believes that the current Constitution guarantees him at his departure later in 2016. A referendum on the revision of the Constitution explicitly including elements that may allow a return of the new autocrat in 2016 would be difficult to pass. While the Court holds that a ruse remains the people’s sovereignty by making the people believe it stands for. President Yayi Boni has always protested his determination not to revise the Articles 42 and 44 of our Constitution. From this point of view, the Court does not say anything. But can it prevent the camp Boni Yayi, to declare after adoption of the revision by referendum (or parliamentary means) that we are faced with a New Republic “refounded” and therefore it sets the record straight zero provide the means to rebuild a double five-year term (after 2016)? And with the blessing of that Court!? Examples of Wade, Compaore, etc. Biya. are they not there to inspire us? The Dossou Robert Holo and Theodore who fabricated Boni Yayi II bound up with it and surely await the return of the elevator for a second term at the head of this Court in 2013. Moreover, it is not surprising that members of the majority mechanical pro-Yayi Parliament have applauded with both hands the constitutional decision. The division of roles is perfect.

By adopting the referendum law which tears the citizen individually or with other organized into various associations such as various NGOs, the right to participate in the referendum campaign supposed to address existential questions of the state, which subjects prior authorization freedom enshrined in Article 5 of the Constitution on the one hand, and also the constitutional revision, the loop is made. The people are stripped of their sovereignty and the new constitution (adopted by referendum with a fake LEPI or by parliamentary vote) will be a carbon copy of the Basic Law of Kérékou PRPB-less with only one-party state and a Central Committee control the state. We are open in a new autocracy.

So now closed to workers and the people, any way formally prescribed by the Constitution for Democracy and Development in Benin. It will now remained that the revolutionary way in which we forced the power to Boni Yayi and is particularly rehabilitation and up to date globally by the examples of Tunisia and Egypt.

Organisations responsible for the patriotic, democratic, labor and Defense of Human Rights, workers, youth, women of Benin

Since ko election in March, many Beninese are like in a daze, groggy from the blow they have just received. And we hear: “What! What is happening to us? The Beninese becomes like all the citizens of other countries languishing in autocracies. There was more courageous youth. We must return to the years 1985-1990 where young heroes were ready to face even death to defeat autocracy and so on. “. Yes, I hear you well.

In this sense, in a statement dated 03 October 2011, called on my party workers and people to “deepen the reflection and the global movement to empower you to break by force the new autocracy that Boni Yayi. That’s where we are today and that’s the challenge. The challenge for all workers and peoples. You can do it. ”

Indeed, I trust. I trust my valiant people who have achieved great popular movement of 11 December 1989 that led to the overthrow of the hated-PRPB Kérékou, the people who could withstand the vicissitudes of centuries-old history of our country.

The last conference held under the initiative of my party with your massive and enthusiastic participation and whose theme was “Managing the public good and the future of Benin” was evidence that the patriotic and democratic forces in this country can fight and defeat all the economic and political criminals. Both crimes are often inextricably linked. For if the power to Boni Yayi uses autocratic dictatorship is to try to stem any protest against gross violations of the public good which he is guilty.

That is why party leaders and organizations, patriotic, democratic, labor and Defense of Human Rights, you should never give in to discouragement and defeatism. I call you a patriotic union to meet the challenge of poor governance, dictatorship and build a country freed. I invite you to raise an insuperable barrier against the wave of fascist “Refoundation”.

To you young, you have to do this expression of yours Danton, French revolutionary, “Audacity, more audacity, always audacity” to ward off bad luck that you weave the power corrupt and dictatorial YAYI Boni. The country’s future depends on it. Your future depends on it.

To all of you, workers of all categories, youth, women, the country is completely destroyed and that, regardless of the compartment to which it refers. To rebuild, you must make sacrifices because of difficult days ahead. All democrats, all patriots are invited. Each must go its forces and means. The smallest contribution will be welcome in the tide of tasks for the emancipation of that country. And the day of reckoning, everyone can say with satisfaction of a job well done: “I was there.”

Forward we will win!

Philippe NOUDJENOUME

First Secretary of the Communist Party of Benin.

Source

Communist Party of Benin (PCB): Philippe Noudjènoumè is for workers and democratic organizations

Cotonou, November 3, 2011

The First Secretary
Party officials and patriotic organizations, Democratic, labor and Defense of Human Rights,

Workers, youth, women,

The people of Benin,

Since the last presidential and legislative elections, marked by the electoral hold-up as everyone knows, events of unusual severity assail your daily life. The slump in the vendors market, torture recurring the academic for parents with its share of problems, education destroyed by the devastating ravages of NPE, the factories that are closing due to lack of raw materials (textile mills , oil factories of all kinds), the abrupt rise in the prices of basic commodities following the implementation of the famous seals Import Verification Program and the misery that entails for the vast majority of the population, unemployment that hits all the youth, many of bullying soldier diplomacy failed, and so on. this is known. And complaints from markets, shops, fields, offices, lecture halls, barracks, resound from all sides and come to me.

But what is even more notable since the last hold-up is where the climbing starts Boni Yayi power for the establishment of a tyranny to Ben Ali or Eyadema Father. It is the frontal attack against the fundamental freedoms that are so far the pride of people of Benin and the adoption by the authority of an array of laws autocratic nature.

This is the area I want to talk about today.

In an address to the Deputies on 27 September 2011, I wrote: “Recently, a spate of projects or legislative proposals are laid before you in the National Assembly to be voted. The common feature of these projects and proposed legislation is the restriction if the liquidation of the fundamental freedoms gained popular struggles of 1989 and consecrated by the National Conference. It is as a combination of actions to each other from the government from the presidential majority in parliament. All have one goal: to muzzle the people and return to the dark period of the despotism Kérékou-PRPB. ” The momentum after the adoption of the law prohibiting strikes by customs and other officers, that the proposed referendum law which has just been made and soon it will be the law on strikes in fact an anti -strike, that is to say, the practice of prohibiting the strike to all workers.

In this regard, the final decision of the Constitutional Court Decision DCC 11-067 of 20 October 2011 by which the Constitutional Court ruled the compliance of the Organic Law on conditions for a referendum, is a milestone that sounds like a culmination of the plot of placing the gag completely to our people.

This decision is announced in newspapers of Monday, October 25, 2011 a strong positive feedback. “The Court shows its independence vis-à-vis YAYI” (The Morning). “The Court frustrates supporters YAYI” “The Court sent a strong signal to the presidential majority in Parliament,” etc.. Much that is written emphasize the ignorance of the authors in the field, or are sponsored by the very people who are interested in make-up of this thing that has committed so many crimes against democracy and the people of Benin Benin.

Let us look at the famous decision. Apart from the additions to the Referendum Act which are also rewriting the statute, the essential element that is the subject of media stream of praise is the rejection of Article 6 of the law passed, declaring it contrary to the Constitution and redrafting. I quote: “Considering that the review of the law shows that Article 6 is unconstitutional in that it does not cite all the basic options of the National Conference of February 1990 and are included in sections 42, 44 and 54 of the Constitution, it is the number of presidential terms, the age limit for candidates in the presidential election and the presidential nature of the political system in our country that the Article 6 should be reworded as follows:

“May not be the subject of questions to submit to referendum the basic options of the National Conference of February 1990, namely:

– The republican and secular state

– The attack on the integrity of national territory

– The presidential term of five years renewable once

– The age limit of at least 40 years and 70 years at most for any candidate in the presidential election;

– The type of presidential system of government in Benin”(Emphasis added)

Such a decision raises the following questions:

1 – The Constitution of Benin did she stay silent on issues that can not be subject to review? Certainly not. It was formal. She deals with Article 156 which provides: “No amendment procedure may be commenced or continued when he damaged the integrity of the territory. The republican and secular state can not be revised. “Where the Court of Holo-Dossou she pulled the other elements not subject to review, such as: – the presidential term five years, renewable once, – the age limit of at least 40 years and 70 years at most for any candidate in the presidential election – the presidential form of political regime in Benin? Of his imagination. Even the issue of territorial integrity is not a question in such terms directed by the Court decision. The issue of territorial integrity arises only when a condition of non-revision of the Constitution and is to be attached to an annexation of territory by foreign military action. What is said in the Constitution is that it can not initiate constitutional revision when part of the national territory is occupied by foreign forces. The case of transfer or gain of territory by the border delimitation agreement between Benin and its neighbors such is not considered here as the loss by Benin to the island of Lete before the ICJ is not a constitutional issue.

Where the Court of Holo-Dossou is she went to get these other things? The “fundamental options of the National Conference of February 1990 and which are set by Articles 42, 44 and 54 of the Constitution.” Yet among these famous elements of “basic options of the National Conference of February 1990,” one finds that have never been discussed at the National Conference, which were introduced only later with the High Council of the Republic (UNHCR). Some of superimposed elements such as the question of the age requirement of 40 years and 70 years were the subject of controversy to the point that the UNHCR had to introduce a third question between “yes” and “no” “yes but” the constitutional referendum. How the issue of presidential system, the age for presidential candidate, the presidential term, such questions are they not subject to revision by the people? France, which adopted a parliamentary system in 1958 did she not changed by referendum in semi-presidential system in 1962? And recently has it not changed by constitutional amendment the term of 7 years to 5 years?

Source

Mismanagement of public goods in Benin: the Pcb reflected on the responsibilities and probable solutions


Sep. 23, 2011

The Communist Party of Benin (PCB) held yesterday at the Palais des Congres in Cotonou, a symposium on the management of the public good and the future of Benin. Actors of civil society, politicians, university professors, students, members and supporters of the party took part.

“The consensus seems to be regardless of the angle you look at the thing: Benin suffers from bad governance, Benin is badly governed. On the side of citizens, the government is fingering. On the government side, the commitment by the Head of State – to try to refound the nation – expresses this admission of bad governance. “ These words are Noudjenoumè Philippe, first secretary of the Communist Party of Benin (PCB). It was yesterday at the Palais des Congrès, in his introductory symposium has hosted the party. The symposium was held under the theme “behavior vis-à-vis the management of public good for an accelerated, harmonious and sustainable development of the country.” Through a series of communications the participants were kept in suspense about the different aspects of the behavior of leaders and citizens face Benin in the management of the public good in the country. We can retain that policy makers, public and private sectors have a responsibility regarding the mismanagement of public goods in Benin. Noudjenoumè said in its statement that the management of public goods by governments that have succeeded at the head of Benin, since independence, was a disaster. This is illustrated by the fact that from 1960 until 1972, all government team that succeeded one another-often taxed the previous figures to back-of “mismanagement, mismanagement of public goods.”

As for the responsibility of the citizen, the first secretary of the PCB said that “Benin is known for its indifference vis-à-vis the public good.” This is justified by the use by workers in the service vehicles allocated to them by the state. “The Directors and Heads services do not hesitate to let it run air conditioners in their offices for hours and even days,” he continued. It is supported by Atihou George, vice president of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of Benin certifying that workers are aware of at least 60% of malpractice in our structures.

Citizen control as a way out

Of different interventions, we note that, things seem worse under the current regime. And the measures taken by governments such as the establishment of commissions, the creation of the cell moralization, IgM, IgE, IGF and various laws and ordinances, have helped to overcome evil.

“The struggle of the local committees at the base is a solution for the failure of the legal arsenal in the fight against corruption,” said Vice President of Development Association Natitingou. Thus, control Pcb citizen advocates as a solution against mismanagement of public goods. And this requires, according to Moses Sèdjro, agricultural economist and one of the communicators, the fact that the citizen should address the management made the public good, as already in his neighborhood, his town. Among other solutions, we must focus development policies on meeting the urgent needs of populations, and introduce the national languages ​​in education.

Source

Communist Party of Benin: Appeal to the People of Benin against Boni Yayi

Philippe Noudjenoume, presidential candidate of the PCB

Philippe Noudjenoume

The political situation in our country is chaos. Because of the diverse and arbitrary decisions of the Constitutional Court managed to sink into a cesspool.

1. There is no longer the Parliament, because of decisions made by the Constitutional Court, chaired by Robert Dossou. Mathurin NAGO order to apply these decisions for the benefit of Boni Yayi, even by force of arms against the deputies, he dismissed Parliament.

2. The Constitutional Court is discredited. Object to the application of the measures infamous, the majority of MPs has joined the long denounced by the revolutionaries and the people who reject the institution that chokes us with its oppression.

3. There is no government, there is a man named Thomas Boni Yayi greedy for power and wealth, acting on its use and consumption in our country. Today, even the most legalistic bring into question his “kingdom.” Eleven of the fourteen candidates by the Constitutional Court, question the government’s capacity to organize elections valid and moribund demand, according to the ratio of a few weeks ago on the elections’ compliance with the provisions of our Constitution relating to the duration of the mandates of the institutions Republican “Boni Yayi and let the power before the elections.

4. There is no more constitution. And ‘failed for the popular struggle, was taken to pieces by the plots and by disputes between the various cliques of the big bourgeoisie, specifically from that of Boni Yayi. Pua not leave the political turmoil existing judiciary, without knocking down the current constitution, which in fact has already been liquidated.

The building constitutional installed in the country over the past twenty years there has been undermined in the context of acute political crisis, social and moral. We need to build a new building, more democratic, more solid, which is based really on the willingness of workers and peoples, and not on the designs of foreign powers, the Mafia and traitors.

The popular uprisings of 1989, culminating in December of that year, assicucurarono a foundation, then bent to the service of the big bourgeoisie to its present building, now completely drunk. Only a widespread popular uprising can lay the foundation for a new building that will be all the more solid the more it is democratic, based on the aspirations of workers and peoples.

My party calls with all his strength to the general uprising to overthrow Boni Yayi and overcome the current stagnation and chaos. We must be aware of the fact that today the people of Benin has no other way for his dignity and his honor outside of launching from all the general uprising against the left-Trío Boni Yayi Robert Dossou NAGO-Mathurin, his government and its Constitutional Court. Current experiences in North Africa and the Middle East confirmed the correctness of the approach.

I support all the demonstrations of workers, trade unions, political parties, against the State of-fact but not in law – created by the Constitutional Court and the power of Boni Yayi. I appeal to all general and formal workers, youth, women and soldiers to rise up and join the people in order to:

– Break down immediately Boni Yayi.
– Establishment of a Provisional Government of National Salvation.
– Convene a Constituent Assembly elected by the fighters formed to develop and adopt a truly democratic constitution.
– To organize elections truly democratic and transparent.

Viva sovereignty poplar! Long live the popular uprising!
Viva the power of workers and peoples!

Cotonou, February 18, 2011

(Secretary of the Communist Party of Benin)

Site of the newspaper of the Communist Party of Benin: http://www.la-flamme.org/

Studies V: PCOT on Foreign Affairs (II)

This post is a part of a new series of posts which will consist of translations and excerpts from the communiques, statements, pamphlets and other literature from left-wing political parties in the Arab world, especially Tunisia (others as well, Egypt, Algeria and Mauritania in particular). The selections will focus on foreign policy, women’s issues, relations with other political factions (mainly Islamists and other leftist tendencies), ideology, rhetoric and general worldview. The purpose of this series is to put into English elements of the contemporary Arab political discourse which are generally neglected in western and English-language reportage and analysis while the of Islamist tendency receives extensive, if not excessive coverage. The translations in this series should not be taken as this blogger endorsing or promoting the content of particular materials: the objective is to increase access to and understanding of the contemporary Arab left by making its perspectives known, especially in areas of interest and relevance to English-speakers. This series will include both leftist and Arab nationalist [party] documents, statements, communiques, articles and so on. The series will attempt to touch on as many of the main (and interesting) leftist parties as possible.

Below are translations of communiques and articles from the Tunisian Communist Workers Party (PCOT) dealing with international and foreign issues. Two are articles dealing with macro-political/economic issues — the global financial crisis and global warming and its impact on poverty — from 2009 and 2010. One deals with the problem of anti-immigrant (and anti-Muslim) sentiment in Europe, mostly in relation to the economic down turn and the exploitative character of capitalism, as the party sees it. Another is a communique mourning the death of Pascale Fantodji, a Beninois communist leder, from 2010.

These documents were selected because: (1) they illustrate, in part, the party’s ideological and cultural posture at the international level; (2) they deal with relatively contemporary problems in global political economy and thus show how the party applies its political outlook to the world around it in relatively abstract terms as opposed to strictly concrete, practical or tactical terms; (3) these communiques help in understanding the party’s own self image as not just as an internationally-oriented revolutionary party and thus assist in informing readers about some of the frames and its motivation with respect to and approach to particular political questions inside Tunisia and the Arab countries. The authors of these documents, like many leftists, view the global financial crisis as evidence of a crisis of capitalism that confirms the outline of Marxist thought. They view increasing European hostility towards immigrants, Muslims especially, at least in part as a function of capitalist exploitation of the working class and calls for a ”progressive anti-racist front” to advocate for the rights of workers in Europe and elsewhere. (This communique is especially relevant given the terrorist attacks in Norway on 22 July, carried out by an individual committed to the anti-immigrant/Muslim tendency in Europe and acting on what he saw as the logical conclusion of that movement, based on the “Eurabian thesis”.) The communique regarding Fantodji is included to show its links with other African communist movements. Other documents dealing with foreign affairs/international issues will follow in later posts.

1. Broad international trends

“The Crisis of the Capitalist System deepens”

LINK: http://www.albadil.org/spip.php?article2561

DATE: 11 December, 2009

The repercussions of the capitalist economic crisis are still coming and affecting the productive sections as well as real estate and banking in the form of a statement from the government of Dubai, UAE on its inability to pay its debts owed to international banks and its request to postpone repayments for a period of at least six months surprising the various stock exchanges of the world and increasing the severity of the financial crisis ongoing for more than a year [now].

At the time the media began to talk about the beginning of an economic recovery and overcoming the crisis came the real estate crisis in Dubai at the end of November a bomb in the markets, especially since it had been considered a model for countries that were moving from the local to the global. It was also characterized by large projects in the area of real estate and investment in ports and global stock exchanges. Dubai was considered a Tiger that navigated world markets and imposed itself on the globalized economy and some went as far as to substitute it for the GCC’s dependence on oil and exaggerated its image with mega projects such as the floating islands in the shape of palm trees and called to the rich world boasting of the possessing the tallest skyscrapers in the world, etc. [. . .] But this surge crashed in the so-called financial bubble costing over $80 billion for several companies such as Dubai World and Nakheel. Owned by government princes in Dubai were forced to seek assistance and intervention from neighboring Abu Dhabi to pump in the necessary funds in the form of debt ($15 billion).

The reaction in the stock markets was quick and immediate, as shares of Gulf companies fell and savings of the oil countries in international banks and a major loss of confidence in the future of many companies and especially Dubai Ports which invested in the most important international ports (London, America, Asia, etc.). And then came Putin’s pessimistic comments and the IMF paradoxically in a short time (four months) confirming that the financial crisis was ongoing. The repercussions affected small investors and employees who deposited their money in Islamic banks in Dubai and the various Gulf countries and affected workers and employees who lost their jobs as well. Real estate prices have fallen by more than a half and land stocks to more than 10% impacted by the dollar and oil prices.

It can be concluded that the Marxist analysis is valid in regard to a crisis crisis of capitalism would affect all capitalism economies, without exception, and negatively impact people’s lives and will not be salvaged except for by getting rid of the capitalist mode of production and replacing it with the socialist pattern. Let us develop our own capabilities through the initiation of working class struggle and the formation of a global front against imperialism and against the impact of neoliberal globalization.

“The Poor — The favorite victims of climate change!”

LINK: http://www.albadil.org/spip.php?article2748

DATE: 20 February, 2010

It is confirmed by many international organizations that changes seen in the Earth’s climate are due to increased human activity in industry and technology and that the resulting toxic gasses are damaging humans, animals and plants and will eventually lead to increased rates of hunger, especially in dependent [developing] countries.

It is well known that greenhouse gas emissions are increasing significantly and frighteningly from the capitalist countries’s manufacturing, especially from their participation in the arms race, which will affect the rate of food production such that the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has confirmed that the distribution of food production by the year 2050 will witness dire consequences and may face a decline between 9% and 12% as a result of rising temperature as a result of damage to the ozone layer. At the time that capitalist countries involved in the contamination of the Earth did not agree on a protocol setting out the proportion of greenhouse gasses while the systems of agriculture and forestry will be affected and concentrate on carbon dioxide and change forms of rainfall patterns, along with increasing the spread of weeds, pests and diseases. It is expected that the deepening and spread of droughts, heat waves, floods and violent storms will continue for the foreseeable future.

It is natural, in such circumstances and a changing climate, there would be increases in fluctuations in agricultural production especially in poor parts of the world. At another level these fluctuations in climate will negatively affect food security and safety with a wide spread of diseases transmitted by water, air and even by food itself, which will generate a significant contraction in production and productivity. Naturally the working class will also be affected with increasing rates of poverty, hunger and death in their midst.

Many studies have not ruled out the idea that the African continent is one of the areas most affected by climate change due to its being one of the areas more vulnerable to the affects of drought, floods and hurricanes. Being the poorest in the world and least secure in the area of food, it [Africa] is assumed to see irreparable damage on this level. Our country Tunisia is not isolated from climactic fluctuation, as the impact of climate change on Tunisian fisheries and forestry cannot be resisted when its economy is shaky and its people’s incomes are limited. And the regime will no longer be able to reduce its negative impacts at a time that we do not see or hear serious voices calling for the defense of the environment or the ocean only through the official discourse of the wooden system or from some parties and organizations that were unable to express their views and the distortion of our country’s environmental policy because of the suppression of freedoms, especially freedom for the media and the freedom to organize and demonstrate [. . .]

A new strategy to reduce climate change and its impact on food security and for mankind is an immediate priority for humanity and the international community to put it forward strongly and to defend it and not be trapped by the capitalist powers who are active in emitting toxic gasses, pressuring them to at least reduce the calamity which would be disastrous to humankind in general and the poor in particular. And it must also be noted that these capitalist countries pay to wage war against and use chemicals to kill people in Palestine, Lebanon, Iraq and Afghanistan [. . .] In so doing they kill the Earth’s crust from which we eat and drink, leaving frightening effects for many years on the land, water and air. These poles of capitalism must be shamed, exposed and isolated for killing people not only because of their own greed and their stealing of riches but also because this contributes to the eradication of life on Earth.

2. Racism in Europe

“On the growing manifestations of racism in Europe”

LINK: http://www.albadil.org/spip.php?article2560

DATE: 11 December, 2009

The capitalist system is adopting rightist governments in order to cope with its suffocating economic crisis and highlight the extreme fascist groups to leverage chauvinist and racist slogans against immigrants in order to turn the class struggle away from its course. Capitalists find an outlet in fascist propaganda that feeds them moral and material support and disposes of accountability for the real perpetrators of the crisis.

Many racist laws have been passed for some time against migrant workers against Arabs and Muslims. Racist laws have boomed in light of a lack of awareness and weakness on the part of the forces of the left and its fragmentation. The latest of these laws were voted in in Switzerland in a recent popular referendum preventing the construction of minarets in a country with a right wing government and nearly seven million people, including three hundred thousand Muslims with three minarets, one of which is in use. This law is not intended to target the building of minarets but to strike at the freedom of belief and toleration between religions and cultures.

These racist laws neutralize conflict and distract the toiling masses from the real cause of the crisis.

Numerous racist demonstrations and protests were organized against migrant workers in France on the border between France and Switzerland.

Generally, the variations of right-wing extremism is growing and expanding steadily in various parts of the world taking a number of forms such as media campaigns, the use of the arts (cinema, cartoons, songs) to take a sometime deadly character by targeting foreigners (Muslims and Arabs in particular) and their lives, honor and property.

Racist movements that divert attention from the reality of living conditions among the working class and nurture the extremest fundamentalist movements that thrive in such an environment then present themselves as victims and defenders of “identity.” They highlight the terrorist movements drowning the countries in blood and chaos and look for right-wing governments in order to export their crisis and place further restrictions on freedoms.

Confronting this racist tide is the task for of all revolutionary and progressive forces in all countries of the world. It cannot confront this force unless it unites its ranks in a progressive anti-racist front standing side by side with the movements of migrant workers to raise the slogan “We live here, we work here and we will stay here!” and to demand full equality between migrant and non-migrant workers in rights and obligations.

3. Solidarity with other communists

“A communique of condolences to the comrades in the Communist Party of Benin”

LINK: http://www.albadil.org/spip.php?article2843

DATE: 7 April, 2010

Gone from us forever on Monday, 5 April is comrade Pascale Fantodji, First Secretary of the Communist Party of Benin, we sent this cable of condolences to the comrades of Benin.

We have received with deep pain the news of the passing of comrade Pascale Fantodji, the First Secretary and founding member of the Communist Party of Benin.

The passing of Pascale Fantodji is not just a great loss for the communists, workers and people of Benin, but also a great loss for communists all over the world.

We believe that the Communists of Benin will remain steadfast despite this time of difficulty and will continue to struggle to achieve the revolutionary goal taunted Pascale Fantodji for all of his life.

– The Tunisian Communist Workers Party, 7 April, 2010

Source

Tunis Declaration

On July 26, 2011, a meeting of the Communist Party of Benin (PCB), the Communist Party of the Workers of Tunisia (PCOT), the Revolutionary Communist Party of the Ivory Coast (PCRCI), the Revolutionary Communist Party of Volta (PCRV) and “The Democratic Road” Organization of Morocco was held in Tunis. The parties exchanged their views on the international situation, the tasks that it induces for the proletariat, the revolutionaries and the peoples of Africa and propose signing the Declaration whose content follows:

1) The crisis of the capitalist and imperialist system, which arose in 2007-2008, is a structural crisis that has called neoliberalism into question and put the thought of Karl Marx on the agenda. This crisis is deepening, striking with full force the economies of the countries of the world, including the economies of developed countries such as Greece, Spain etc.

2) With the appearance in strength of emerging countries and the capitalist crisis, there is the exacerbation of inter-imperialist contradictions on the one hand and that between the imperialist powers and the emerging countries on the other hand, tending towards a multi-polarity in the leadership of world affairs, in contrast to the hegemonic unipolarity of the United States of America that existed since 1990-1992. This exacerbation of contradictions is leading to a redivision of the world with consequences of wars having their fields of operations in the neo-colonial and dependent countries. The recent intervention of the French army and that of other imperialist forces in the Ivory Coast to install one of their pawns (Ouattara) in place of another (Gbagbo), the current aggression by the forces of NATO, France, England and the United States in Libya under the false pretext of establishing a so-called democratic regime, thus undermining the legitimate aspirations of the Libyan people for freedom and democracy, are acts that confirm what has been said above.

The signatory Parties condemn these imperialist aggressions against the peoples of these countries and call for their immediate cessation.

3) Africa, which is the epicenter of the world inter-imperialist contradictions because of the huge mineral resources that it abounds with, is thus suffering full force not only from the effect of these inter-imperialist rivalries with the consequences such as wars, but also all the ills of humanity such as hunger, illiteracy, disease and backwardness of all kinds. Africa is the most enslaved of all the continents and its liberation from the imperialist yoke will be a decisive milestone in the liberation of all humanity. This liberation is looming on all parts of the continent.

4) The signatories Parties state that the major urgent challenge for the emancipation of the proletariat and the peoples of Africa is the formation of vanguard parties, particularly communist parties and the strengthening of their union based on Marxist-Leninist principles, which must be remembered.

5) The Tunisian revolution underway, which began with the flight of the dictator Ben Ali on January 14, 2011, has inaugurated a new era of the revolution in the world, and particularly in Africa. Its impact, which can be seen up to now in the world and in Africa (in Egypt, Morocco, Benin, Burkina Faso, Senegal etc.), show the proletariat and the peoples of the world and Africa in particular that by rising up, the people can get rid of all the powers including the dictatorial powers no matter how powerful they are.

The signatory Parties salute this great victory of the Tunisian people and encourage them to continue the fight until the completion of the revolution.

The PCB, PCRCI, PCRV, “The Democratic Road” Organization of Morocco and the other signatory Parties salute the PCOT for its important contribution to the movement that led to the overthrow of the dictator Ben Ali; they encourage it to continue along this road until the overthrow of the regime put in place by the latter and they assure it of their unwavering support for the achievement of this objective. They understand that the greatest support for the Tunisian revolution is for each Party to lead and carry out the revolution in their own country.

The PCB, PCOT, PCRCI and PCRV salute the struggle begun in Morocco by the February 20 movement to demand a democratic constitution chosen by the people. They denounce the repression by the Makhzen [royal elite – translator’s note] against the movement and express their full solidarity with the comrades of the Democratic Road and the February 20 movement.

The PCB, PCOT, PCRCI, PCRV, “The Democratic Road” Organization of Morocco and the other signatory Parties to this Declaration, call on the African communists, revolutionaries and patriots throughout the African continent to form themselves into real vanguard Parties particularly Communists Parties to lead the current and future struggles for the emancipation of the African proletariat and peoples so that they free themselves from the yoke of the imperialists and from capitalist exploitation.

Tunis, July 26, 2011

Communist Party of Benin (PCB)

Communist Party of the Workers of Tunisia (PCOT)

Revolutionary Communist Party of the Ivory Coast (PCRCI)

Revolutionary Communist Party of Volta (PCRV, Burkina Faso)

The Democratic Road (Morocco)

Communist Party of Benin urges opposition and resistance

Philippe Noudjènoumè of the Communist Party of Benin

The members of the Communist Party of Benin pursue their allegations of electoral hold-up at the polls on March 13. Yesterday at the labor exchange in Cotonou, the first secretary of the party denounced the coup election of Boni Yayi. It was in a mood for rallying party activists, the Communist Party of Benin confirmed.

Provisional results of the presidential election by the Court in the early morning of Monday is a nest of inconsistencies. Yesterday at the press briefing given to the labor exchange, [PCB leader] Philippe Noudjènoumè denounced a robbery which took place with a fraudulent election without a fixed electoral, without list of polling stations. This holdup was concluded by an electoral coup d’etat. He thinks that what remained of the democratic gains, despite the ups and downs saved for almost 20 years, has just received a blow. A black veil is enveloping our country.

Once the results were announced, the lights went out in the houses. The people are stunned of the stubbornness of Criminal Boni Yayi to go into force and against all logic. In the division of tasks are to believe the speaker, Joseph has played Gnonlonfoun its partition and make room for the Court of Robert Dossou to complete the work for the Yayi camp. This was done immediately and in the deep night of Sunday to Monday, the work chosen by consent has been completed.

Faced with this situation, the Communist Party of Benin in the words of its first secretary calls on all political, social, economic, religious, military committed to democracy, dignity of the country and peace hold true to object to the electoral coup of Boni Yayi and Joseph Gnonlonfoun.

We must resist!

We must say no!

We must reject these elections as null and void and create the conditions for governance in our country he said, to finally launch civil disobedience.

PCB: Statement on the Occasion of 1 May 2011

National Forum of the Salaried Workers of Benin DECLARATION ON THE OCCASION OF 1 May 2011

Like the other workers of the world, those in Benin, for the purposes of taking stock of claims and to consider prospects, commemorate this day, International Workers Day. May 1, 2011, a day of demands from U.S. unions in 1884. Adopted in France by the Socialist International in 1889, it became a legal and public holiday in 1947.

As everyone knows, in fact, May 1 as a cause for celebration and festival is first and foremost a dedication to a great struggle conducted since 1886 by the workers of Chicago. This struggle has left important gains for generations of workers one hundred twenty to five (125) years later, such as the eight (8) hour work day.

In respect to that part of history, and in order to glorify the significance of past struggles and sacrifices, it is customary to celebrate May 1 as a day of struggle by active events such as marches and rallies, or the worker’s forum today under the theme: “Understanding how and why we must organize resistance to the new autocracy and pave the way for the power of the workers and peoples.”

In this sense, and to raise high the demands, the struggles and sacrifices made by workers of CHICAGO, workers in Benin and elsewhere have a duty to rise without restraint today against the constant manifestations of the cruel confrontation between capital and labor, and the hands of the imperialist powers through the channel of their multinationals (Bolore, Bouygues, Monte Santo etc.) Bretonwood and institutions (IMF , World Bank) and WTO. They want to maintain their hold on the neck of the oppressed by all possible means in order to preserve the chain of domination that is perpetuated as smoothly as economic exploitation and cultural alienation.

This, the source of colonization is also that of the neo-colonization and the most brutal attacks of imperialist re-conquest observable here and there, everywhere in the world today with the English, French and U.S. imperialists in particular at the head. For them, the economic re-conquest is almost complete regarding the essential states, especially holding a big reserve of raw materials, especially energy. It must be brought to an end by taking the top political leadership of these countries by force if necessary.

Looking back a little, (1990 for example), we can realize that the IMF and World Bank have prepared the groundwork by requiring disengagement of the state from activities of production and trade, consequently ushering in the all-out fire sale of state enterprises for the benefit mainly of multinationals retained either directly or as strategic buyers.

Thus, in West Africa for example, from Senegal to Benin through the Ivory Coast and Ghana, Bolor is the master of transportation, Bouygues that of telecommunications, the CFDT cap most of the cotton sector, etc. Coffee and cocoa in Cote d’Ivoire and Ghana are the preserve of American and French companies.

No state budget is made or adopted by the National Assembly without the express permission of the World Bank and IMF. There is no sectoral policy adopted without the agreement of the imperialist powers and their pharmacies discreetly arranged recently under the title of technical and financial partners (TFP). Even the constitution of Benin is without the sovereignty of the people, the agreements signed with foreigners by these institutions. It is well-known that since colonial times, the currency, the CFA franc, was already firmly hitched to the French Treasury by its management.

It is clear that with all these tricks on their robust hand, they only needed a firmer hand on the heads of state, whether those hands are much more visible than Focart or Françafrique.

The U.S. has given the ultimate in arrogant and crumbling pretexts, such as Afghanistan, Iraq. SARKOZY joins them after the bitterly-contested elections in helping to install a son of a personal friend, Ali Bongo Ondimba, a son of Eyadema (Faure); There is ferocious force, under the cloak of United Nations here or NATO there, by installing the friend whom he performed the marriage as mayor in Côte d’Ivoire. With its American, British and Italian allies, it takes part in LIBYA as everyone knows, since energy issues, including oil, are great.

The brutality of the reconquest is even stronger than the competition from emerging countries grouped under the acronym BRIC (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa).

Similarly, to stem the financial crisis in the United States triggered in 2008, caused by the colossal benefits, fraudulent practices and huge profits that arrogant leaders of banking and financial institutions, has expanded rapidly in Europe. The victims are all designated workers, including Turkey, Spain and elsewhere in the world to take the bitter medicine of layoffs, restructuring, etc.

It is therefore clear that the greed and cynicism of capital in the service of imperialist powers have never let gains of the workers become or remain permanent unless constantly backed up and maintained in struggles.

In Benin, the recourse of Boni Yayi to tyranny, fascist methods and his own personal references for the management of political power will be seen sympathetically by SARKOZY and other masters as he continues to provide proof of security for the interests of French multinationals Bolor, Bouygues and others. The new autocracy takes its source of justification of this particular provision of security from the growing awareness of the people of Benin, who are likely to struggle in many areas to extract the necessary subsidies for survival. It shows its teeth and claws at the slightest unfavorable event, it banned all public demonstrations about the CEN-SAD, DANGNIVO affairs and the presidential election; it stops and beats peaceful demonstrators. This will not cause any commotion from his masters. It protects and incorporates into its ranks criminals known for dirty work underway or planned. The court and the lower court of Yayi multiply initiatives in order to maintain of power in their hands.

The 2011 presidential election has been an opportunity to demonstrate the strength of these initiatives (vote without voters’ list, no list of polling, the fraud of all kinds of pre-stamped ballots etc.) and logically led to unprecedented results in Benin, an electoral coup that reinstalled the power-hungry autocrats.

At the head of demonstrations relating to these elections, then the electoral hold-up, the labor organizations including in particular the CSTB and FESYNTRA-FINANCE, organizations of Human Rights, ODHP, political parties, including the PCB and many other organizations have rightly called for resistance and have established a committee for this purpose.

To complete the building of the new autocracy, the actors of the coup election have been campaigning during the general election being called for a comfortable majority in the National Assembly.

The people of Benin who experienced the horrors of autocracy will not allow themselves to be new victims.

Workers, better than other classes, have by their experiences of the past six months, given the evidence of their rejection of the decadent power of renewal and change along with their desire for their own power and that of the peoples from which they come.

Those who by this new misfortune happening to our people, those who went for making Boni Yayi President of the Republic, are, even if it could be a calamity for the country, going for a new trap for the people in an attempt to legitimize him, his court and his courtyard, after the robbery of political power in broad daylight from which he can neither win nor draw any glory.

It is for these reasons that the only response that such a deal, this new trap deserves is the firm rejection without appeal.

It should be remembered for those who have forgotten or pretend to have forgotten that political struggles are declared as such, are not painted or hypocritically masked under terms such as “citizen control” triggered at various moments in the history of the peoples and especially the workers, which have in turn led to the advent of the “Democratic Renewal” and “change.”

Workers, in tandem with all other strata, will fight through the necessary resistance to the new autocracy in order to pave the way toward their own power and the satisfaction of their basic demands. Meanwhile, they require:

  • enjoyment of fundamental freedoms and the broader union;
  • the removal of NPE in accord with the sentiment of the majority of the people, education in our mother tongues;
  • stopping the incessant insults made to workers, the dictates of imperialist institutions to justify the non-satisfaction of claims;
  • the election and the revocability of the managers o services and public enterprises (DG, DT, Directors and Project Coordinators, Heads services etc..) for an effective fight of the people against corruption;
  • the halting of the privatization of Benin Telecom SA Sonapra, OCBN, Port, Sobemap, SBEE SONEB and all other public utilities;
  • halting of layoffs in the public and private companies;
  • recovery and publication of audits of departments of all companies and state institutions;
  • shedding light on the current scandals (Cases of DANGNIVO, CEN-SAD Presidential Plane, agricultural machinery, ICC Services, not to mention the no less important deeds of the previous governments) and punishment of perpetrators;
  • guaranteed freedoms, the judgment and punishment of perpetrators of violations of freedoms, the rehabilitation of victims;
  • halting the infringement of gains in bonus and other benefits;
  • the end of impunity for political crimes of blood (murder of Judge Coovi, the Commissioner of Police and Tossou Koundé) and economic crimes, including main leaders in government or the National Assembly.
  • the development and rapid implementation on behalf of workers of the MEF, of all the achievements of recent union negotiations Confederation / Government and the wider wage Coëffic (at least factor 2) to all state employees on active duty or retired (pension).

Workers from all walks and backgrounds must reinforce confidence in ourselves for our major achievements and victories of the past.

Contrary to false propaganda networks developed by unscrupulous authority among workers, Treasury securities to pay back wages, the coefficient of 1.25 on the salaries of Teachers, the repayment of the contract are far from the results of the magnanimity of the power of Yayi Boni. In the minutes of the working meeting chaired Friday, March 7, 2003 by Kerekou, he said to save the academic year. It noted prominently:

  • the lifting of the suspension of payment of financial effects of promotions, reclassifications and promotions, which give rise to Treasuries;
  • lifting the hiring freeze imposed by PAS since 1987 and a rapid offset staffing, which will end the recruitment dropper according to retirements;
  • the “dropping out of sectors on the Training of Public Service” which will give rise among other things to the coefficient of 1.25;
  • the “contractual issues” which then lead to the reversal of the decrees;
  • “problems of pay structures” the result of which consists of the institution of certain bonuses which are then removed.

Moreover, as workers and peoples of other countries, workers in Benin fought the PAS and contributed to to end it;

Workers have fought and prevented the application of merit-based promotion;

Workers have fought and prevented the enactment of Act 98-035 intended to modify the general status of APE for promotion on merit;

By their vote, workers were cornered, beaten and inflicted shame upon by opportunists by electing twice successively already CSTB as the most representative trade union confederation.

Similarly, in response to the multifaceted assaults and organized attacks of imperialist institutions, it is imperative that workers in the West African region, Africa and the world adopt appropriate crucibles to dispel these harmful actions, to incapacitate them and spawn in each country the way to revolution, the true power of workers and the peoples. The Forum of Workers in Benin launches a solemn appeal to workers of all countries.

STOP THE NEW AUTOCRACY!

VIVE LA DETERMINED RESISTANCE AGAINST THE YAYI BONI AUTOCRACY!

FORWARD TO THE BATTLE OF THE GENERATION, THE EMPOWERMENT AND THE MEETING OF THE DEMANDS OF WORKERS!

FORWARD THE POWER OF WORKERS AND PEOPLE!

LONG LIVE THE WORKING CLASS OF BENIN!

Cotonou, May 1, 2011

The Workers’ Forum

Benin: PCB about the political situation and current legislative elections

The Political Bureau of the Communist Party of Benin (PCB) met in Cotonou on Wednesday March 30, 2011, to discuss the political situation in our country.

1. The Political Bureau reaffirmed its withdrawal from the scrutiny of March 13, 2011, as a caricature organized electoral support and active complicity of the European Union and France, to carry out an electoral larceny for re-election of Boni Yayi. This re-election, finally proclaimed by the Constitutional Court, is a sham, a serious blow against democracy, which is now endangered in Benin. Boni Yayi can not claim any legitimacy to a second term that has usurped.

Accordingly, the Political Bureau of the PCB supports all the actions of resistance and rejection of this fraud that means the establishment of a renewed autocracy. It also denounces police repression against peaceful demonstrations, while supporters of the impostor pleasured themselves on the streets. The Political Bureau of the PCB called the people to continue and renew the protests, hoping that will benefit from their rich experience of struggle against autocracy to overcome and defeat the imposter’s power.

Philippe Noudjenoume, the PCB's candidate. PCB is forbidden from participating in elections by the bourgeois government.

2. In regard to ongoing legislative elections, it is clear that they, like the presidential elections are organized in a hubbub conducive to fraud and trickery. The future Parliament replacement is completed, it will be better, because the conditions under which elections are held today. The Political Bureau of the PCB has decided not to participate in legislative elections.

3. It is known that a political system that gives all powers to rule the President, even without Parliament, by decree, on the one hand, and the strong complicity between Yayi Boni and President of Constitutional Court, Robert Dossou, otherwise, the future parliament will not constitute a major obstacle to fascist futility of power against the people impostor. Only mass struggles of workers, youth, women, the patriots at all levels, can afford to leave the cliff and the popular revolution. It is imposed on workers, youth, the democrats and patriots of Benin as the only way of salvation.

The Political Bureau of the PCB reaffirmed its determination to the side of the workers and peoples of the undoubted victory over deception, dictatorship and repression.

DOWN THE FASCIST POWER OF Boni Yayi!

VIVA LA REVOLUTION!

LIVE THE POWER OF THE WORKERS AND PEOPLE!

Done in Cotonou on 30 March 2011.

The Political Bureau of the PCB.